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Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol
Mission impossible ghost protocol.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byBrad Bird
Written by
Based onMission: Impossible
by Bruce Geller
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyRobert Elswit
Edited byPaul Hirsch
Music byMichael Giacchino
Production
companies
Distributed byParamount Pictures[1]
Release date
Running time
133 minutes[3]
CountryUnited States[1]
LanguageEnglish
Budget$145 million[4]
Box office$694.7 million[4]

Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol is a 2011 American action spy film directed by Brad Bird and written by Josh Appelbaum and André Nemec. It is the fourth installment in the Mission: Impossible film series, and also Bird's first live-action film.[5] It stars Tom Cruise, who reprises his role of Impossible Missions Force agent Ethan Hunt, alongside Jeremy Renner, Simon Pegg, Paula Patton, Michael Nyqvist, Anil Kapoor and Léa Seydoux. In the film, Hunt and his team race against time to find a nuclear extremist codenamed 'Cobalt' who gains access to Russian nuclear launch codes when a mission by Hunt's team goes wrong, resulting in the bombing of the Kremlin. The IMF is implicated in the bombing, forcing the President to enact "Ghost Protocol", disavowing the organization, leaving Hunt and his team without back up.

Released in the United States by Paramount Pictures on December 16, 2011, the film went on to become the highest-grossing film in the series, with $694 million, until it was surpassed by Mission: Impossible – Fallout.[6] It is the fifth-highest-grossing film of 2011 as well as the second-highest-grossing film starring Cruise.[7][8][9] It was followed by Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation, which was released in July 2015. The film received positive reviews on Metacritic, and Rotten Tomatoes calls it "popcorn entertainment that really works".

Plot

IMF agent Trevor Hanaway is killed in Budapest by assassin Sabine Moreau, who takes his file containing Russian nuclear launch codes so she can give them to a man known only as "Cobalt".

IMF agent Ethan Hunt has purposely become incarcerated in a Moscow prison to acquire Bogdan, a source of information on Cobalt. With the help of Jane Carter, Hanaway's handler, and newly promoted field agent Benji Dunn, Hunt and Bogdan make their escape. IMF tasks Hunt to infiltrate the Kremlin to gain more information on Cobalt. During the mission, an insider broadcasts the IMF team about a supposed detonation, thereby alerting the Kremlin Police. Hunt's team aborts the mission just as a bomb destroys much of the Kremlin. Carter and Dunn escape, but Hunt is captured by SVR agent Anatoly Sidorov and charged with destroying the Kremlin.

Hunt escapes and meets with the IMF Secretary who is in Moscow with his aide and intelligence analyst, William Brandt. The Secretary, who has been severely reprimanded by Russian authorities, tells Hunt that the President had initiated "Ghost Protocol", disavowing IMF, but secretly orders Hunt to continue to pursue Cobalt. Sidorov's forces catch up to Hunt, and the Secretary is killed. Hunt escapes along with Brandt and together they rendezvous with Carter and Dunn in a secret IMF bunker located in one of the carriages of a just-departed freight train. The team consolidate their intelligence. Brandt and Hunt identify Cobalt as Kurt Hendricks, a Swedish-born Russian nuclear strategist, who seeks to start a nuclear war between the U.S. and Russia. Hendricks used the Kremlin bombing to cover up his theft of a Russian launch-control device, and now is planning a trade with Moreau at the Burj Khalifa in Dubai to gain the required launch codes. Hendricks plans to use Leonid Lisenker, a cryptographer who has been kidnapped by Hendricks' right-hand man, a mercernary named Wistrom, to authenticate the codes.

