A Tribe Called Quest ¦ Midnight Marauders

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1993

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Midnight Marauders
ATCQMidnightMarauders.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedNovember 9, 1993 (1993-11-09)
Recorded1993[1]
StudioBattery Studios, Platinum Island Studios and Scorcerer Sound in New York City
Genre
Length51:12
LabelJive
Producer
A Tribe Called Quest chronology
The Low End Theory
(1991)
Midnight Marauders
(1993)
Beats, Rhymes and Life
(1996)
Singles from Midnight Marauders
  1. "Electric Relaxation"
    Released: July 1993
  2. "Award Tour"
    Released: November 1993
  3. "Oh My God"
    Released: June 1994

Midnight Marauders is the third studio album by American hip hop group A Tribe Called Quest, released on November 9, 1993, by Jive Records. Recording sessions for the album occurred at Battery Studios, Platinum Island Studios and Scorcerer Sound in New York City. Its production was mainly handled by Q-Tip, with contributions from Skeff Anselm, Large Professor and the group's DJ, Ali Shaheed Muhammad. A culmination of the group's two previous albums, it features an eclectic, gritty sound based on jazz, funk, soul and R&B samples, in addition to socially conscious, positively-minded, and humorous lyrics.

Midnight Marauders debuted at number eight on the Billboard 200 and number one on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart. The first two singles, "Electric Relaxation" and "Award Tour", charted on the Billboard Hot 100, before the release of the final single, "Oh My God". On January 14, 1994, the album was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), with shipments of 500,000 copies in the United States. It was certified platinum by the RIAA nearly a full year later, on January 11, 1995, with shipments of one million copies.

The album received mostly positive reviews from critics. In the following years, Midnight Marauders has acquired further acclamation from within the hip hop community for its production, chemistry and influence, with some regarding it as the group's best work, and one of the greatest hip hop albums of all time. Several writers have credited it as a contributor to a "second golden age" of hip hop in the mid-1990s, as well as the pinnacle of the Native Tongues movement.

Recording

A Tribe Called Quest sought to further develop the bass-heavy sound of its previous album, The Low End Theory, with group member Q-Tip setting up his production equipment in the house basement of fellow member Phife Dawg's grandmother.[2][3][4] Phife Dawg explained, "my grandmother gave him a key, the whole nine, he used to just go in and do his thing."[4] Most of the album was planned in the basement, though Q-Tip also worked on outside projects there, including the beat for Nas's single "One Love", which appeared on his debut album Illmatic (1994).[3] Rapper and producer Large Professor recalled the inviting, relaxed atmosphere in the basement: "[Phife Dawg] would just be there chilling, watching a basketball game or something, playing a video game and just listening to the beats, like, 'Yeah, yeah, I like that right there.' It was just so casual and cool  ... just kind of sitting there and chillin' out, going to get something to eat, going through sounds and picking the sounds out. Telling a few jokes, watching some television like that; it was really nice. It wasn't forced in any way."[3]

Phife Dawg recalled the pressure that the group faced to make a solid follow-up to The Low End Theory: "Obviously, that's a two-year wait, so there was a lot of pressure like, 'Can they do it again?' Q-Tip is really hands on, Tip is a genius, so by the time he was finished sequencing the album, I was lookin' at him sayin, 'Yo, b, we did it again.'"[5] The album's title, Midnight Marauders, originated from Q-Tip's lyrics in the song "Vibes and Stuff" from The Low End Theory, though it was later interpreted by group member Ali Shaheed Muhammad that "A Tribe Called Quest are like sound thieves looting for your ears."[6][7]

Recording sessions for Midnight Marauders took place at Battery Studios, Platinum Island Studios and Scorcerer Sound in New York City, over a period of nine months,[8] and ended in September 1993.[1] All songs were mixed at Battery Studios and mastered at The Hit Factory in New York City.[8] Production was mainly handled by Q-Tip, with contributions from Skeff Anselm, Large Professor and Ali Shaheed Muhammad, who also contributed DJ scratching.[9][10] Raphael Saadiq (credited as Raphael Wiggins) played bass guitar on the song "Midnight".[11]

