Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five ¦ The Message

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Veröffentlichung The Message:

1982

Hörbeispiel(e) The Message:

The Message auf Wikipedia (oder andere Quellen):

The Message is the debut studio album of American hip hop group Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, released on October 3, 1982 by Sugar Hill Records. It features the influential title track and hip-hop single "The Message".

Release and reception

Retrospective professional reviews
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[2]
Christgau's Record Guide: The '80sA–[3]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music[4]
The New Rolling Stone Album Guide[5]
Pitchfork6.4/10[6]
Tom Hull – on the WebA−[7]

The Message was released in October 1982 by Sugar Hill Records.[8] The album charted at number 53 in the United States and at number 77 in the United Kingdom.[8]

Reviewing in December 1982 for The New York Times, Robert Palmer hailed The Message as the year's best album and explained that while the emerging rap genre had often been criticized for confining itself to "bragging and boasting ... The Message is different. It's a gritty, plain-spoken, vividly cinematic portrait of black street life...social realism has rarely worked well in a pop-music context, but The Message is an utterly convincing cry of frustration and despair that cannot be ignored."[9] Robert Christgau ranked it as the 21st best album of 1982 his list for The Village Voice's annual Pazz & Jop critics' poll.[10] In Christgau's Record Guide: The '80s (1990), he wrote that, although "She's Fresh" is the "only instant killer", each song's attempt to experiment and "touch a lot of bases with a broad demographic ... justifies itself".[3]

According to music journalist Tom Breihan, The Message was a "singles-plus filler cash-in" that proved "a fascinating time capsule of rap's early attempts with the album format" as well as "a full-length artistic breakthrough, a rap album that earned respect on its own terms".[11] In a retrospective review, AllMusic's Ron Wynn called it the "ultimate peak" for Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, naming the title track as its highlight.[2] Miles Marshall Lewis, reviewing the album's 2002 British reissue in The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004), cited "The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel" as the "clincher" and "the only prime-period example of Flash's ability to set and shatter moods, with his turntables and faders running through a collage of at least 10 records that sound like hundreds."[5] Mark Richardson from Pitchfork said that The Message featured "two absolutely essential songs"—the title track and "Scorpio," which he dubbed "the greatest early electro track." However, he felt the rest of the songs were inferior.[6] The album was also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[12]

Track listing

No.TitleComposer(s)Length
1."She's Fresh"Milton Edwards, Bobbie Knight4:57
2."It's Nasty"Clifton Chase, Melvin Glover, Sylvia Robinson, Tom Tom Club4:19
3."Scorpio"Melvin Glover, Nathaniel Glover Jr, Eddie Morris, Keith Wiggins, Guy Williams4:55
4."It's a Shame (Mt. Airy Groove)"Stevie Wonder, Syreeta Wright, Lee Garrett, Curtis Harmon, James Lloyd, Cedric Napoleon4:57
5."Dreamin'"Melvin Glover, Nathaniel Glover Jr, Gary Henry, Eddie Morris, Keith Wiggins, Guy Williams5:47
6."You Are"Gary Henry4:51
7."The Message"Clifton Chase, Edward Fletcher, Melvin Glover, Sylvia Robinson7:12
1982 UK LP[13] / 2002 European CD reissue
No.TitleComposer(s)Length
8."The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel"Sylvia Robinson, Melvin Glover, Gabrielle Jackson, Jiggs Chase, Gwendolyn Chisolm, Cheryl Cook, Michael Wright, Guy O'Brien, John Richard Deacon, Joseph Saddler, Angela Brown7:06
2010 expanded edition
No.TitleComposer(s)Length
8."Message II (Survival)"Sylvia Robinson, Melvin Glover6:46
9."New York, New York"Sylvia Robinson, Edward G Fletcher, Reginald Lamar Griffin, Melvin Glover7:19
10."The Adventures of Grandmaster Himself"Unknown - see '2010 Expanded Edition' notes5:45
11."The Message (Instrumental Version)"Edward G Fletcher, Clifton Chase, Sylvia Robinson, Melvin Glover7:11
2019 Record Store Day blue double vinyl expanded edition
No.TitleComposer(s)Length
8."The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel"Sylvia Robinson, Melvin Glover, Gabrielle Jackson, Clifton Chase, Gwendolyn Chisolm, Cheryl Cook, Michael Wright, Guy O'Brien, John Richard Deacon, Joseph Saddler, Angela Brown7:06
9."The Message (Instrumental Version)"Edward G Fletcher, Clifton Chase, Sylvia Robinson, Melvin Glover7:08
10."New York, New York"Sylvia Robinson, Edward G Fletcher, Reginald Lamar Griffin, Melvin Glover7:25
11."Message II (Survival)"Sylvia Robinson, Melvin Glover6:46
12."The Birthday Party"Sylvia Robinson, Melvin Glover8:19
13."Freedom (Instrumental Version)"Sylvia Robinson8:13
Sample credits

