Spandau Ballet ¦ True

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1983

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True is the third studio album by English pop band Spandau Ballet, released on 4 March 1983 by Chrysalis Records. The band's songwriter/guitarist Gary Kemp realised after the release of their second album that the nightclub audience they initially wanted to attract had lost interest in them in part because of the band's transition from dance music to pop. He no longer felt obligated to keep writing music for them and shifted his focus to soul and R&B influences such as Marvin Gaye and Al Green for this album. Kemp thought that bandmate Steve Norman's newfound interest in the saxophone would be well-suited to the sound he was going for, as would the decision to record most of the album at Compass Point Studios in the Bahamas.

After an unsuccessful attempt to begin work on the album with producer Trevor Horn, the band tested out their working relationship with Tony Swain and Steve Jolley while recording its first single, "Lifeline", and chose to produce the album alongside them. "Lifeline" was a top ten hit on the UK Singles Chart, and its follow-up, "Communication", also did well. The album became available as the second single climbed the charts, and the overwhelming response to the title track dictated its release as the third single from the album, leading it to four weeks as the most popular song in the UK. It also became their first song to appear on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US, where it peaked at number four. A fourth single, "Gold", reached number two in the UK but only got as high as 29 in the US, which Kemp attributed to internal conflicts at their record label that took time away from promoting the band.

On the album charts, True reached number one in the UK and number 19 in the US while also having success in numerous other countries. It achieved platinum certification for sales of 300,000 units in the UK less than three months after its release. Most critics thought the album was enjoyable, but there were those who found something or much to dislike. The choice of suits for the album photos and "True" music video was thought to have misled US audiences by presenting them as too clean cut to have much else to offer other than soul ballads like the title song.

Background, development and recording

Gary Kemp of Spandau Ballet, Liverpool, October 2009
Gary Kemp wrote the songs for the album.

When Spandau Ballet first formed, their guitarist/songwriter Gary Kemp had been aware of how previous generations of Britain's youth culture had bands representing them, such as the Mods having The Who and Small Faces.[1]: 9:09  He wanted people to associate Spandau with the fashion-wise clientele of a popular Tuesday night London gathering called the Blitz,[2][a] and had written songs that sounded like what was played there,[3][b] what he described as "white European dance music".[4]

Their first album, Journeys to Glory, was a successful culmination of this style of material that Kemp had written at his own pace and that had been tested in front of the Blitz crowd over an extended period of time, but coming up with songs for their second effort, Diamond, was more challenging.[5][c] Although following a renewed interest in funk[6] gave them a number 3 UK hit with its first single, "Chant No. 1 (I Don't Need This Pressure On)",[7] the writer's block Kemp suffered as it climbed the UK Singles Chart resulted in his mimicking its use of horns and group vocals for the next single, "Paint Me Down",[8] which had a number 30 showing in the UK, the lowest peak position there of any of their singles to date.[7] An experiment with the eastern European sound from American film scores for the third single, "She Loved Like Diamond", fared even worse[7] just as Diamond was about to be released; that inspired the idea to take another song from the album, "Instinction", and hire a new producer to remix it in the hope that it would perform better. Kemp described that track as being the closest thing to a pop song that Spandau Ballet had yet recorded.[9][d] The band hired Buggles founder Trevor Horn to do the new arrangement of the song,[10] which reached number ten in the UK[7] and made Kemp realise that the clubgoers they had initially catered to were no longer interested in their music. He was now able to write songs without concern for their danceability or adherence to current tastes.[11][e] In his autobiography I Know This Much: From Soho to Spandau, he explained, "The freedom of not having to write just for Soho meant I could dive into that great big reservoir of pop, deep with melody and soul, and hopefully surface with the pearls I wanted."[12]

Because of the rebound the band experienced with Horn's reworking of "Instinction", the plan was to have him produce the next album. He was especially impressed with one of Kemp's recent compositions, "Pleasure", and wanted to start working with the band on it immediately. The rehearsal went well, and they began recording it at AIR Studios with the mindset that it would be the first single from the new album,[13] which was initially called The Pleasure Project.[14] On the first day of recording, however, Horn had drummer John Keeble redo the track repeatedly over the course of the ten-hour day to try to get it perfect and called Kemp that evening to offer to programme the drums and suggest that they get a new drummer. Kemp was stunned by the suggestion: "I heard myself saying that programming the drums would not just be psychologically wrong for our team spirit, but it would also undermine John as a player." He refused Horn, who decided not to continue working with them.[13] Later in 1982 Kemp told Smash Hits magazine, "We couldn't have worked with Trevor because he was too overpowering, too dogmatic."[15]

The band's manager, Steve Dagger, suggested producers Tony Swain and Steve Jolley, who recently had success with Bananarama, and Kemp performed some of the songs he had just written for the duo with the plan of having them produce the first single from the new album to see if they had a good working relationship with the band. While Swain was leaning toward "Communication" as the best choice for their next hit song, Jolley insisted that they work on the "up-tempo, more obvious pop sing-along" "Lifeline".[16] The band was credited alongside Jolley and Swain as producers of "Lifeline"[17] and would be on the album as well.