The group hired Jive secretary Laurel Dann to be the album's "tour guide", having liked her voice, which is digitized throughout the album.[10] With a sample of Cal Tjader's "Aquarius" as a backdrop, Dann opens the album on the track "Midnight Marauders Tour Guide", introducing herself as the woman on the album cover and describing the album's sound. She resurfaces on interludes at the end of some songs, providing information and adding to the overall aesthetic of the album.[10] Q-Tip explained the decision to use her voice: "Everybody was used to hearing that kind of voice whether they were calling a phone company or they were on hold. There was always some type of monotone female voice that had a computerized vibe that was giving you information. So I thought how cool would it be if you called to pay your bill and then you would hear this female voice start rattling shit off like, 'Keep bouncing?'"[12]

Despite Jarobi White leaving the group midway through recording The Low End Theory, the group maintained a "revolving door policy" with him, in which he would continue to attend recording sessions and supply the group with humor that became part of their songwriting process.[13] Clarifying his role, he stated, "You come in [to the studio]. You might have had a bad day today. Some lady might have pushed you on the train  ... I walk in the studio and I'm bringing all my rambunctious silly stupid jokes and now we're all laughing."[13] Because of his efforts, White is referenced on Midnight Marauders.

Music

Production

The production on Midnight Marauders is a return to the eclectic sampling that the group was originally known for, featuring samples of mainly 1970s jazz, funk, soul and R&B.[14][15][16] The sound is noticeably grittier and funkier than The Low End Theory, with John Bush of AllMusic noting that the group "moved closer to their harder contemporaries" and praising them for producing "the most inviting grooves heard on any early-'90s rap record."[17][18] The album has been described as "hooky" and was given critical praise for its frequent horn hooks.[19] Q-Tip implemented his drum layering technique to great effect on the album, varying the drum frequencies on each song.[20] Describing the album's drum programming to Vibe, Q-Tip said:

These are some epic drum sounds that will tear your fucking head off. And there are ways you can get that sound on different levels too. The drums don't always have to be super loud. When you listen to 'Electric Relaxation' the drums are not trying to kill you. It's [very much] controlled. But even if it's a smaller sounding beat you want the tone to be like at any moment the tone of these drums can go from 5 to 10! That's the whole vibe of Tribe's drum sound I was trying to go for.[12]

Q-Tip also experimented with vocal sampling techniques on the album. For the song "Lyrics to Go", he sampled a portion of "Inside My Love" by Minnie Riperton, in which Riperton's whistle register is sustained throughout, giving "Lyrics to Go" a droning backdrop.[10][21] The song "Sucka Nigga" contains a slowed-down sample of Rodney Cee's voice, taken from "M.C. Battle" with Busy Bee, which was featured in the old school hip hop film Wild Style (1983).[10]

While DJing at a party, Q-Tip played Jade's hit "Don't Walk Away"; noting the positive crowd reaction when the song's bassline began playing, he was inspired to sample the bassline for the album's lead single, "Award Tour".[22] For The Low End Theory, engineer Bob Power removed all excess noise from the samples, however, Q-Tip instructed him to leave the noise in the samples on Midnight Marauders, adding to the gritty nature of the album.[23][24] In addition, Q-Tip has stated that the album has more "sheen" to it than The Low End Theory, having been recorded on an SSL mixing console rather than the Neve console they previously used.[20]

Lyrics

The lyricism on Midnight Marauders is often regarded as the best on any A Tribe Called Quest album, and the group's biggest improvement since their debut People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm.[17][25] The group's documentary director Michael Rapaport stated, "They followed a classic and upped the ante. Put it like this: [The Low End Theory] would be the first run at the championship ring, but it takes a different mentality to stay focused and do it again."[10] Subject matter on the album includes social issues, use of the word nigger and everyday life, as well as several sports references.[26][27] Building on the lyrical interplay that was established on The Low End Theory, Q-Tip and Phife Dawg are "practically telepathic" on some songs, providing a contrast in both delivery and style.[17] AllMusic's John Bush described this contrast as "focused yet funky" and "polished but raw."[17]

All aspects of the group's lyricism improved on the album, including cadence, flow, diction and use of metaphors.[25] The song "8 Million Stories" finds Phife Dawg storytelling, as he details "a laundry-list of mundane annoyances."[26] On the single "Oh My God", he refers to himself as a "funky diabetic" in a moment of self-deprecation. Throughout the album, the group blends their brand of intelligence, reflection and positivity with humorous anecdotes.[17][28] James Bernard of Entertainment Weekly praised the group for managing to "hold our attention without resorting to gun references or expletives."[15]