Personnel

  • Grandmaster Flash (Joseph Saddler) – turntables, drum programming, Flashformer transform DJ device, background vocals
  • Keef Cowboy (Keith Wiggins) – lead and background vocals, writer and arranger
  • Grandmaster Melle Mel (Melvin Glover) – lead and background vocals, writer and arranger
  • The Kidd Creole (Nathaniel Glover Jr.) – lead and background vocals, writer and arranger
  • Scorpio (Eddie Morris) – lead and background vocals, writer and arranger
  • Rahiem (Guy Todd Williams) – lead and background vocals, writer and arranger
  • Doug Wimbish - bass
  • Skip McDonald - guitar
  • Reggie Griffin, Jiggs, Sylvia Robinson - Prophet Sequential
  • Gary Henry, Dwain Mitchell - keyboards
  • Keith Leblanc - drums
  • Ed Fletcher - percussion
  • Chops Horn Section - brass

Charts

Album

Chart (1982)Peak
position
New Zealand Albums (RIANZ)[14]14
UK Albums Chart[8]77
U.S. Billboard 200[8]53
U.S. Top Black Albums[15]8
Chart (1983)Peak
position
Australian (Kent Music Report)78[16]

Singles

YearSinglePeak chart positions
U.S. Hot 100
[17][18]
U.S. R&B
[17][18]
U.S. Club PlayNZ
[14]
UK
[19][20]
1981"It's Nasty (Genius of Love)"22
"Scorpio"3077
[20]
1982"The Message"6241228

References

  1. ^ "The Message".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ a b Wynn, Ron. "The Message - Furious Five, Grandmaster Flash, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five". Allmusic. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Christgau 1990, p. 270.
  4. ^ Larkin 2006, p. 308.
  5. ^ a b Lewis et al. 2004, p. 341.
  6. ^ a b Richardson, Mark (July 14, 2005). "Grandmaster Flash / Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five: The Message / They Said it Couldn't Be Done". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
  7. ^ Hull, Tom (April 26, 2021). "Music Week". Tom Hull – on the Web. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d Strong 2004, p. 619.
  9. ^ Palmer, Robert (December 22, 1982). "The Pop Life". The New York Times. New York. Retrieved February 14, 2021.
  10. ^ Christgau, Robert (February 22, 1983). "Pazz & Jop 1982: Dean's List". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
  11. ^ Breihan, Tom (August 24, 2020). "1982: Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five—the Message". sole.digital. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  12. ^ Dimery, Robert; Lydon, Michael (2006). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. New York City: Universe. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5.
  13. ^ Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five - The Message (Vinyl, LP, Album). Discogs. Retrieved on July 27, 2010.
  14. ^ a b "Discography Grandmaster Flash". charts.nz. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
  15. ^ "The Message - Furious Five, Grandmaster Flash, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five : Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
  16. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 129. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  17. ^ a b "Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five". Rolling Stone. July 8, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  18. ^ a b Billboard chartings. Accessed October 17, 2009.
  19. ^ "The Official Charts Company - Grandmaster Flash And The Furious Five". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 27, 2010.
  20. ^ a b "The Official Charts Company – Grandmaster Flash". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 27, 2010.

Bibliography

External links

Artist(s)

Veröffentlichungen von Grandmaster Flash die im OTRS erhältlich sind/waren:

The Message

Grandmaster Flash auf Wikipedia (oder andere Quellen):

Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958), popularly known by his stage name Grandmaster Flash, is an American DJ and rapper. He is considered to be one of the pioneers of Hip Hop DJing, cutting, scratching and mixing. Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2007, becoming the first Hip Hop act to be honored.[2] In 2019 he won the Polar Music Prize. On May 21, 2022, he acquired an honorary doctorate in Fine Arts from Buffalo State College.

Early life, family and education

Saddler's family immigrated to the United States from Barbados. He was raised in the Bronx, New York City, where he attended Samuel Gompers High School, a public vocational school. There, he learned how to repair electronic equipment.[3] Saddler's parents played an important role in his interest in music. His father was a fan of Caribbean and African American recordings.[4]

During his childhood, Joseph Saddler was fascinated by his father's record collection. In an interview, he reflected: "My father was a very heavy record collector.... I used to open his closets and just watch all the records he had. I used to get into trouble for touching his records, but I'd go right back and bother them."[4] Saddler's early interest in DJing came from this fascination with his father's record collection as well as his mother's desire for him to educate himself in electronics.[5] After high school, he became involved in the earliest New York DJ scene, attending parties set up by early luminaries, like DJ Kool Herc and Disco King Mario.

