Alice Cooper ¦ School’s Out

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GTIN: 0603497840991 Artist: Genres & Stile: ,

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Veröffentlichung School’s Out:

1972

Hörbeispiel(e) School’s Out:

School’s Out auf Wikipedia (oder andere Quellen):

School’s Out ist das fünfte Studioalbum von Alice Cooper und bedeutete den Durchbruch für die Band, die bis dahin lediglich in den USA, dem Vereinigten Königreich und Kanada in den Charts vertreten war.

Titelliste

  1. School’s Out (Alice Cooper, Glen Buxton, Michael Bruce, Dennis Dunaway, Neal Smith) – 3:34
  2. Luney Tune (Cooper, Dunaway) – 3:36
  3. Gutter Cat vs. the Jets (Buxton, Dunaway, Leonard Bernstein, Stephen Sondheim) – 4:39
  4. Street Fight (Cooper, Buxton, Bruce, Dunaway, Smith) – 0:55
  5. Blue Turk (Cooper, Bruce) – 5:29
  6. My Stars (Cooper, Bob Ezrin) – 5:46
  7. Public Animal #9 (Cooper, Bruce) – 3:53
  8. Alma Mater (Smith) – 3:39
  9. Grande Finale (Cooper, Buxton, Bruce, Dunaway, Ezrin, Smith, Mack David, Bernstein) – 4:35

Erfolg

School’s Out war das erste Album Alice Coopers, das auch den Einstieg in die deutschen und österreichischen Charts schaffte. In Deutschland stieg es bis auf Platz 3 und hielt sich 12 Wochen in den Top 10, während es in Österreich bis auf Platz 8 kam und sich 12 Wochen in den Charts hielt. Im Vereinigten Königreich und den USA konnte ebenfalls die erste Top-10-Platzierung erreicht werden. In Kanada stieg das Album am 15. Juli 1972 auf Platz 45[2] ein und erreichte innerhalb eines Monats die Spitzenposition.[3]

Das Album verkaufte sich bisher mehr als eine Million Mal und erreichte am 19. September 1990 Platin-Status.[4]

Rezeption

Greg Prato von Allmusic vergab 4,5/5 Sternen. Er führt den Erfolg in erster Linie auf das gleichnamige Titellied zurück, das er als zeitlosen Klassiker betrachtet. Im Vergleich zu den Vorgängeralben Love It to Death und Killer, auf denen einige Hard-Rock-Klassiker zu finden waren, erscheint School’s Out als Konzeptalbum. Lieder wie Gutter Cat vs. the Jets, Street Fight, My Stars und Grand Finale seien wie kleine Epen arrangiert, obgleich Alice Cooper es bewerkstelligen konnte, ihren rauen und ungeschliffenen Stil beizubehalten.[5]

Ben Gerson vom Rolling Stone zieht ebenfalls den Vergleich mit den Vorgängeralben und kommt zu dem Schluss, dass nicht alle Lieder auf School’s Out als Rockmusik bezeichnet werden können. Vieles sei Musik, wie sie in Broadwaystücken gespielt oder für Filmsoundtracks verwendet würde. Dennoch sei es ein anspruchsvolles Album.[6]

Einzelnachweise

  1. Charts DE Charts AT Charts UK Charts US
  2. collectionscanada.gc.ca: Charteinstieg (Memento des Originals vom 25. Dezember 2011 im Internet Archive)  Info: Der Archivlink wurde automatisch eingesetzt und noch nicht geprüft. Bitte prüfe Original- und Archivlink gemäß Anleitung und entferne dann diesen Hinweis.@1@2Vorlage:Webachiv/IABot/www.collectionscanada.gc.ca
  3. collectionscanada.gc.ca: Höchstplatzierung in Kanada (Memento desOriginals vom 10. Januar 2016 im Internet Archive)  Info: Der Archivlink wurde automatisch eingesetzt und noch nicht geprüft. Bitte prüfe Original- und Archivlink gemäß Anleitung und entferne dann diesen Hinweis.@1@2Vorlage:Webachiv/IABot/www.collectionscanada.gc.ca
  4. riaa.com: School’s Out Platin-Status
  5. allmusic.com: Review von Greg Prato
  6. rollingstone.com: Review von Ben Gerson