The Fog directs Ethan towards Mumbai, where Hendricks is set to negotiate with Indian billionaire entrepreneur Brij Nath to gain control of an obsolete Soviet military satellite. The same information is provided by the Fog to Sidorov. The IMF team splits up to stop Hendricks; Carter sexually seduces Nath to get the satellite override code, while Hunt, Brandt and Dunn try to stop Hendricks and Wistrom from using Nath's broadcast station. They are too late as Hendricks has sent the launch codes to a Russian Delta III-class nuclear submarine to fire a single missile at San Francisco and disabled the station's computer systems. Carter, Brandt and Dunn race to get the systems back online to send the override code, during which they engage in a battle of wits with Wistrom who tries to stop them. Hunt pursues Hendricks, eventually catching up with him in an automated car park where they fight. Hendricks, with the launch device, jumps to his death moments before the missile is set to land. Hunt then uses one of the cars and takes a dangerous fall to use the device; he barely disables the missile before it strikes. Sidorov, who has followed the IMF from Dubai to Mumbai, arrives and realizes that the IMF is innocent of the Kremlin bombing.

The team meets in Seattle after Ethan accepts a new mission from Luther Stickell. Brandt confesses to Ethan about his failure to protect Julia. Ethan, however, reveals that her "death" and the murder of the Serbians were part of a plot to give her a new identity and enable Ethan to infiltrate the prison. A relieved Brandt happily accepts his mission, and becomes an agent once again. Meanwhile, Julia arrives at the harbor. Ethan and Julia gaze at each other, smiling, from afar before Ethan departs for his next mission.

Cast

Production

Despite Mission: Impossible III earning less than its predecessors at the box office, its critical reception was much better than its predecessors and Paramount Pictures was keen on developing a fourth in the series.[13] In August 2009, Josh Appelbaum and André Nemec were hired to write the film's screenplay.[14] Because of other commitments, J. J. Abrams said that it was unlikely for him to return as director but made note that he will produce the film alongside Tom Cruise.[15] By March 2010, director Brad Bird was in talks of directing the film with Cruise returning to star as Ethan Hunt.[16]

The film was originally announced with a working name of Mission: Impossible 4 and code-named "Aries" during early production.[17] By August 2010, title considerations did not include the Mission: Impossible 4 name, and thought was given to omitting the specific term "Mission: Impossible", which Variety compared to Christopher Nolan's Batman sequel film The Dark Knight.[18] In late October 2010, the title was confirmed as Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol.[19]

Christopher McQuarrie (who later directed Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation and Mission: Impossible – Fallout) did an uncredited rewrite of the screenplay, explaining that:

On Ghost Protocol I came in on the middle of the shoot to do a rewrite of the screenplay, though they had already started the movie. I had to communicate with the entire staff to determine what I could and couldn't change, what sets had been built or struck, what scenes I could or couldn't reshoot. I learned so much about production being right there. ... The script had these fantastic sequences in it but there was a mystery in it that was very complicated. What I did was about clarity. The mystery had to be made simpler. It's like reaching into a sock and pulling it inside out. It's still a sock, still all the same pieces, but all put together in a different order.[20]

Filming

The film was partially shot with IMAX cameras, which made up approximately 30 minutes of the film's run time.[21][22] Bird insisted that certain scenes of the film be shot in IMAX, as opposed to 3D, as he felt that the IMAX format offered the viewer more immersion due to its brighter, higher quality image, which is projected on a larger screen, without the need for specialised glasses.[23] Bird also believed that the IMAX format would bring back "a level of showmanship" to the presentation of Hollywood films, which he believes the industry has lost due to its emphasis on screening films in multiplexes as opposed to grand theaters, and vetoing "first runs" in favor of wider initial releases.[23]

"When we were first looking at the image of Tom climbing the Burj, in the long shots we could not only see the traffic in the reflections when he presses down on the glass ... But you actually saw the glass warp slightly because of the pressure of his hand. You would never see that in 35mm. The fact that the screen fills your vision and is super sharp seems more life-like."
 —Brad Bird describing the advantages of filming in the IMAX format.[24]

Principal photography took place from October 2010 to March 19, 2011.[25] Filming took place in Budapest, Mumbai, Prague, Moscow, Vancouver, Bangalore, Chennai, and Dubai.[26][27][28] Although Cruise appears to be free solo climbing in the film with the help of special gloves, in reality, he was securely attached to the Burj Khalifa at all times by multiple cables.[25] Industrial Light & Magic digitally erased the cables in post-production. Following Cruise's example, Patton and Seydoux also chose to forgo the use of stunt doubles for their fight scene at the Burj Khalifa where Carter exacts her revenge upon Moreau for Hanaway's death.[25]