Saddler's uncle Sandy Saddler was a featherweight boxing champion.

Innovations

A Technics SL-1200 turntable formerly belonging to Grandmaster Flash is exhibited as a symbol for hip-hop culture in the National Museum of American History.

Grandmaster Flash carefully studied the styles and techniques of earlier DJs, particularly Pete Jones, Kool Herc, and Grandmaster Flowers.[6] As a teenager, he began experimenting with DJ gear in his bedroom, eventually developing and mastering three innovations that are still considered standard DJing techniques today.

  • Backspin technique (or quick-mix theory): Early New York party DJs came to understand that short drum breaks were popular with party audiences. Kool Herc began experimenting with the use of two identical tracks to extend the ‘break’, or instrumental section, resulting in what was known as ‘break-beat’. Grandmaster Flash perfected this technique where he could play the break on one record while searching for the same fragment of music on the other with the aid of his headphones. When the break finished on one turntable, he used his mixer to switch quickly to the other turntable, where the same beat was cued up and ready to play. Using the backspin technique (also referred to as beat juggling), the same short phrase of music could be looped indefinitely.
  • Punch phrasing (or clock theory): This technique involved isolating very short segments of music, typically horn hits, and rhythmically punching them over the sustained beat using the mixer.
  • Scratching: Although the invention of record scratching as a form of adding to the musical entertainment is generally credited to Grand Wizzard Theodore, Grandmaster Flash perfected the technique and brought it to new audiences. Scratching, along with punch phrasing, exhibited a unique aspect of party DJing: instead of passively spinning records, he manipulated them to create new music.[7]

Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five

1970s

Grandmaster Flash played parties and collaborated with rappers such as Kurtis Blow and Lovebug Starski. In the late 1970s, he formed his own group. The original lineup consisted of Cowboy (Keef Cowboy), Melle Mel (Melvin Glover) and The Kidd Creole (AKA Kidd Creole/Nathaniel Glover), and the ensemble went by the name "Grandmaster Flash & the 3 MCs". Cowboy created the term hip hop.[8][9] He created the term while teasing a friend who had just joined the U.S. Army, by scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of soldiers marching.[8][9][10] Cowboy later worked the "hip hop" cadence into a part of his stage performance.[8][9][11]

Mel was the first rapper to call himself "MC" (Master of Ceremony). Two other rappers briefly joined, but they were replaced more permanently by Rahiem (Guy Todd Williams, previously in the Funky Four) and Scorpio (Eddie Morris, a.k.a. Mr. Ness) to make Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. Quickly gaining recognition for their skillful raps, Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five pioneered MCing and freestyle battles. Some of the staple phrases in MCing have their origins in the early shows and recordings of the group. In 1978, the new group began performing regularly at Disco Fever in the Bronx, one of the first times a hip-hop group was given a weekly gig at a well-known venue.[12]

Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five were signed to Bobby Robinson's Enjoy Records and in 1979 released their first single, "Superrappin'".

1980s

In 1980 they signed to Sugar Hill Records and began touring and releasing numerous singles. The seminal "The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel", released in 1981, is a 7-minute solo showcase of Grandmaster Flash's virtuosic turntable skills, combining elements of Blondie's "Rapture," Michael Viner's Incredible Bongo Band's "Apache," Queen's "Another One Bites the Dust," Chic's "Good Times," and the group's own "Freedom." It is also the first documented appearance of record scratching on a record. That year, the group opened for The Clash and were poorly received by an audience unaccustomed to the new style.[13] The group's most significant hit was the electro rap song "The Message" (1982), which was produced by in-house Sugar Hill producer Clifton "Jiggs" Chase and featured session musician Duke Bootee. Unlike earlier rap tunes, "The Message" featured a grim narrative about inner city violence, drugs, and poverty. In 2002, its first year of archival, it was one of 50 recordings chosen by the Library of Congress to be added to the National Recording Registry, the first hip hop recording ever to receive this honor. Critics praised the song's social awareness, calling the chorus "a slow chant seething with desperation and fury."[14]

Other than Melle Mel, no members of the group actually appear in the song. Rahiem lip-synced Duke Bootee's vocal in the music video. The same year, Grandmaster Flash appeared in the movie "Wild Style" and sued Sugar Hill over the non-payment of royalties. Tensions mounted as "The Message" gained in popularity, eventually leading to a rupture between Melle Mel and Grandmaster Flash. Soon the group disintegrated entirely. Grandmaster Flash, The Kidd Creole, and Rahiem left Sugar Hill, signed with Elektra Records, and continued on as simply "Grandmaster Flash", while Melle Mel and the others continued on as "Grandmaster Melle Mel & the Furious Five".