Artist(s)

Veröffentlichungen von Alice Cooper die im OTRS erhältlich sind/waren:

Killer ¦ School's Out ¦ Billion Dollar Babies

Alice Cooper auf Wikipedia (oder andere Quellen):

Alice Cooper, also known as the Alice Cooper Group or the Alice Cooper Band, was an American rock band formed in Phoenix, Arizona, in 1968. The band consisted of lead singer Vincent Furnier (who adopted the stage name Alice Cooper), Glen Buxton (lead guitar), Michael Bruce (rhythm guitar, keyboards), Dennis Dunaway (bass guitar), and Neal Smith (drums). The band was notorious for their elaborate, theatrical shock rock stage shows.[3]

The Alice Cooper band was one of the few glam rock acts to achieve mainstream popularity in the United States, rising to fame in 1971 with the hit single "I'm Eighteen", from their third album Love It to Death. Success continued with the US top 10 and UK No. 1 single "School's Out", from the album of the same name, in 1972. The band peaked in popularity in 1973 with their next album Billion Dollar Babies, which topped the album charts in America and Britain and spun off three UK top 10 singles. The supporting tour broke box-office records previously held by the Rolling Stones. The band split up in 1974, but Vincent Furnier legally changed his name to Alice Cooper and began a successful solo career. In 2011, the original Alice Cooper band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[4]

History

Formative years: The Spiders

In 1964, 16-year-old Furnier, then a student at Cortez High School, was eager to participate in the local annual Letterman's talent show, so he gathered four teammates from his high school's cross-country team to form a group for the show: Glen Buxton, Dennis Dunaway, John Tatum and John Speer.[5] They named themselves the Earwigs.[6] They dressed up in costumes and wigs to resemble the Beatles, and performed several parodies of Beatles songs, with the lyrics modified to refer to the track team: in their rendition of "Please Please Me", for example, the line "Last night I said these words to my girl" was replaced with "Last night I ran four laps for my coach".[7] Of the group, only Buxton and Tatum knew how to play an instrument—the guitar—so Buxton and Tatum played guitars while the rest mimed on their instruments.[8] The group got an overwhelming response from the audience and won the talent show. As a result of their positive experience, the group decided to try to turn into a real band. They acquired musical instruments from a local pawn shop, and proceeded to learn how to play them, with Buxton doing most of the teaching, as well as much of the early songwriting.[8] They soon renamed themselves the Spiders, featuring Furnier on vocals, Buxton on lead guitar, Tatum on rhythm guitar, Dunaway on bass guitar, and Speer on drums.[6] Musically, the group was inspired by artists such as the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, the Who, the Kinks, the Doors, and the Yardbirds. For the next year the band performed regularly around the Phoenix area with a huge black spider's web as their backdrop, the group's first stage prop.[6]

In 1965, the Spiders recorded their first single, "Why Don't You Love Me". The single's B-side track was the Marvin Gaye Tamla Records hit, "Hitch Hike". The single was released by local record label, Mascot Records, owned by Jack Curtis, a concert promoter who also owned the Stage 7 teen club which later became the VIP Club where the Spiders were the house band. At the VIP Club the band supported bands including the Lovin' Spoonful, the Yardbirds, Them, the Animals, the Kinks and the Byrds.[9]

In 1966, the Spiders graduated from high school and after North High School footballer Michael Bruce replaced John Tatum on rhythm guitar, the band released their second single, "Don't Blow Your Mind", an original composition which became a local #1 hit, backed by "No Price Tag". The single was recorded at Copper State Recording Studio and issued by local micro-imprint, Santa Cruz Records.[6]