Many of the film's interior scenes were shot at Vancouver's Canadian Motion Picture Park Studios, including a key transition scene in a specially equipped IMF train car and the fight between Hunt and Hendricks in a Mumbai automated multi-level parking garage (which was constructed over a six-month period just for the film).[25] The Vancouver Convention Centre was modified to double as downtown Bangalore.[29][30] The film's opening Moscow prison escape scenes were shot on location in a real former prison near Prague.[25]

Bird, having directed several Disney and Pixar films and short films, incorporated the trademark "A113" into the film on two separate occasions. The first is the design print on Hanaway's ring during the flashback sequence, and the second being when Hunt calls in for support and uses the drop callsign, Alpha 1–1–3.[31]

Soundtrack

Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol: Music by Michael Giacchino
Soundtrack album by
ReleasedJanuary 10, 2012 (2012-01-10)
GenreFilm score
Length76:28
LabelVarèse Sarabande
ProducerMichael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino chronology
Monte Carlo
(2011)
Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol: Music by Michael Giacchino
(2012)
John Carter
(2012)
Mission: Impossible chronology
Mission: Impossible III – Music by Michael Giacchino
(2006)
Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol: Music by Michael Giacchino
(2011)
Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation: Music from the Motion Picture
(2015)

The musical score for Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol was composed by Michael Giacchino, who also composed the music for the third film and collaborated with Bird on The Incredibles and Ratatouille. As in previous installments, the score incorporates Lalo Schifrin's themes from the original television series.[32] "Lalo is an amazing jazz writer. You know you can't write a straight-up jazz score for a film like this but you can certainly hint at it here and there," said Giacchino, explaining the stylistic influence generated by Schifrin's history with the franchise.[33] A soundtrack album was released by Varèse Sarabande on January 10, 2012.[34]

All music is composed by Michael Giacchino.

No.TitleLength
1."Give Her My Budapest"1:57
2."Light the Fuse" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)2:01
3."Knife to a Gun Fight"3:42
4."In Russia, Phone Dials You" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme and "The Plot" by Lalo Schifrin)1:40
5."Kremlin with Anticipation" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme and "The Plot" by Lalo Schifrin)4:12
6."From Russia with Shove" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)3:37
7."Ghost Protocol" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)4:58
8."Railcar Rundown" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)1:11
9."Hendricks' Manifesto" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)3:17
10."A Man, A Plan, A Code, Dubai" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)2:44
11."Love the Glove" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)3:44
12."The Express Elevator" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)2:31
13."Mission Impersonatable"3:55
14."Moreau Trouble Than She's Worth"6:44
15."Out for a Run"3:54
16."Eye of the Wistrom"1:05
17."Mood India" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)4:28
18."Mumbai's the Word"7:14
19."Launch Is on Hendricks"2:22
20."World's Worst Parking Valet" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)5:03
21."Putting the Miss in Mission" (Contains Mission: Impossible Theme by Lalo Schifrin)5:19
22."Mission: Impossible Theme (Out with a Bang Version)"0:53

Distribution

Marketing

In July 2011, a teaser trailer for Ghost Protocol was released illustrating new shots from the film, one of which being Tom Cruise scaling the world's tallest building, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai.[35] Moreover, prior to its release, the studio presented IMAX footage of the film to an invitation-only crowd of opinion makers and journalists at central London's BFI IMAX theater. One of the many scenes that were included was a chase scene in a Dubai desert sandstorm.[36]

During November 2011, the Paramount released a Facebook game of the film in order to promote it. The new game allowed players to choose the roles of IMF agents and assemble teams to embark on a multiplayer journey. Players were also able to garner tickets to the film's U.S. premiere and a hometown screening of the film for 30 friends.[37]

Theatrical release

Following the world premiere in Dubai on December 7, 2011,[38] the film was released in IMAX and other large-format theaters in the U.S. on December 16, 2011,[39] with general release on December 21, 2011.