Grandmaster Flash was also interviewed in the 1986 cult documentary Big Fun in the Big Town.[15]

Although frequently credited on the records, Grandmaster Flash does not actually appear on "The Message," "Freedom," or many of the other Furious Five songs.[7] Although Grandmaster Flash provided the central element of the group's sound when performing live (in addition to giving the group its name), there was little room for his turntablism in early singles driven by the grooves of live session musicians. Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five reformed in 1987 for a charity concert, and in 1988 they released a new album. The group reunited again in 1994, although Cowboy died in 1989.

1990s

Grandmaster Flash performing in 1999

In 1999, Grandmaster Flash recorded with DJ Tomekk and Flavor Flav the single 1, 2, 3, ... Rhymes Galore. The single stayed for 17 weeks in the TOP ten of the German charts.[16]

2000s

In 2008 he released a memoir, The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash: My Life, My Beats,[17] in which he talks about the origins of his fascination with scratching records and creating new beats. From a young age, Flash talks about how he would sneak into his father's record room to watch the record player spin, and then get punished for touching the records. He found inspiration even from things not associated with music. The spokes of his bicycle caused an interest in how record players create music just by rotating a grooved disc. Flash continued to experiment by taking apart any machine he could get his hands on to figure out how it worked. His early work shows the innovative ways in which his artistic abilities led to what is considered the first evolution of hip hop culture.[18]

He hosted a weekly show on Sirius Satellite Radio (Friday Night Fire with Grandmaster Flash) and was presented with the BET "I Am Hip Hop Icon" award in 2006.[19]

Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five were the first hip-hop/rap group inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame on March 12, 2007 by Jay-Z.[20] In 2008, he remixed the single "Into the Galaxy" by the Australian group, Midnight Juggernauts.[21]

It has been said that "his pioneering mixing skills transformed the turntable into a true 'instrument', and his ability to get a crowd moving has made his DJ sets legendary."[22]

Grandmaster Flash appears in the video game DJ Hero as a playable character along with original mixes created for the game.[23]

Grandmaster Flash in 2009

In December 2011, Grandmaster Flash was reported to be at work on his 12th album.[24]

Aired in 2016, the Netflix original series The Get Down features a version of Grandmaster Flash that is played by Mamoudou Athie. The series takes place in 1977 New York City and follows the genesis of the DJing, B-boying, and hip-hop cultures of the city. After the premiere of The Get Down, Netflix premiered Hip-Hop Evolution, a music documentary discussing the history of hip hop in which Grandmaster Flash talks about the evolution of his art.

Discography

Albums

Album information
The Message
Greatest Messages
They Said It Couldn't Be Done
  • Released: 1985
  • Chart Positions: #35 Top R&B/Hip Hop
  • Last RIAA certification: Gold
  • Singles: "Girls Love The Way He Spins", "Sign Of The Times", "Alternate Groove", "Larry's Dance Theme"
The Source
  • Released: 1986
  • Chart positions: #145 US, #27 Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums,
  • Last RIAA certification: Gold
  • Singles: "Style (Peter Gunn Theme)", "Behind Closed Doors"
Ba-Dop-Boom-Bang
  • Released: 1987
  • Chart positions: #197 US, #43 Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums
  • Last RIAA certification: Gold
  • Singles: "U Know What Time It Is", "All Wrapped Up"
On the Strength
  • Released: 1988
  • Chart positions: #189 US
  • Last RIAA certification: Gold
  • Singles: "Gold", "Magic Carpet Ride"
Salsoul Jam 2000
  • Released: 1997
  • Chart positions: Did Not Chart
  • Last RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Spring Rain"
Flash Is Back
The Official Adventures of Grandmaster Flash
Essential Mix: Classic Edition
The Bridge - Concept of a Culture
  • Released: February 24, 2009
  • Chart positions:
  • U.S. Sales: 2,607
  • Last RIAA certification:
  • Singles: Swagger feat. Red Cafe, Snoop Dogg & Lynn Carter
  • Singles: Shine All Day feat. Q-Tip, Jumz & Kel Spencer