By 1967, the band had begun to make regular road trips to Los Angeles to play shows. They soon renamed themselves Nazz and released the single "Wonder Who's Lovin' Her Now", backed with future Alice Cooper track "Lay Down and Die, Goodbye". Around this time, drummer John Speer was replaced by Neal Smith. By the end of the year, the band had relocated to Los Angeles.[6][10] In Los Angeles, the band's lifestyle involved regular car trips into the desert. Activities included shooting rabbits with a 0.22 rifle. In 1967, Neal Smith moved into the range of Furnier's rifle as the latter was about to fire. Smith was hit in the ankle. He has the fragment in his ankle to this day.[11] Around this time, the band and three others were driving in Los Angeles in a van. An incident on the road caused the driver to lose control of the van and it went off the road rolling over four times. The van was destroyed, but all band members and the three other passengers survived without serious injury.[12]

New band name: Alice Cooper

In 1968, the band learned that Todd Rundgren also had a band called the Nazz, and found themselves in need of another stage name. Furnier also believed that the group needed a gimmick to succeed, and that other bands were not exploiting the showmanship potential of the stage.[6] The legend is that the name "Alice Cooper" came from a session with a Ouija board, largely chosen because it sounded innocuous and wholesome, in humorous contrast to the band's image and music. However, in an interview with Mark Radcliffe on the Radcliffe and Maconie show on BBC Radio 2 on November 30, 2009, Vince Furnier described the incident with the ouija board as an urban legend. He said "We literally got that whole story about the witch thing the way you guys got it. It was like just pure urban legend. I heard about the witch thing probably the same day you did, but it was a great story."[13] Eventually Furnier adopted this stage name as his own from 1969 onwards, being referred to as Alice Cooper on the cover of the band's debut album.[14] He recalled:

We were called the Nazz and we found out about Todd Rundgren's band who were called the Nazz. So I said let's not come up with a name that's dark, because they're expecting that. I said, "What if we sounded like we were somebody's aunt?" It was kind of like the all-American, sweet little old lady name. And I wasn't Alice Cooper. I was just the singer in the band Alice Cooper, like Manfred Mann. Pretty soon everybody called me Alice, they just assumed that the singer's name was Alice. So, at that point, I legally changed my name to Alice Cooper. It was a total outrage at the time. Now it's a household name.[15]

The singer considers the name change one of his most important and successful career moves.[16]

The classic Alice Cooper group line-up consisted of Furnier, lead guitarist Glen Buxton, rhythm guitarist Michael Bruce, bassist Dennis Dunaway and drummer Neal Smith – all former members of the Spiders. This lineup stayed intact through 1974.[6][17]

The band's first gig that used the name Alice Cooper was on March 16, 1968, at Earl Warren Fairgrounds in Santa Barbara. The posters still showed the band as the Nazz.[18] After a 1968 gig at the Cheetah club in Venice, California, where most of the club's patrons left after hearing the band play just ten minutes, they were approached by music manager Shep Gordon, who saw the band's negative impact that night as a force that could be turned in a more productive direction.[19] Shep arranged an audition for the band with renowned musical artist and record producer Frank Zappa, who was looking to sign bizarre music acts to his new record label, Straight Records. Zappa told them to come to his house "at 7 o'clock" for an audition. The band mistakenly assumed he meant 7 o'clock in the morning. Being woken up by a band willing to play that particular brand of music at seven in the morning impressed Zappa enough for him to sign them to a three-album deal.[19] "Frank was the only one who stuck out his neck for us, for me," recalled Furnier himself. "He was the one who said, 'Here's a band that everybody in the business is laughing at – I like 'em.' … He was the outcast in L.A. and so were we."[20] The first three Alice Cooper albums were released on Zappa's Straight label.