Home media

Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol was released on DVD, Blu-ray, and digital download on April 17, 2012.[40] The home media releases, however, do not preserve the original IMAX imagery,[41][42] and its aspect ratio is consistently cropped to 2.40:1 rather than switching to a 1.78:1 aspect ratio during the IMAX scenes. Blu-ray Disc releases such as The Dark Knight,[43] Tron: Legacy,[44] and Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen[45] will switch between 2.40:1 for regular scenes and 1.78:1 for IMAX scenes. The film was released on 4K UHD Blu-ray on June 26, 2018.[46]

Reception

Critical response

On Rotten Tomatoes, Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol has an approval rating of 93% based on 239 reviews and an average rating of 7.7/10. The critical consensus on Rotten Tomatoes reads: "Stylish, fast-paced, and loaded with gripping set pieces, the fourth Mission: Impossible is big-budget popcorn entertainment that really works."[47] Metacritic assigned the film a score of 73 out of 100 based on 47 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews."[48] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A-" on an A+ to F scale.[49]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 3.5 out of four stars, saying the film "is a terrific thriller with action sequences that function as a kind of action poetry."[50] Stephen Whitty of The Star-Ledger wrote "The eye-candy—from high-tech gadgets to gorgeous people—has only been ratcheted up. And so has the excitement." He also gave the film 3.5 out of four stars.[51] Giving the film three out of four stars, Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe said "In its way, the movie has old-Hollywood elegance. The scope and sets are vast, tall, and cavernous, but Bird scales down for spatial intimacy."[52]

Philippa Hawker of The Sydney Morning Herald gave the film three stars out of five and said it is "ludicrously improbable, but also quite fun."[53] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly opined that the movie "brims with scenes that are exciting and amazing at the same time; they're brought off with such casual aplomb that they're funny, too. ... Ghost Protocol is fast and explosive, but it's also a supremely clever sleight-of-hand thriller. Brad Bird, the animation wizard, ... showing an animator's miraculously precise use of visual space, has a playful, screw-tightening ingenuity all his own."[54] Roger Moore of The Charlotte Observer gave the film three out of four stars; said "Brad Bird passes his audition for a career as a live-action director. And Ghost Protocol more than makes its bones as an argument for why Tom Cruise should continue in this role as long as his knees, and his nerves, hold up."[55]

IndieWire ranked it as one of the best action movies of the 21st century.[56]

Box office

Ghost Protocol grossed $209.4 million in North America and $485.3 million in other countries for a worldwide total of $694.7 million.[57] It is the second-highest-grossing film worldwide in the Mission: Impossible series,[58] and the fifth-highest-grossing film of 2011.[59] It is also the second-highest-grossing film worldwide starring Cruise, surpassing War of the Worlds from the top spot.[60] It was the franchise's highest-grossing film and Cruise's biggest film at the time of release, before being surpassed by Mission: Impossible – Fallout seven years later.

In limited release at 425 locations in North America, it earned $12.8 million over its opening weekend.[61] After five days of limited release, it expanded to 3,448 theaters on its sixth day and reached #1 at the box office with $8.92 million.[62] The film reached the top stop at the box office in its second and third weekends with $29.6 million and $29.4 million, respectively.[63][64] Though only 9% of the film's screenings were in IMAX theaters, they accounted for 23% of the film's box office.[65]

Outside North America, it debuted to a $69.5 million in 42 markets representing approximately 70% of the marketplace. In the United Arab Emirates, it set an opening-weekend record of $2.4 million (since surpassed by Marvel's The Avengers).[66] In two countries outside the U.S. in which filming took place, its opening weekend gross increased by multiples over the previous installment: in Russia, more than doubling, to $6.08 million[67] and in India, more than quadrupling, to $4.0 million.[68] It is the second-highest-grossing Mission: Impossible film outside North America.[69] It topped the box office outside North America for three consecutive weekends (during December 2011)[70] and five weekends in total (the other two in 2012).[60] Its highest-grossing markets after North America are China ($102.5 million),[71] Japan ($69.7 million), and South Korea ($51.1 million).[72]