"Lifeline" was recorded at Red Bus Studios in Paddington as Spandau Ballet got a feel for their new producers,[18] but they worked on the rest of the album at Compass Point Studios in the Bahamas because of the soul music that had been recorded there and because Kemp felt that the tropical surroundings would help give the music the feeling he was trying to achieve.[19] The band rehearsed before they travelled there, and lead singer Tony Hadley recorded his vocals at Red Bus upon their return.[20]

Songs

In a Mastertapes interview with John Wilson in 2013, Kemp contrasted the anti-establishment, anticommercial stance of the punk scene with the plan that Spandau Ballet initially had of having similar attitudes in their dress and style of music but selling enough records to make the pop charts at the same time.[1]: 3:03 [f] He felt that their appearances on the British music chart television programme Top of the Pops contributed to their assimilation into a more mainstream sound[19][g] and explained that, because of his realisation that their music no longer interested the nightclub crowd after the release of "Instinction", "There was a sense of, 'We have to move on from here.'"[1]: 11:56  He told Wilson how their desire to expand to a broader audience inspired the "True" lyric "I bought a ticket to the world".[1]: 11:55 [h] In 2012 he told The Guardian, "We were leaving the London club scene and starting to sell records around the world, so the next album really needed to be pop."[19]

Steve Norman of Spandau Ballet, Liverpool, October 2009
Gary Kemp wanted Steve Norman's saxophone to become "the sound" of the True album.[21]

In 1981 the band recorded "Chant No. 1" with the British jazz-funk group Beggar and Co acting as their horn section, and Steve Norman, who had been the band's guitarist and percussionist on its first two albums, subsequently felt inspired to take up the saxophone.[21][i] Kemp recalled he and Norman enjoying hearing the instrument as teenagers on songs by Smokey Robinson and Stevie Wonder as well as the hit "Shame" by Evelyn "Champagne" King.[21][j] Kemp decided that their foray into pop on the new album would use the saxophone in the same vein as the soul music they enjoyed growing up. Once he found this new direction for their music, he suddenly had the urge to write several songs.[21][k] In an early 1983 interview with Record Mirror magazine, he confessed feeling that the songs for this album were the best that he had ever written and explained that he went back to writing what sounded good with just an acoustic guitar. He discussed the difficulty of trying to focus on more personal subjects without sounding derivative and how he had overcome his fear of being honest in his music.[22][l] He said, "I honestly wanted to make an album that would cross all ages and become timeless. I said to Tony Swain, 'I like Daryl Hall and John Oates, and I want the album to sound as smooth as that but with a British edge to it.' I think it's got that."[22]

"True"

In 1981, Kemp met Altered Images lead singer Clare Grogan and, despite already having a girlfriend, found himself infatuated with her because of their common interests. By the time he started writing songs for the album, he was primarily listening to music by Marvin Gaye and Al Green[23] and wanted to write a blue-eyed soul version of their style of music[24][m] that was based on his own experience.[1]: 12:48 [n] Grogan had given him a copy of the novel Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov as a gift, so he incorporated a couple of phrases he had underlined while reading it into the lyrics[19] – "pill on my tongue" and "seaside limbs", which became "seaside arms" – in order to convey his feelings in a way that she would recognise.[23] He told Wilson he was still getting questioned about the meaning of "seaside arms" or criticised for his paraphrasing of the expression.[1]: 13:17 [o][25][p]

"Gold"

Once Kemp decided to start writing pop songs, the first idea he chose to explore was paying homage to film scores as he had attempted on "She Loved Like Diamond", only this time focusing specifically on John Barry and his work on the James Bond series. The title of the song, "Gold", was inspired by Shirley Bassey's 1964 hit Bond theme "Goldfinger".[1]: 16:56 [q] Because he and his brother, Martin, who was the bassist for the band, were still living with their parents as he began writing songs for the album,[23] it was convenient to have his brother listen to what he had just written and play it with him on his bass to see if it sounded like what he intended, and this song was one Martin loved.[12][r]