Tom Breihan of Stereogum noted that Q-Tip and Phife Dawg "sounded slicker and more comfortable than they ever had before."[26] Owing to that comfort and their chemistry, the two occasionally performed each others's lyrics during the recording sessions. Describing the "Electric Relaxation" session to XXL, Phife Dawg said, "On that record, [Q-Tip] wrote my lines and I wrote his—actually, we wrote our own lines, and when we recorded, we traded. That's why the whole back and forth, you know what I mean?"[4]

Cover artwork

The back vinyl cover of Midnight Marauders

The album cover artwork depicts a woman painted in Afrocentric colors, continuing the artistic theme found on The Low End Theory.[25] According to Ego Trip's Book of Rap Lists, there are a reported 71 different hip hop luminaries and radio DJs who adorned Midnight Marauders.[29] Andrew Noz of Complex called it one of hip hop's "last grand displays of cultural unity as the Coastal fallout loomed imminent."[30] The cover was issued in three different color schemes: red, black and green, with black being the rarest. The book goes into detail as to which artists were on which particular album cover using a number scheme to easily identify each artist.[29] The complete list of artists is as follows: 3rd Bass, Afrika Bambaataa, AMG, Ant Banks, Beastie Boys, Awesome Two, Black Moon, Busta Rhymes, Casual, Chi-Ali, Chubb Rock, Chuck D, The Cold Crush Brothers, Daddy-O of Stetsasonic, Dallas Austin, Del the Funky Homosapien, Diamond D, De La Soul, Doctor Dré, Doug E. Fresh, Fab Five Freddy, Grandmaster Dee of Whodini, Grandmaster Flash, Heavy D, Ice-T, Jazzy Jay, DJ Jazzy Joyce, Jungle Brothers, Kid Capri, Kool DJ Red Alert, Kool Moe Dee, Large Professor, Litro, Lords of the Underground, MC Lyte, Neek the Exotic, Organized Konfusion, The Pharcyde, Rashad Smith, Rock Steady Crew (Crazy Legs, Mr. Wiggles, Pee Wee Dance and Ruel), DJ Ron G, DJ Silver D, Sean Combs, Skeff Anselm, Souls of Mischief, Special Ed, Sweet Tee, Too Short and Zulu Nation Supreme Council.[29]

Commercial performance

Midnight Marauders peaked at number eight on the Billboard 200 and number one on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.[10] Two of its singles, "Award Tour" and "Electric Relaxation", charted on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number 47 and 65, respectively. On January 14, 1994, the album was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), with shipments of 500,000 copies in the United States.[10] It was certified platinum by the RIAA nearly a full year later, on January 11, 1995, with shipments of one million copies.[10] It became the first of three A Tribe Called Quest albums to be certified platinum by the RIAA, doing so 21 days before The Low End Theory achieved the feat.[10]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic5/5 stars[17]
Chicago Sun-Times4/4 stars[31]
Christgau's Consumer GuideA−[19]
Entertainment WeeklyA[15]
NME7/10[32]
Q4/5 stars[33]
Rolling Stone2/5 stars[34]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide4.5/5 stars[35]
The Source4/5[36]
Spin4.5/5 stars[37]

Midnight Marauders received widespread acclaim from music critics, with Vibe hailing it as "a rap classic" and NME calling it the group's "most complete work to date."[38][32] James Bernard of Entertainment Weekly stated that the album "sounds as fresh" as People's Instinctive Travels, praising its "smooth-as-butter" production and "whimsical vibe."[15] The Source's dream hampton credited the group for doing "what they've always done—ignore all of the current trends in hip-hop and deliver a solid collectable", adding that they "rely solely on their street poetry, Zulu delivery and be-bop beats" to attract consumers.[36]

In his consumer guide for The Village Voice, Robert Christgau gave the album an A− rating and noted that the double bass sounds of The Low End Theory "rock the house, literally" on Midnight Marauders, which "never contents itself with concept."[19] Colson Whitehead of Spin praised Q-Tip and Phife Dawg for "complementing each other's styles perfectly" and lauded the album's "smooth textures that bubble up from unseen, mellow depths."[39] In a negative review, Glenn Kenny of Rolling Stone felt that the "lively wit" of the group's previous work had been "replaced with tired boasts", also stating, "The music still has its beguiling moments, but nothing approaches the revelatory jazz stylings and laid-back cool of past work."[34]

Retrospect

John Bush of AllMusic praised the album for being "impeccably produced", "artistically adept" and "lyrically inventive."[17] Bush also stated that it cemented the group's status as "alternative rap's prime sound merchants" and hailed them as "authors of the most original style since the Bomb Squad first exploded on wax."[17] In Oliver Wang's book Classic Material: The Hip-Hop Album Guide, writer Joseph Patel noted how the album helped unify hip hop in the early 1990s:

Their new crew extended beyond the Native Tongues and included all of hip-hop—as shown by the faces depicted on the album's front and back covers—and Tribe was quickly becoming the one group who could negotiate both underground respect and aboveground fame. Midnight Marauders worked all the elements that constituted Tribe previously to utter perfection: storytelling; anthemic singles; sexually charged rhymes; innovative production; and an exploration of life experiences, emotion, sentiment, history, and heritage. As hip-hop began to change and stratify and develop into generations and geographies, Midnight Marauders could have been the last record that every single hip-hopper—whether from Queensbridge or Queensland, whether gangsta or wannabe poet—had in their collection.[40]

Writing in The New Rolling Stone Album Guide, Mac Randall wrote that it "certainly doesn't skimp on the funk."[35] For About.com's 10 Essential Hip-Hop Albums, where the album was ranked seventh, writer Henry Adaso declared, "No other album showcased this amalgamation of jazz, soul, and rap better."[16] Steve Juon of RapReviews.com lauded its "unparalleled level" of "lyrical brilliance by both Tip and Phife."[41] It was ranked number 75 on Pitchfork's list of the Top 100 Favorite Records of the 1990s, with Rollie Pemberton stating that the group "produced a jazz-hop clinic that finds itself equal parts Pete Rock, Buckshot and Diamond D."[2]

Accolades

Since its release, Midnight Marauders has been included on several "best of" lists compiled by music writers and journalists. The following information is adapted from Acclaimed Music.[42]

PublicationCountryAccoladeYearRank
About.comU.S.100 Best Rap Albums of All Time[43]200826
About.comU.S.10 Essential Hip-Hop Albums[16]20087
About.comU.S.Best Rap Albums of 1993[44]20082
Ego TripU.S.Hip Hop's 25 Greatest Albums by Year 1980–9819992
Exclaim!Canada100 Records That Rocked 100 Issues2000*
Gary MulhollandUK261 Greatest Albums Since Punk and Disco2006*
Giannis PetridisGreece2004 of the Best Albums of the Century2003*
The GuardianUK1000 Albums to Hear Before You Die2007*
The GuardianUK100 Albums That Don't Appear in All Other Top 100 Album Lists199998
New NationUKTop 100 Albums by Black Artists11
No RipcordUKTop Albums 1990–1999201368
OOR MoordlijstNetherlandsThe 100 Best Albums of 1991–1995199531
PitchforkU.S.Top 100 Favorite Records of the 1990s200375
Popblerd/bLISTerdU.S.Top 100 Albums of the 1990s201220
PorcysPolandThe 100 Best Albums of the 1990s201384
Rock & FolkFranceThe 300 Best Albums from 1965–19951995*
Rock de LuxSpainThe 300 (+200) Best Albums from 1984–20142014301
Rolling StoneU.S.The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time[45]2020201
Slant MagazineU.S.The 100 Best Albums of the 1990s201142
The SourceU.S.The 100 Best Rap Albums of All Time1998*
SpexGermanyThe 100 Albums of the Century199919
SpinU.S.The 300 Best Albums of the Past 30 Years201584
Tom MoonU.S.1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die2008*
TrebleU.S.Top 100 Albums of the 90s (10 Per Year)200810
VibeU.S.150 Albums That Define the Vibe Era (1992–2007)2007*
VibeU.S.The 50 Greatest Albums Since '93201321
(*) designates lists which are unordered.

Legacy and influence

Midnight Marauders has been noted for helping to establish a "second golden age" of hip hop,[46][47] and has been regarded as the pinnacle of the Native Tongues movement.[26][48] Several hip-hop critics and writers have cited it as the group's best album, despite it not being as acclaimed as The Low End Theory.[41][16] Lauding it as the group's "masterwork", writer Joseph Patel also stated, "It's hard to believe they could top The Low End Theory, but A Tribe Called Quest did so."[40] Steve Juon of RapReviews.com called Midnight Marauders "the best album that Tribe ever made" and an "overlooked work of genius."[41] In 2020, Rolling Stone added the album to its revised list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, ranking it at number 201.[45]