Singles

  • 1979 – Superappin' (Enjoy 6001) Side A – Superappin'; Side B – Superappin' Theme
  • 1980 – Freedom (Sugar Hill SH-549) Side A – vocal; Side B – instrumental
  • 1981 – The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel (Sugar Hill SH-557)
  • 1981 – Scorpio (Sugar Hill SH 118) Side A – vocal; Side B – instrumental
  • 1982 – Flash To The Beat (Sugar Hill SH 574)
  • 1984 – Jesse (Sugar Hill SH 133) Side A – vocal; Side B – instrumental
  • 1984 – We Don't Work For Free (Sugar Hill SH 136) Side A – vocal; Side B – instrumental
  • 1988 – Gold (edit) (Elektra EKR 70)
  • 1996 – If U Wanna Party (feat. Carl Murray) (JAM 1002-8)

Awards

Grammys

  • 2012 Hall of Fame for Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five single “The Message.”[25][26]

Urban Music Awards

  • 2009, Lifetime Achievement Award

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

  • 2007, Inductee

BET Hip Hop Awards

  • 2006, I Am Hip Hop Icon Award

Polar Music Prize

  • 2019, awarded Sweden's Polar Prize

Honorary Doctorates Degree

  • 2022, Buffalo State College

References

[27][28][29]

  1. ^ "Interview in the Motivate Inc YouTube channel, 2014". YouTube. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  2. ^ "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 2007 Inductees". Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  3. ^ Rose, Tricia (1994). Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America. Hanover: Wesleyan University Press. p. 35.
  4. ^ a b Grandmaster Flash (January 1982). "Spin Art". New York Rocker (Interview). Interviewed by Steven Harvey.
  5. ^ Forman, Murray; Neal, Mark Anthony, eds. (2004). That's the Joint!: The Hip-Hop Studies Reader. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0415873260.
  6. ^ Emmett Price, Hip Hop Culture (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2006), 25.
  7. ^ a b Zachary Wallmark, "Grandmaster Flash," in Musicians and Composers of the 20th Century (Pasadena: Salem Press, 2008), 531–533.
  8. ^ a b c "Origins of Hip Hop with Busy Bee Starski". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021.
  9. ^ a b c "Keith Cowboy – The Real Mc Coy". March 17, 2006. Archived from the original on March 17, 2006. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
  10. ^ "Afrika Bambaataa talks about the roots of Hip Hop". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021.
  11. ^ JET, (April 2007), 36–37.
  12. ^ "Fever Records". Fever Records. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
  13. ^ Jeff Chang, Can't Stop Won't Stop: A History of the Hip-Hop Generation (New York: Picador, 2005), 155.
  14. ^ Vince Aletti, "Furious," Village Voice (July 20, 1982), 64.
  15. ^ "Big Fun in the Big Town". IMDb.com. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  16. ^ Dj Tomekk (February 11, 2009), DJ TOMEKK "1,2,3 RHYMES GALORE" NEW YORK TO GERMANY HI QUALITY, archived from the original on December 21, 2021, retrieved June 27, 2019
  17. ^ Grandmaster Flash and David Ritz, The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash: My Life, My Beats (New York: Doubleday, 2008).
  18. ^ Grandmaster Flash and David Ritz, The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash: My Life, My Beats. New York: Doubleday. 2008.
  19. ^ "BET Awards Honor Grandmaster Flash". Softpedia. November 13, 2006. Archived from the original on June 12, 2011. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
  20. ^ "Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five: inducted in 2007". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
  21. ^ "Grandmaster Flash's Midnight Juggernauts remix on". Inthemix.com.au. Archived from the original on June 9, 2011. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
  22. ^ [1] Archived February 14, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Christopher R. R. Weingarten (July 1, 2009). "Inside DJ Hero: Grandmaster Flash on Game's Big Names, Ideas". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on July 4, 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
  24. ^ Latifah Muhammad Comments (December 1, 2011). "Grammy Nominations 2012: Grandmaster Flash Felt 'Cool'". The Boombox. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
  25. ^ "GRAMMY Hall Of Fame". GRAMMY.com. October 18, 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  26. ^ "2012 GRAMMY Hall Of Fame Selections Announced". GRAMMY.com. December 2, 2014. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  27. ^ Leland, John (August 26, 2016). "Grandmaster Flash Beats Back Time". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  28. ^ "Grandmaster Flash". Biography.com. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  29. ^ "50 Greatest Hip-Hop Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 15, 2018.

Further reading

  • Grandmaster Flash; David Ritz (2008). The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash: My Life, My Beats. Broadway Books. ISBN 978-0-7679-2475-7.