Cover art

Kemp was competing for Grogan's attention with Altered Images cover artist David Band and asked him to work with Spandau Ballet on the design for the new album.[26] Because they were both seeing their careers take off during their attempts to court Grogan, they went camping together a few times in the English Lake District as a way of escaping their success.[27][s] Kemp recalled, "We first started to devise a cover together for the True album when we were up in the mountains, in one of the pubs one evening. He was drawing in his sketchbook and a dove appeared, this little dove."[27] Band later added alongside it the outline of a man's head with a brimmed hat, which the band loved;[26] a variation was used for the sleeve of the "True" single. His work was described as "a marker for the look of the time, a jazz-influenced style that could also be seen in an exaggerated fashion in the New Romantic look."[27] Kemp credits him with having "the skill of coming up with simple, figurative graphics that would set a visual tone for the decade."[26] In 2012 he told The Herald:[27]

I felt David was tuning into something visually and graphically that was in the air anyway. But he was the first to do that. David set the tone for a certain look. A lot of people picked up on it. He was creating something new that was inspiring everyone.

Release and commercial performance

True was released on 4 March 1983 and received silver certification from the British Phonographic Industry on 9 March for reaching the 60,000 units of shipment threshold.[28] It entered the UK Albums Chart on 12 March to begin a chart run of 90 weeks, one of which was at number 1.[29] Gold certification for reaching 100,000 units was issued on 11 April, and platinum (300,000 units) came the following month on 23 May.[28] It also reached the top spot in the Netherlands[30] and New Zealand[31] and performed well in other countries.[t] In the US, the album debuted on Billboard magazine's Top LPs & Tapes chart in the issue dated 14 May 1983 and peaked at number 19 during a 37-week run.[36]

To commemorate its 20th anniversary, a remastered version of "True" was released on 29 April 2003 as a single CD with the original eight tracks along with the music video for "Gold" and some home video footage of the band.[37] The original 8-track album was also issued in 2003 on the high-resolution super audio CD format as a Hybrid SACD (in stereo only).[38] In 2008, the album was given away free with copies of the Daily Mail newspaper.[39][u] In June 2010, a special edition was released on 2 CDs with a DVD as part of the 2010 Spandau Ballet reissues series, featuring remastered 12″ remixes and B-sides, plus a live concert.[40]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[41]
Record Mirror[42]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide[43]
Smash Hits7+12/10[44]

Billboard magazine gave the album a positive review upon its release in the US, noting that "Pleasure" and "Code of Love" "linger with the fresh feel of new music while owing to swing era rhythms, even MOR."[45] Most reviewers at the time, however, qualified their praise. Parke Puterbaugh of Rolling Stone magazine wrote, "You can shut your eyes while listening to True and almost imagine that Spandau Ballet has had nothing to do with clothes, makeup or any fashion-show pseudoevents" and concluded that the album was "a sleekly executed, surprisingly affecting record, and welcome proof that bunch of clotheshorses can place high in the musical stakes, too."[46] Don Mackay of Rip It Up also summed up his comments with a reference to their vestiary history: "While still some distance short of profundity, the result is generally pleasant enough with tracks like 'Communication', 'Lifeline' and 'Foundation' at least proving that the Ballet really can dance. Perhaps there's life in the old clotheshorses yet."[47] Trouser Press magazine's Ira Robbins also counted "Communication" and "Lifeline" as album highlights, adding, "The remaining six cuts aren't as noteworthy, but at least aren't objectionable or off-putting."[48] Dave Rimmer of Smash Hits conceded that "there's nothing here as awful as, say, '[She Loved Like] Diamond', but on the other hand nothing as brilliant as 'Chant No. 1'. True is less interesting than previous Spandau LPs, but much more enjoyable."[44] Record Mirror's Betty Page warned,[22]

Enter into True with a mind truly free of preconceptions, and you'll wallow in a chunk of creamy, dreamy funk with satisfyingly rounded edges. Turn a cynical eye to who you're dealing with and where they've come from and you'll find plenty of cannon fodder.

Gavin Martin of the New Musical Express wrote a long, scathing review of the album, which he opened by describing the band as "slimy" and "ingratiating" with "opportunist, vaguely plagiaristic whims and indulgences". He called the album "milksop funk pap", "bland feckless goo" and "doleful emasculation". Regarding Kemp's songwriting, he wrote,[49]

Despite all the talk of inner strength and celebrations of the highlife elsewhere, the music is stale and rigid with a backline that fairly grinds along where it should be bright and alert. As a pop band Spandau are too pedestrian, too tied up in their own self-important world to provide a sharp/indignant/imaginative insight to the times; and as a "soul" band, well, they're fooling no one.