Q-Tip later contributed to the sound of hardcore hip hop during the mid-1990s, producing for artists such as Nas, Mobb Deep, Crooklyn Dodgers and Cypress Hill, yet retaining elements of the sound he created on Midnight Marauders.[26][49][50] In a conversation with NME, producer Mark Ronson said that the album "changed the sound of East Coast hip-hop, which before was very noisy and aggressive. But Midnight Marauders just had this sheen to it — it wasn't too cleaned-up or sanitised, the snares still had that amazing 'crack' to them, but it sounded like nothing you'd ever heard before. It changed everything."[51]

In 2003, Pitchfork writer Rollie Pemberton stated that "a deep listen to this record unveils the sound that helped promote the current chilled vibe-oriented underground", citing the J Dilla-produced duo Frank n Dank, Madlib and 9th Wonder's former group Little Brother as examples.[2] Other underground artists influenced by the album include Terrace Martin, Jean Grae, Currensy, RJD2, Oddisee, Hiatus Kaiyote and Karriem Riggins.[52][53][54] In a 20th anniversary review of the album for XXL, rapper Talib Kweli gave it a perfect "XXL" rating and stated, "It established Tribe as a commercial, mainstream almost pop group, but it did it by being completely true to their rudiments, and it did it by finding the greatest jazz samples and making the most classic underground hip-hop they could make. They were so good at making underground hip-hop that it went pop."[55]

The singer Bilal names it among his 25 favorite albums, explaining that, "It's just a special album to me. I like where they were as far as beat making. I think it changed a lot in hip-hop on that record."[56]

Track listing

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Midnight Marauders Tour Guide"Jonathan Davis, Ali Shaheed Muhammad, Malik Taylor0:45
2."Steve Biko (Stir It Up)"Davis, Muhammad, Taylor3:11
3."Award Tour" (featuring Trugoy the Dove)Davis, Muhammad, Taylor3:46
4."8 Million Stories"Davis, Muhammad, Taylor, Skeff Anselm4:30
5."Sucka Nigga"Davis, Muhammad, Taylor, Freddie Hubbard4:05
6."Midnight" (featuring Raphael Wiggins)Davis, Muhammad, Taylor3:49
7."We Can Get Down"Davis, Muhammad, Taylor4:19
8."Electric Relaxation"Davis, Muhammad, Taylor4:04
9."Clap Your Hands"Davis, Muhammad, Taylor, Bob James, Leo Nocentelli, George Porter Jr., Cyril Neville, Joseph Modeliste3:16
10."Oh My God" (featuring Busta Rhymes)Davis, Muhammad, Taylor3:29
11."Keep It Rollin'" (featuring Large Professor)Davis, Muhammad, Taylor, William Mitchell3:05
12."The Chase, Part II"Davis, Muhammad, Taylor, Steve Arrington, Victor Godsey, Buddy Hankerson4:02
13."Lyrics to Go"Davis, Muhammad, Taylor4:09
14."God Lives Through"Davis, Muhammad, Taylor4:15
Total length:51:12

Personnel

Credits are adapted from AllMusic.[57]