Another Zappa-signed act, the all-female GTOs, were encouraged to dress up the Alice Cooper band members in women's clothing and heavy makeup, and played a major role in developing the band's early onstage look.[21]

In June 1969, Alice Cooper released its first album, Pretties for You, which barely cracked the Billboard Top 200 albums chart at No. 193. The band was the subject of media criticism after Furnier threw a live chicken into the audience during the 1969 Toronto Rock 'n' Roll Revival Festival. The audience ripped the chicken, whose name was Dutchess, to shreds.[22]

In March 1970, the band released the album Easy Action, which did not chart. Also in 1970, the band had two songs ("Titanic Overture" and "Refrigerator Heaven") that appeared on a Warner Bros sampler album, Zapped, featuring acts produced by Zappa.[23]

Finding success

The band touring for Killer, 1972

Slow sales of the band's first two albums, as well as Californians' indifference to their act, led the band to relocate again in 1970, this time to Pontiac, Michigan near Furnier's original home town of Detroit. Here, their bizarre stage act was much better received by Midwestern crowds accustomed to the proto punk styles of local bands such as the Stooges and the MC5. "L.A. just didn't get it," Furnier stated. "They were all on the wrong drug for us. They were on acid and we were basically drinking beer. We fit much more in Detroit than we did anywhere else."[24]

Hooking up with young producer Bob Ezrin, Alice Cooper released the single "I'm Eighteen" in November 1970, and it became a surprise Top 40 hit by early 1971. The single's success convinced Warner Bros that the band could be a viable commercial act, leading to much stronger investment in the third Alice Cooper album, Love It to Death. The album was initially released on Straight Records, but was reissued on the Warner label following its buyout of the imprint from Zappa, giving Alice Cooper even greater exposure. Under Ezrin's direction, the band's sound moved from psychedelic rock to a tighter, guitar-driven hard rock sound, even as much of the lyrical content continued to explore "decadence, perversion and psychosis."[25]

In 1971 the band was doing its first headliner tour. Backstage at a gig in Florida, a young woman came in with a boa constrictor coiled around her arm. This gave Furnier a fright, and after experiencing this kind of reaction, the idea of using a snake in the stage performance began.[26] With Love It to Death and its follow-up album Killer both charting well, the band was able to afford a more elaborate stage show, including sophisticated props and elements of gothic horror, and they became a highly popular concert attraction in the US and UK over the next few years.[27] Calls by members of British Parliament in 1972 to have the group banned from performing in the UK only solidified the band's legend,[28] and the next year's Billion Dollar Babies tour broke box office records. Cindy Dunaway (Neal Smith's sister who married Dennis Dunaway) designed the band's costumes and occasionally performed in the stage show (she was the "dancing tooth" on the Billion Dollar Babies tour).[29][30] A 1973 gig in São Paulo, Brazil, was performed in front of 158,000 people. The Guinness Book of World Records gave the band the world record for playing in front of the biggest indoor audience ever.[31]

Following Killer, Alice Cooper released three more top ten albums, the pinnacle being 1973's Billion Dollar Babies which rose all the way to No. 1 on the US and UK album charts. The band headlined highly successful tours from 1972 to 1974, before breaking up. The band made so much money in 1973 and 1974 that Furnier appeared on the cover of Forbes Magazine in 1973. The article listed him among the highest-earning American "music superstars": "Lounging in a $160-a-day Beverly Hills Hotel suite, Alice Cooper, who's a he, ..."[32][33]

Breakup of the original band

The original Alice Cooper band played their final show on April 8, 1974, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[34] There are varying reasons former band members have given for the breakup. Smith said the members wanted to take a year off to slow down and possibly do solo projects, and just never reunited. Cooper said there was disagreement over how much money to sink back into stage shows, which had become costly. Bruce contends that Buxton's issues with substance abuse, which at one time led him to pull a switchblade on the band's tour manager, likely hastened the breakup.[35]

The breakup was made public in 1975.[36] Vincent Furnier continued using his stage name "Alice Cooper", carrying on with a new group of musicians. He also adopted the name legally.[30][37]

The four surviving original members of Alice Cooper at Wembley Arena in November 2017