Accolades

AwardCategoryRecipientsResult
Alliance of Women Film Journalists[73][74]Kick Ass Award for Best Female Action StarPaula PattonNominated
Golden Reel Awards[75]Best Sound Editing: Sound Effects and Foley in a Feature FilmMission: Impossible – Ghost ProtocolNominated
Kids' Choice AwardsFavorite ButtkickerTom CruiseNominated
MTV Movie Awards[76]Best FightTom Cruise vs. Michael NyqvistNominated
Best Gut-Wrenching PerformanceTom CruiseNominated
Saturn Awards[77]Best Action or Adventure FilmMission: Impossible – Ghost ProtocolWon
Best DirectorBrad BirdNominated
Best ActorTom CruiseNominated
Best Supporting ActressPaula PattonNominated
Best MusicMichael GiacchinoNominated
Best EditingPaul HirschWon
Teen Choice Awards[78]Choice Movie: ActionMission Impossible – Ghost ProtocolNominated
Choice Movie Actor: ActionTom CruiseNominated
Choice Movie Actress: ActionPaula PattonNominated
Visual Effects Society AwardsOutstanding Models in a Feature Motion PictureJohn Goodson, Paul Francis Russell and Victor SchutzNominated
World Stunt AwardsBest Stunt Coordinator and/or 2nd Unit DirectorPavel Cajzl, Dan Bradley, Russell Solberg, Gregg Smrz and Owen WalstromNominated

Sequel

In December 2011, Pegg suggested that he and Cruise were interested in returning for a fifth Mission: Impossible film.[79] Paramount was also reportedly interested in fast-tracking a fifth film due to the fourth film's success.[80] Bird had stated that he probably would not return to direct a fifth film, but Tom Cruise had been confirmed to return.[81] It was revealed in August 2013 that Christopher McQuarrie would be the director of Mission: Impossible 5.[82] Principal photography began in February 2014 in London.[83] Paramount Pictures released the film on July 31, 2015.[84] The plot centers around Hunt's IMF team in conflict with "the Syndicate", an international criminal organization first mentioned at the end of Ghost Protocol.

References

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External links

Artist(s)

Veröffentlichungen von Michael Giacchino die im OTRS erhältlich sind/waren:

OST Mission: Impossible 4 – Ghost Protocol

Michael Giacchino auf Wikipedia (oder andere Quellen):

Michael Giacchino (2017)

Michael Giacchino (* 10. Oktober 1967 in , New Jersey) ist ein US-amerikanischer Komponist und Oscar-Preisträger.

Giacchino wurde bekannt durch seine Arbeit an Videospielen wie Medal of Honor, Call of Duty, Filmen wie Die Unglaublichen, Star Trek und Fernsehserien wie Lost oder Alias – Die Agentin. Für die Filmmusik von Ratatouille wurde er 2008 mit dem Grammy in der Kategorie Bestes komponiertes Soundtrackalbum für Film, Fernsehen oder visuelle Medien ausgezeichnet und für einen Oscar nominiert. 2010 gewann er den Oscar und zwei Grammys für seine Filmmusik in Oben.

Leben

Bereits im Alter von zehn Jahren kam Giacchino mit der Welt des Films in Berührung. Damals erstellte er mit Vorliebe animierte Kurzfilme, um sie dann mit selbstaufgezeichneten Soundeffekten zu versehen. Sein größtes Hobby war jedoch, die passende Musik auszusuchen und in den Film einzubauen. Letztendlich bewog ihn die Filmmusik zu den Star-Wars-Filmen, ebenfalls Komponist zu werden.

Um diesen Traum zu verwirklichen, besuchte er die Filmhochschule School of Visual Arts in New York City und ging, nachdem er das Studium erfolgreich abgeschlossen hatte, auf die Juilliard School. Neben diesem Aufbaustudium arbeitete er bei den Universal Studios und bei Walt Disney. Für Disney zog Giacchino zwei Jahre später eigens nach Los Angeles, wo er sich dem film-scoring programme der University of California anschloss. Unter anderem übernahm er dabei Jobs, die weniger mit Komposition zu tun hatten, dafür aber auch andere Bereiche der Filmproduktion abdeckten.