Charts and certifications

See also

Bibliography

References

  1. ^ a b Rapaport, Michael (2011). "Beats, Rhymes & Life: The Travels of a Tribe Called Quest". Sony Pictures Classics.
  2. ^ a b c Pemberton, Rollie. "Top 100 Albums of the 1990s". Pitchfork. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Large Professor Remembers His 'Witty, Sharp, Smooth' Friend Phife Dawg Billboard. Accessed on January 9, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "PHIFE BREAKS DOWN HIS TEN FAVORITE A TRIBE CALLED QUEST SONGS (Page 3)". XXL. November 8, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  5. ^ "PHIFE BREAKS DOWN HIS TEN FAVORITE A TRIBE CALLED QUEST SONGS (Page 1)". XXL. November 8, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  6. ^ "25 Years On: A Tribe Called Quest's The Low End Theory Revisited". The Quietus. September 24, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  7. ^ McDonald, Sam (August 5, 1994). "Quest To Be The Best". Daily Press. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
  8. ^ a b Dawsey, Kierna Mayo (December 1993). "Days Like This...". The Source (51): 76.
  9. ^ Exclusive: Q-Tip Interview. MOOVMNT.com. Retrieved on 2018-01-09.
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  11. ^ "Raphael Saadiq on Collaborating With Mary J. Blige on Oscar-Nominated 'Mighty River' and Joint Album With Ali Shaheed Muhammad". Billboard. February 20, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  12. ^ a b Midnight Marauders--A Tribe Called Quest (1993) Vibe. Accessed on January 9, 2018.
  13. ^ a b Davis, Stephen (July 7, 2011). "What Exactly Does Jarobi White, the Mysterious Fourth Member of A Tribe Called Quest, Actually Do?". Slate. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  14. ^ A Tribe Called Quest’s “Midnight Marauders” Just Turned 24 — Here’s a 18-Track Playlist To Celebrate Medium. Accessed on January 9, 2018.
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  16. ^ a b c d "10 Hip-Hop Albums Everyone Should Own". About.com. Retrieved 2018-01-09.
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  18. ^ Bush, John. A Tribe Called Quest - Biography by John Bush. AllMusic. Accessed on January 9, 2018.
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  21. ^ "Throwback tune of the day: Minnie Riperton - Inside My Love". Buzz.ie. October 6, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
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  23. ^ Jacobson, Carl (October 27, 2011). "Bob Power". EMusician.com. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
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  27. ^ "Here are all of Phife Dawg's sports references". Sporting News. March 23, 2016. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
  28. ^ Ryan, Kyle (November 8, 2013). ""Steve Biko (Stir It Up)" perfectly begins the last great album from A Tribe Called Quest". The A.V. Club. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
  29. ^ a b c Jenkins (1999), p. 178–179.
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  49. ^ Columnist. "Review: Illmatic". Q: 142. March 1997.
  50. ^ [1]. Accessed on January 11, 2018.
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  54. ^ Hogan, Marc. "Two Turntables and a Saxophone". Pitchfork. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  55. ^ "TALIB KWELI REVIEWS A TRIBE CALLED QUEST'S 'MIDNIGHT MARAUDERS'". XXL. November 12, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  56. ^ Simmons, Ted (February 26, 2013). "Bilal's 25 Favorite Albums". Complex. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
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  63. ^ "American album certifications – A Tribe Called Quest – Midnight Marauders". Recording Industry Association of America.

External links

Artist(s)

Veröffentlichungen von A Tribe Called Quest die im OTRS erhältlich sind/waren:

People’s Instinctive Travels And The Paths Of Rhythm ¦ The Anthology (A Tribe Called Quest) ¦ Midnight Marauders ¦ We Got It From Here...Thank You 4 Your Service ¦ The Best Of A Tribe Called Quest

A Tribe Called Quest auf Wikipedia (oder andere Quellen):

A Tribe Called Quest
A Tribe Called Quest (2009)
A Tribe Called Quest (2009)
Allgemeine Informationen
HerkunftQueens, New York City, Vereinigte Staaten
Genre(s)Alternative Hip-Hop, Eastcoast-Rap, Jazz-Rap, Boom Bap, Conscious Rap
Gründung1985, 2006
Auflösung1998, 2017
Websitewww.atribecalledquest.com
Gründungsmitglieder
Q-Tip
MC
Phife Dawg († 2016)
DJ, Produzent
Ali Shaheed Muhammad
MC
Jarobi White (1985–1991, 2006, 2010, 2016/17)

A Tribe Called Quest war eine US-amerikanische Hip-Hop-Gruppe, welche den Genres Alternative Hip-Hop und Jazz-Rap zugerechnet wird. Die Band wurde 1985 gegründet[1], 1998 aufgelöst und war von 2006 bis 2017 sporadisch wieder aktiv. Die Mitglieder der Gruppe waren die MCs Q-Tip, Phife Dawg († 2016) und Jarobi White sowie der DJ und Produzent Ali Shaheed Muhammad. 2013 ging die Band vorerst auseinander.[2] Im November 2016 ist das sechste und letzte Album der Band erschienen.[3] Nach einer Abschiedstournee löste sich A Tribe Called Quest im September 2017 auf.

A Tribe Called Quest galt durch die teils philosophischen, teils sozialkritischen Texte sowie durch die häufig aus Jazz-Samples (Jazz-Rap) arrangierten Stücke als eine der von Fans des Eastcoastsounds bevorzugten Hip-Hop-Gruppen.