Bruce, Dunaway and Smith would go on to form the short-lived band Billion Dollar Babies, producing one album – Battle Axe – in 1977. While occasionally performing with one another and Glen Buxton, they would not reunite with Alice until October 23, 1999, at the second Glen Buxton Memorial Weekend for a show at CoopersTown in Phoenix (Buxton having died in 1997). They reunited for another show, with Steve Hunter on guitar, on December 16, 2010, at the Dodge Theatre in Phoenix.[38] This lineup would perform together again (televised) on March 14, 2011, at the induction of the original Alice Cooper group into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, as well as on May 11, 2011, at London's Battersea Power Station at the Jägermeister Ice Cold 4D event (webcast). Bruce, Dunaway and Smith appeared on three tracks they co-wrote on Alice's 2011 album Welcome 2 My Nightmare.

A documentary about the band entitled Super Duper Alice Cooper premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival on April 17, 2014, and was scheduled to be screened at the Hot Docs Canadian International Documentary Festival a week later.[22]

On October 6, 2015, a surprise reunion show took place in Dallas at Dunaway's book signing session. He was joined by Bruce, Smith, Cooper and Ryan Roxie, who replaced the late Glen Buxton.[39][40][41] The surviving members of the band were set to record and release an album.[42] However, the only material to surface was two bonus tracks on Cooper's 27th studio album Paranormal.

The four surviving original members reunited again for a five-song set on May 14, 2017, at a show in Nashville, Tennessee.[43] The four reunited yet again later that same year for a UK tour.[44]

In 2021, the surviving members of the band reunited for Cooper's Detroit Stories album. Producer Bob Ezrin as well as Cooper himself have hinted that a new album with the surviving members may be possible.[45]