1997 wurde Giacchino von DreamWorks beauftragt, die Musik für das Videospiel The Lost World zu komponieren, das auf Steven Spielbergs Kassenhit Jurassic Park basiert. Es sollte neben eines der ersten beiden Videospiele werden, dessen Musik von einem großen Orchester eingespielt wurde. Nach weiteren Aufträgen von DreamWorks erhielt Giacchino mit Medal of Honor erstmals die Möglichkeit, für einen Spielblockbuster zu komponieren. Ab diesem Zeitpunkt komponierte er des Öfteren für Weltkriegsspiele, bei denen er sich von Militärmärschen des Zweiten Weltkrieges inspirieren ließ. Der Soundtrack zu Medal of Honor wurde aufgrund der großen Nachfrage auf CD zum Verkauf angeboten und in der Rezension auf Allmusic als „finest video game score ever written“ bezeichnet.[1]

Mit wachsendem Erfolg wurde der Hollywoodregisseur J. J. Abrams auf Giacchino aufmerksam und engagierte ihn für den Soundtrack seiner neuen Serie Alias – Die Agentin. Das Ergebnis ist ein Mix aus Technopop und klassischen Agentenmotiven wie zum Beispiel aus den James-Bond-Filmen, mit denen er später für den Pixar-Animationsfilm Die Unglaublichen wieder in Berührung kommen sollte.

Im Mai 2000 veröffentlichte Giacchino seine erste Symphonie mit dem Namen Camden 2000 im Sony E-Center in Camden, New Jersey. Ein Jahr später gewann Medal of Honor Underground, für das er ebenfalls die Musik geschrieben hatte, den Academy Award of Interactive Arts & Sciences für die beste Komposition für ein Videospiel. Auch der Nachfolger Medal of Honor Frontline gewann den Preis und wurde, wie auch der nächste Teil Medal of Honor Allied Assault und das Pilotspiel Medal of Honor, vom Seattle-Symphony-Orchester unter Giacchino als Dirigent eingespielt.

2004 kam J. J. Abrams erneut auf ihn zurück, da er gerade seine neue Serie Lost vorbereitete. So komponierte Giacchino für alle sechs Staffeln der Serie die Musik. Der Soundtrack zur ersten Staffel erschien im März 2006 im Handel, der für die zweite folgte im September des gleichen Jahres. Ebenso erschienen 2008 der Soundtrack zur dritten Staffel und 2009 der zur vierten Staffel. Wie schon bei Medal of Honor sind derartige Veröffentlichungen nicht die Regel.

Während dieser Zeit komponierte Giacchino zwar immer noch Musik für Videospiele, musste wegen seiner zahlreichen Arbeiten an Kinofilmen aber immer öfter passen. So komponierte er zwar die Titelmelodien von Mercenaries und Black, vervollständigt und orchestriert wurde der Score jedoch von seinem Freund und Kollegen Chris Tilton. Auch Medal of Honor erlebte eine kleine Auszeit, sodass die Teile Rising Sun, Pacific Assault und European Assault von Christopher Lennertz vertont wurden.

Giacchino schrieb außerdem die Musik zum Abspann von Cloverfield, die einzige speziell für den Film komponierte Musik. Für die Filmmusik zu Star Trek bekam er eine Grammy-Nominierung, für Oben schließlich den Oscar, Golden Globe, BAFTA Award und den Grammy Award für „The Best Score Soundtrack Album“, die beste Filmmusik.

Im Oktober 2019 gab Giacchino bekannt, dass er bei einer Folge der Serie Star Trek: Short Treks Musik und Regie übernommen hat.[2]

Filmografie

Filme

Fernsehen

Videospiele

Als Schauspieler

Weblinks

Commons: Michael Giacchino – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien

Einzelnachweise

  1. Medal of Honor: AllMusic Review by Jason Ankeny auf Allmusic, abgerufen am 4. Juli 2016 (englisch)
  2. Michael Giacchino auf Twitter: „I’m overseeing a great group …“ 5. Oktober 2019, abgerufen am 3. November 2019 (englisch).

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