Geschichte

A Tribe Called Quest (2006)

Q-Tip und Phife wuchsen in Queens auf und lernten sich in jungen Jahren in der Kirche kennen. Ihre gemeinsame Herkunft thematisieren A Tribe Called Quest unter anderem in dem Song Check the Rhime auf ihrem zweiten Album The Low End Theory. Später lernten Q-Tip und Phife in der High School Ali Shaheed Muhammad kennen. Auf dieselbe Schule gingen auch die Jungle Brothers, eine Hip-Hop-Band, die gleichfalls später zur Native Tongue Family gehörte. Durch ein Bandmitglied der Jungle Brothers wurden sie mit DJ Red Alert bekannt, der ihnen zum Durchbruch helfen sollte. Die Jungle Brothers waren es auch, die den Namen A Tribe Called Quest geprägt haben, nachdem die Band sich zuvor lediglich als Quest bezeichnete. Die Native Tongues gehörten der Afrocentricity-Bewegung an und verbreiteten deren Gedanken, dass sich jeder Afroamerikaner seines Erbes besinnen soll.

Im August 1989 erschien die erste Single Description of a Fool auf einem kleinen Musik-Label. Zuvor hatte Q-Tip auf einigen Tracks von De La Souls LP 3 Feet High and Rising und auf Deee-Lites Groove Is In The Heart mitgewirkt.

1989 gingen A Tribe Called Quest zu Jive Records und veröffentlichten im gleichen Jahr ihr erstes Album People’s Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm. 1990 landeten sie einen Hit mit dem Song Bonita Applebum. Auf The Low End Theory bekamen sie Unterstützung von Bassist Ron Carter, der schon mit Miles Davis und John Coltrane gespielt hatte. 2003 schloss sich A Tribe Called Quest für kurze Zeit wieder zusammen, dabei entstand die Single ICU (Doin’ It) mit Erykah Badu.

Erst 2006 erfolgte eine dauerhafte Wiedervereinigung und A Tribe Called Quest gab in den kommenden Jahren wieder unregelmäßig Konzerte. Im Jahr 2011 wurde der Dokumentarfilm Beats, Rhymes & Life: The Travels of a Tribe Called Quest veröffentlicht, der die Geschichte der Band von der Gründung bis zur Reunion-Tour im Jahr 2008 zeigt. Regie führte der Schauspieler Michael Rapaport.[4]

Im November 2016 wurde das Album We Got It From Here… Thank You 4 Your Service veröffentlicht. Phife Dawg verstarb kurz vor der Fertigstellung des Albums an einer Diabeteserkrankung.[5]

Nach dem Auftritt beim englischen Festival Bestival in Dorset löste sich die Gruppe am 9. September 2017 auf.

Diskografie

Studioalben

JahrTitelHöchstplatzierung, Gesamtwochen, AuszeichnungChartplatzierungenChartplatzierungen[6]
(Jahr, Titel, Plat­zie­rungen, Wo­chen, Aus­zeich­nungen, Anmer­kungen)
Anmerkungen
DE DEAT ATCH CHUK UKUS US
1990People’s Instinctive Travels and the Paths of RhythmUK54
(2 Wo.)UK
US91
Gold
Gold

(20 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 17. April 1990
Verkäufe: + 500.000
1991The Low End TheoryUK58
Silber
Silber

(1 Wo.)UK
US45
Platin
Platin

(51 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 24. September 1991
Verkäufe: + 1.060.000
1993Midnight MaraudersUK70
(1 Wo.)UK
US8
Platin
Platin

(30 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 9. November 1993
Verkäufe: + 1.000.000
1996Beats, Rhymes and LifeUK28
(4 Wo.)UK
US1
Platin
Platin

(16 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 30. Juli 1996
Verkäufe: + 1.050.000
1998The Love MovementDE36
(3 Wo.)DE
UK38
(2 Wo.)UK
US3
Gold
Gold

(11 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 29. September 1998
Verkäufe: + 550.000
2016We Got It From Here… Thank You 4 Your ServiceDE14
(6 Wo.)DE
AT18
(3 Wo.)AT
CH12
(11 Wo.)CH
UK24
(4 Wo.)UK
US1
Gold
Gold

(15 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 11. November 2016
Verkäufe: + 500.000

Kompilationen

JahrTitelHöchstplatzierung, Gesamtwochen, AuszeichnungChartplatzierungenChartplatzierungen[6]
(Jahr, Titel, Plat­zie­rungen, Wo­chen, Aus­zeich­nungen, Anmer­kungen)
Anmerkungen
DE DEAT ATCH CHUK UKUS US
1999The AnthologyUS81
(6 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 26. Oktober 1999
2003Hits, Rarities & RemixesUS190
(1 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 17. Juni 2003

Weitere Kompilationen

  • 1992: Revised Quest for the Seasoned Traveler
  • 2006: The Lost Tribes
  • 2008: The Best of A Tribe Called Quest