External links

Veröffentlichungen von The Furious Five die im OTRS erhältlich sind/waren:

The Message

The Furious Five auf Wikipedia (oder andere Quellen):

Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five were an American hip hop group formed in the South Bronx of New York City in 1978. The group's members were Grandmaster Flash, Melle Mel, Kidd Creole (not to be confused with Kid Creole), Keef Cowboy, Scorpio, and Rahiem. The group's use of turntablism, breakbeat DJing, and conscious lyricism were significant in the early development of hip hop music.

In the late 1970s, Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five built their reputation and achieved local success by performing at parties and live shows. By 1980, the group had signed with Sugar Hill Records. Under Sugar Hill Records, the group rose to prominence in the early 1980s with their first hit "Freedom". It was not until the release of the song "The Message" in 1982 and the album The Message that they achieved mainstream success. The song provided a political and social commentary and went on to become a driving force behind conscious hip-hop.

Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five split into two separate groups in 1983 until a brief reunion in 1987 led to the release of the original line-up's second album On the Strength. Afterwards, they disbanded permanently. Today, the group's legacy continues as Grandmaster's Furious Five with only Melle Mel and Scorpio as remaining members.

The group are widely regarded as one of the greatest groups of all time. They were inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2007; the first hip hop group to be inducted.[2] In 2002, its first year of archival, "The Message" was one of 50 recordings chosen by the Library of Congress to be added to the National Recording Registry.[3] Rolling Stone ranked "The Message" number 51 on its list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time in 2004.

History

Formation and early years (1978–1979)

1979 Bronx Rap Battle. Design: Buddy Esquire. Image courtesy of Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.

Prior to the formation of the Furious Five, Grandmaster Flash worked with the "L Brothers", which consisted of "Mean Gene" Livingston, Claudio Livingston and Grand Wizzard Theodore.[4] Flash then recruited his friend Cowboy, Melle Mel and Kidd Creole (Nathaniel Glover).[5] The trio called themselves the Three MC's, forming the first emcee group as it relates to rap as it is known today. Cowboy performed a "scat routine" at a party (at "The Black Door") for a friend who had just joined the U.S. Army. He began scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of the U.S. Army marching drill.[6][7] He then worked the "hip hop" cadence into part of his performance. This led to the term "hip hoppers" being used derogatorily by the culture's early detractors, most of whom were from the disco set, to label the music used. This evolved into the term "Hip Hop" and was later adopted by the industry.[6][7][8]

Melle Mel and Kidd Creole were the first rappers to call themselves "MCs" (Masters of Ceremonies). The 3 emcees worked with Flash, who went on to bring in Scorpio and Rahiem (Guy Todd Williams). After the formation of the Furious 5, Flash also worked with rapper Kurtis Blow doing parties in Queens. During the time Flash worked with Kurtis Blow, it was mainly due to internal disputes with the emcees, so for a short time prior to the formation of the Cold Crush Brothers in 1979, DJ Charlie Chase was the Furious 5's DJ.

Grandmaster Flash & The Furious 5 were the number one rap group on the streets of New York City before rap music was embraced by the music industry, setting the standard for all other emcee groups who came after them. The first single they released was "We Rap More Mellow", which was registered under the name The Younger Generation. The name change was made by the producer, who considered it better.[9]

The group was popular locally, gaining recognition for their skillful raps and deejaying, but it was not until the Sugarhill Gang's "Rapper's Delight" proved that hip hop music could achieve mainstream success that they began recording. In 1979, they released their first single on Enjoy Records, "Superappin". The group went on to sign with Sylvia Robinson's Sugar Hill Records, following an agreement that they could perform over a then-popular DJ favorite.[2][10][11]

Mainstream success and The Message (1980–1982)

In 1980, the group released their Sugarhill Records debut, "Freedom", which reached #19 on the R&B chart and sold over 50,000 copies.[12] The follow-up, "Birthday Party" was also a hit.[12] In 1981, Grandmaster Flash released The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel, which was a multi-deck, live recording of one of his routines that featured Queen's "Another One Bites the Dust" and Chic's "Good Times". The release marked the first time that scratching & turntablism were featured on a record.

In 1982, the group released "The Message", which was produced by Clifton "Jiggs" Chase and Ed "Duke Bootee" Fletcher, the latter of whom wrote the song (Sylvia Robinson added Melle Mel's rhyme from an earlier song to complete the recording). It provided a political and social commentary and went on to become a driving force behind conscious hip-hop. The song peaked at #4 in the R&B chart and #62 in the pop chart, and established hip-hop's credibility in mainstream music. Other than Melle Mel, however, no members of the group (except for background vocals at the end) actually feature on the record.