Band members

Original band members

Additional members 1973–1974

Timeline

Discography

Studio albums

Compilations

References

  1. ^ P. Auslander, Performing Glam Rock: Gender and Theatricality in Popular Music (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2006), ISBN 0-472-06868-7, p. 34.
  2. ^ "List of proto-punk bands".
  3. ^ Waksman, Steve (2009). This Ain't the Summer of Love: Conflict and Crossover in Heavy Metal and Punk. University of California Press. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-520-94388-9.
  4. ^ "Rock Hall makes it official: Alice Cooper, Neil Diamond among new class". SoundSpike. December 15, 2010. Archived from the original on December 18, 2010. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  5. ^ Cooper describes in detail in his first autobiography, Me, Alice, how he was tasked with organizing an act for the show.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Harkima, Reginald, Scott McFayden and Sam Dunn, dir. Super Duper Alice Cooper. Banger Films, 2014. DVD.
  7. ^ Masley, Ed (June 6, 2015). "Alice Cooper bandmates reflect on their historic past". The Arizona Republic.
  8. ^ a b Rodgers, Larry (October 1999). "Rock lifestyle caught up with Cooper guitarist Glen Buxton". The Arizona Republic.
  9. ^ Alice Cooper Golf Monster (2007) ISBN 978 1 84513 358 0 p36
  10. ^ Alice Cooper Golf Monster (2007) ISBN 978 1 84513 358 0 p59
  11. ^ Alice Cooper Golf Monster (2007)ISBN 978 1 84513 358 0 p39-41
  12. ^ Alice Cooper Golf Monster (2007)ISBN 978 1 84513 358 0 p55-56
  13. ^ "The Radcliffe and Maconie Show." Guest Alice Cooper. BBC Radio 2. Episode 30 November 2009.
  14. ^ "Alice Cooper - Pretties For You". Discogs. Retrieved May 20, 2022. The cover says: "ALICE COOPER: vocals and harmonica"
  15. ^ "'…the singer's name was Alice'". Shreveport Times. May 8, 2017. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  16. ^ "Alice Cooper's name change". Contactmusic.com. November 7, 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  17. ^ Larson, Tom (2004). History of Rock and Roll. Kendall Hunt. p. 188. ISBN 9780787299699. Retrieved October 13, 2015 – via Google Books.
  18. ^ Alice Cooper Golf Monster (2007)ISBN 978 1 84513 358 0 p57
  19. ^ a b Super Duper Alice Cooper. Dir. Reginald Harkima, Scott McFayden, and Sam Dunn. Banger Films in association with Eagle Rock Entertainment, the Movie Network, and Movie Central. 2014 – documentary
  20. ^ "Alice Cooper". Mojo. March 2002.
  21. ^ "Miss Christine". SickthingsUK. November 5, 1972. Archived from the original on April 20, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  22. ^ a b Howell, Peter. "Toronto 'chicken incident' sparked rage". Toronto Star, April 24, 2014.
  23. ^ "Various - Zapped @ discogs". discogs.com. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  24. ^ Dominic, Serene (October 8, 2003). "Alice doesn't live here anymore. But he can't forget the Motor City". Metro Times. Retrieved July 15, 2008.
  25. ^ "Alice Cooper – American Rock Group". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  26. ^ Alice Cooper Golf Monster (2007) ISBN 978 1 84513 358 0 p83
  27. ^ Earlwine, Stephen Thomas. "Artist Biography – Alice Cooper". allmusic. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  28. ^ "Loads More Mr Nice Guy". Alice Cooper eChive. October 19, 2001. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  29. ^ Walker, Michael. What You Want Is in the Limo: On the Road With Led Zeppelin, Alice Cooper, and the Who in 1973, the Year the Sixties Died and the Modern Rock Star Was Born. Random House LLC, 2013.
  30. ^ a b Prown, Pete; Newquist, Harvey P. (March 16, 1948). Legends of Rock Guitar: The Essential Reference of Rock's Greatest Guitarists – Pete Prown, HP Newquist – Google Books. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 9780793540426. Retrieved August 9, 2014 – via Google Books.
  31. ^ Alice Cooper Golf Monster (2007) ISBN 978 1 84513 358 0 p102-103
  32. ^ Alice Cooper Golf Monster (2007) ISBN 978 1 84513 358 0 p111
  33. ^ Forbes, April 15, 1973. THE ROCKERS ARE ROLLING IN IT AMERICA'S YOUNG ARE SHOWERING MORE THAN ADULATION ON THEIR FAVORITES. THERE ARE AT LEAST 50 ROCK SUPERSTARS WHOSE INCOMES MAKE HAROLD GENEEN'S LOOK LIKE SMALL CHANGE.
  34. ^ "Billion Dollar Babies Gigography". alicecooperechive.com. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  35. ^ Rodgers, Larry (March 8, 2011). "Rock lifestyle caught up with Cooper guitarist Glen Buxton". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  36. ^ "40 Years Ago: The Alice Cooper Band Release Their Final Album". Ultimateclassicrock.com. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  37. ^ "Alice Cooper Has Revealed the Only Musician Who Calls Him By His Birth Name…". I Like Your Old Stuff. March 9, 2021.
  38. ^ "Alice Cooper – Dennis Dunaway Interview". YouTube. October 30, 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  39. ^ "Good Records – Original Alice Cooper Group Snakes! Book..." Facebook. October 6, 2015. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  40. ^ "Check Out Exclusive Photos + the Inside Story on Alice Cooper's Surprise Reunion". Ultimate Classic Rock. October 7, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  41. ^ "Video Footage Of ALICE COOPER's Surprise Reunion". Blabbermouth.net. October 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  42. ^ DiVita, Joe (May 11, 2016). "Original Alice Cooper Band to Reunite for New Album". Loudwire. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  43. ^ "ALICE COOPER Reunites With Original Band Members For Nashville Performance (Video)". Blabbermouth.net. May 14, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  44. ^ "ALICE COOPER REUNITES ORIGINAL BAND FOR 2017 UK TOUR". alicecooper.com. September 29, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  45. ^ Kielty, Martin (April 10, 2021). "Original Alice Cooper Group Still Angry with Late Glen Buxton". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved April 12, 2021.

External links