EPs

  • 1995: A Tribe Called Quest EP

Singles

JahrTitel
Album
Höchstplatzierung, Gesamtwochen, AuszeichnungChartplatzierungenChartplatzierungen[6]
(Jahr, Titel, Album, Plat­zie­rungen, Wo­chen, Aus­zeich­nungen, Anmer­kungen)
Anmerkungen
DE DEAT ATCH CHUK UKUS US
1990Bonita Applebum
People’s Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm
UK47
(3 Wo.)UK
1991Can I Kick It?
People’s Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm
UK15
Silber
Silber

(7 Wo.)UK
I Left My Wallet in El Segundo
People’s Instinctive Remixes
UK86
(1 Wo.)UK
Remix von Norman Cook
1992Scenario
The Low End Theory
US57
(15 Wo.)US
1993Award Tour
Midnight Marauders
US47
(18 Wo.)US
1994Electric Relaxation
Midnight Marauders
US65
(9 Wo.)US
Oh My God
Midnight Marauders
UK81
(2 Wo.)UK
19961nce Again
Beats, Rhymes and Life
UK34
(2 Wo.)UK
Stressed Out
Beats, Rhymes and Life
UK33
(2 Wo.)UK
1997Rumble in the Jungle
When We Were Kings (Soundtrack)
DE85
(1 Wo.)DE
UK3
(12 Wo.)UK
mit Fugees, Busta Rhymes und John Forté
Jam
Beats, Rhymes and Life
UK61
(1 Wo.)UK
1998Find a Way
The Love Movement
UK41
(2 Wo.)UK
US71
(7 Wo.)US
2016We the People…
We Got It from Here… Thank You 4 Your Service
US77
(1 Wo.)US

Weitere Singles

  • 1989: Description of a Fool
  • 1990: I Left My Wallet in El Segundo
  • 1991: Check the Rhime
  • 1991: Jazz (We’ve Got)
  • 1992: Luck of Lucien (Tom and Jerry Remix)
  • 1992: Can I Kick It? (Boilerhouse Remix)
  • 1992: Hot Sex
  • 1998: Like It Like That

Auszeichnungen für Musikverkäufe

Goldene Schallplatte

  • KanadaKanada Kanada
    • 1996: für das Album Beats, Rhymes and Life
    • 1998: für das Album The Love Movement

Anmerkung: Auszeichnungen in Ländern aus den Charttabellen bzw. Chartboxen sind in ebendiesen zu finden.

Land/RegionAus­zeich­nung­en für Mu­sik­ver­käu­fe
(Land/Region, Auszeichnungen, Verkäufe, Quellen)
Silver record icon.svg SilberGold record icon.svg GoldPlatinum record icon.svg PlatinVer­käu­feQuel­len
Kanada (MC) Kanada (MC)0! SGold record icon.svg 2× Gold20! P100.000musiccanada.com
Vereinigte Staaten (RIAA) Vereinigte Staaten (RIAA)0! SGold record icon.svg 3× Gold3Platinum record icon.svg 3× Platin34.500.000riaa.com
Vereinigtes Königreich (BPI) Vereinigtes Königreich (BPI)Silver record icon.svg 2× Silber20! G0! P260.000bpi.co.uk
InsgesamtSilver record icon.svg 2× Silber2Gold record icon.svg 5× Gold5Platinum record icon.svg 3× Platin3

Literatur

  • Hanif Abdurraqib: Go Ahead in the Rain: Notes to A Tribe Called Quest. University of Texas Press, Austin 2019, ISBN 978-1-4773-1648-1.

Weblinks

Commons: A Tribe Called Quest – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien

Einzelnachweise

  1. A Tribe Called Quest. In: atribecalledquest.com. Abgerufen am 21. November 2016.
  2. A Tribe Called Quest to Disband After Two More Concerts auf Rolling Stone.com, abgerufen am 5. September 2015
  3. A Tribe Called Quest kündigen letztes Album an auf Musikexpress.de, abgerufen am 30. Oktober 2016
  4. Daniel Sander: Fette Beats, böses Blut, Artikel vom 7. Juni 2012 auf Spiegel.de, abgerufen am 7. Juni 2012.
  5. SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg Germany: Abgehört - neue Musik: Mit dem Tribe gegen Trump. In: SPIEGEL ONLINE. Abgerufen am 18. November 2016.
  6. a b c Chartquellen: DE AT CH UK US

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