Their debut album, also named The Message, went on to become a prominent achievement in the history of hip-hop.[2][10][11]

Breakup (1983–1986)

In 1983, Grandmaster Flash, who had never appeared on any of the group's studio recordings, sued Sugar Hill Records for $5 million in unpaid royalties. This resulted in the single "White Lines (Don't Don't Do It)" being credited to "Grandmaster & Melle Mel." The song reached #47 in Billboard's Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. Another lawsuit was filed over certain elements of the song being stolen from "Cavern" by Liquid Liquid, from which Sugar Hill Records would never recover.[13]

The royalties dispute split the group. Melle Mel, Scorpio, and Cowboy left after "White Lines (Don't Don't Do It)" was a hit. They formed Grandmaster Melle Mel and the Furious Five and released the album Grandmaster Melle Mel and the Furious Five in 1984. Meanwhile, Grandmaster Flash, Kidd Creole, and Rahiem left for Elektra Records and added three new members to the group: Kevin "The Lord LaVon" Dukes, Russell "Mr. Broadway" Wheeler and "Larry-Love" Parker. They worked under the name "Grandmaster Flash" on They Said It Couldn't Be Done, The Source, and Ba-Dop-Boom-Bang. The additional members The Lord La Von, Larry Love and Mr. Broadway formed the "Furious Five" but they could not use the name as Sugar Hill Records owned the rights.

Grandmaster Flash and his new "Furious Five" had a few hits with their three albums that made it to the top fifty of Billboard's R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, whereas Melle Mel and his group fared better. Grandmaster Melle Mel's most notable hit was "Beat Street Breakdown", which peaked at #8 in the R&B chart. Melle Mel also appeared in Chaka Khan's "I Feel for You", which won the Grammy Award for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance in 1985.[2][10][11]

Reunion and waning popularity (1987–1988)

In 1987, the original lineup of Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five reformed for a performance at a charity concert at Madison Square Garden. They soon reunited for their first studio album in nearly five years, recording On the Strength, which was released on April 1988. Reception of the album was lukewarm, and it failed to achieve the same levels of success as The Message. The group never enjoyed the same success as they did in the early 1980s and permanently broke up afterwards.[2][10][11]

Permanent disbandment and post-On the Strength (1989–present)

Since disbanding, some members of the group have briefly worked together. Melle Mel, Scorpio and Cowboy released another album as Grandmaster Melle Mel and the Furious Five, Piano, in 1989. Keith "Cowboy" Wiggins died on September 8, 1989.[14]

In 1990, Grandmaster Flash produced Just-Ice's album Masterpiece. He went on to work as musical director for The Chris Rock Show, and later released The Official Adventures of Grandmaster Flash, Essential Mix: Classic Edition, and The Bridge – Concept Of A Culture. He has also received many accolades, including the DJ Vanguard Award from Bill Gates in 2004, RIAA's Lifetime Achievement Award at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum in 2005, and BET's I Am Hip-Hop Icon Award in 2006. His autobiography, The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash: My Life, My Beats, was released in 2008.[15]

In 1985, Melle Mel met Quincy Jones at the Grammys, and they began to collaborate for Back on the Block. This led to Mel being featured in the song "Back on the Block", which won him the Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group in 1991. He would pick up an additional Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album in 2002 for his contributions in Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones. 1997 saw him sign onto Straight Game Records and release Right Now with Mr. Ness/Scorpio. The album also featured Rondo; the two went on to form a group called Die Hard. In 2012, they released an album titled On Lock.[16]

On January 23, 2007, Mel changed his name to Grandmaster Melle Mel and released his first solo studio album, Muscles. The first single and music video was "M3 – The New Message". He has also released the children's book The Portal in the Park, which features a CD on which children can read and rap along with him. This project featured a then-unknown Lady Gaga. She performs with Mel on the songs "World Family Tree" and "The Fountain Of Truth".[2][10][11]

When asked of a possible reunion in 2002, Melle Mel responded:

It['s] not a question of whether we could get together or not [...] I just don['t] think that we could get a deal. The record company people just don['t] see a market for us.[16]

However, 2014 saw Melle Mel and Scorpio begin playing shows across the United States, UK and Europe as Grandmaster's Furious Five ft Melle [sic] and Scorpio, culminating in them writing and recording new music. Their first single 'Some Kind of Sorry' was released on May 27, 2016,[17] to coincide with a UK and European tour, which they are undertaking alongside The Sugarhill Gang.

On August 2, 2017, Nathaniel Glover (Kidd Creole) was arrested and charged with the murder of a New York city homeless man.[18][5][19] In 2022, Glover was found guilty of manslaughter in relation to the case, and was sentenced to sixteen years in prison.[20][21]

Legacy and influence

Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five are a well-respected group in the history of hip-hop music. They have been honored at the VH1 Hip Hop Honors in 2005 and were inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2007. The Smithsonian National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. displays in their historical archives the vinyl records and the turntable used by DJ Grandmaster Flash.[22]

They have influenced many musical acts[23] such as Anthony Kiedis, New Order,[24] The Cold Crush Brothers, Run-D.M.C., Whodini, Public Enemy, Boogie Down Productions, KRS-One, EPMD, Stetsasonic, Doug E. Fresh, Salt-n-Pepa, Ultramagnetic MC's, DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince, Eminem, Pharoahe Monch, Busta Rhymes, DJ Quik, Beastie Boys, Hieroglyphics, Too Short, Wu-Tang Clan, R.A. the Rugged Man, Digital Underground, Tupac Shakur, The Notorious B.I.G., N.W.A, Snoop Dogg, Ludacris,[25] Heavy D, and The Roots, among many others. Ice Cube recorded a song titled "Check Yo Self" with Das EFX, the remix of which sampled the music of "The Message."

Discography

Studio albums

References

  1. ^ John Leland (2016-08-26). "Grandmaster Flash Beats Back Time". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019-11-24.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five". Rolling Stone. 2009-07-07. Archived from the original on 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  3. ^ "The National Recording Registry 2002". Loc.gov. 2011-05-13. Archived from the original on 2007-02-08. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
  4. ^ Hess, G. Icons of hip hop: an encyclopedia of the movement, music, and culture, Volume 1, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007
  5. ^ a b Haag, Matthew (2 August 2017). "Kidd Creole of Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five Is Charged With Murder". The New York Times.
  6. ^ a b "Origins of Hip Hop with Busy Bee Starski". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Keith Cowboy – The Real Mc Coy". 2006-03-17. Archived from the original on 2006-03-17. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  8. ^ "Afrika Bambaataa talks about the roots of Hip Hop". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  9. ^ "Revisiting the Furious Five's Unsung Classics With Rahiem & Kidd Creole". Villagevoice.com. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  10. ^ a b c d e Ed Roberts, Solomonic and Da Ewoks and TMGanalog (2009-07-07). "GRANDMASTER FLASH & THE FURIOUS FIVE". OldSchoolHipHop.com. Retrieved 2009-07-07.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  11. ^ a b c d e Jason Ankeny (2009-07-07). "GRANDMASTER FLASH & THE FURIOUS FIVE". VH1.com. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  12. ^ a b , Grandmaster Flash Biography, iTunes
  13. ^ "Grandmaster Flash". Discogs.com. 2009-07-07. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  14. ^ Vibe, Dec 1994 – Jan 1995, p.73
  15. ^ Saddler, Joseph (2008). The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash. New York: Broadway Books. pp. Publishing Page. ISBN 978-0-7679-2475-7.
  16. ^ a b Hartsfeld, Jermaine (2002-02-15). "GRANDMASTER MELLE MEL INTERVIEW". Tha Foundation. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  17. ^ Jammerzine (Ryan Martin) (2016-04-04). "First Listen: Grandmaster's Furious 5 ft Mele Mel and Scorpio – Some Kind of Sorry". jammerzine.com. Retrieved 2016-04-04.
  18. ^ "Today in Entertainment: NBC orders Season 2 of 'Will & Grace' revival and reveals what's in store on 'This Is Us'" – via LA Times.
  19. ^ Long, Colleen (August 2, 2017). "Rapper Kidd Creole Stabbed Man He Thought Was Hitting On Him". Time. ISSN 0040-781X.[dead link]
  20. ^ "Rapper Kidd Creole Sentenced to 16 Years for Fatal Stabbing". MSN.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ "Kidd Creole convicted of manslaughter in 2017 stabbing". AP News.
  22. ^ "NMAH: Hip-Hop Won't Stop: The Beat, The Rhymes, The Life". 3 September 2006. Archived from the original on 3 September 2006.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  23. ^ "Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five – Biography, Albums, Streaming Links – AllMusic". AllMusic.
  24. ^ Hook, Peter (2011). The Hacienda: How Not to Run a Club. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1847391773.
  25. ^ "And I'm close to the edge, so your parents can come push me / I curse so much just to get on they nerves / I got kids actin' a fool from the traps to the 'burbs". Genius.

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