Retrospective reviews were mixed. Paul Evans wrote a brief summary review of most of their album discography in The Rolling Stone Album Guide and gave True three stars out of five without much to recommend. At his most complimentary, he opined, "Tony Hadley developed a way of vocalizing that joined the heavy dramatics of Bryan Ferry to the lounge act 'feeling' of a Gary Puckett or a bad Bobby Darin." Of all their albums, he concluded, "True remains creepily fascinating."[43] Dan LeRoy of AllMusic complimented "the growing skill of guitarist Gary Kemp, the band's primary songwriter, who crafted a set of tunes aimed squarely at the charts." Like Rimmer, however, he did not find anything as interesting as their previous UK hits:[41]

Some listeners at the time called the album an MOR sellout, but its slick surfaces remain tough to resist, and while none of the cuts generate the excitement of past singles like "To Cut a Long Story Short" or "Chant No. 1," True remains Spandau Ballet's most consistent and best all-around album.

Singles and videos

Swain and Jolley's selection for their tryout as producers, "Lifeline", became the first single released from the album and debuted on the UK Singles Chart dated 2 October 1982. It peaked at number 7 during its 9 weeks there[7] and reached the pop charts in other countries.[v] In the US it "bubbled under" Billboard magazine's Hot 100 to number 108,[52] and it was paired with "Communication" when it appeared on their Dance/Disco Top 80 chart.[53] The US chart appearances coincided with the airing of the music video on MTV in the spring of 1983.[54] Critics were divided, with some finding it bland[55][56] and others appreciating the R&B-style vocals.[48][41]

Lead singer Tony Hadley was prominently and sometimes exclusively featured in the album's music videos.

The album was completed in December 1982,[57] but Kemp explained that when the next single needed to be chosen, the band's manager, Steve Dagger, "didn't want to go with a ballad next and recommended another up-tempo first. 'Communication' got the band vote. Why we didn't go straight for 'True' or 'Gold' as the next single, I'm not sure. Maybe we felt their success would be automatic and wanted to save them for later, during the album's release."[58] "Communication" debuted on the UK Singles Chart on 12 February 1983 and reached number 12 over the course of 10 weeks.[7] It also charted in other countries,[w] and, in addition to its dance chart pairing with "Lifeline" in the US in the spring of 1983, it made the Billboard Hot 100 in the spring of 1984, after "True" and "Gold", the third and fourth singles from the album, completed their chart runs there.[62] Reviews were mostly good; some critics complimented Hadley's vocals[63][48] and appreciated what they felt was a scaled-back approach,[64] but others still found it overdone.[65] The music video for the song was made to look like a theatrical film,[22] and, in order to increase his visibility, Hadley was the only band member to appear in it.[66]

The title song began 15 weeks on the UK Singles Chart in April 1983 and spent four weeks at number one.[7] It also went to the top spot in Canada[67] and Ireland[68] and made the top ten in several other countries,[x] including the US, where it got as high as number four on the Hot 100[62] and spent a week at number one on Billboard's Adult Contemporary chart.[75] It received a variety of responses from critics, with some finding it flawless[76][77] and others disliking it.[78][43] Hadley felt that their choice to wear suits for the music video had given their US audience a misleading first impression since "True" was very different from the hits they had elsewhere.[79]: 21:37 

"Gold" was the fourth UK single from the album and spent nine weeks on the pop chart there, two of which were at number two.[7] Although it made the top ten in several other countries,[y] it only got as high as number 29 in the US.[62] The music video alternated shots of the band performing the song with a storyline in which Hadley played a character who wandered the sun-baked streets and outskirts of Carmona, Spain, searching for pieces that made up a gold puzzle. Critics were again in disagreement as some showed appreciation,[82][83] others contempt.[84][85]

Chrysalis wanted to release "Heaven Is a Secret" as a fifth single in the UK; however the band refused this.[86] In limited European release at the end of 1983, "Pleasure" reached number 27 in the Netherlands,[87] number 32 in Belgium,[88] and number 61 in West Germany.[89] In reviews of the album, "Pleasure" elicited the same divided response as some of the previous singles. Page described it as "smoothly mournful",[22] but Martin used the song's lyrics as an example of Kemp "attempting to present characters that are strong and noble with dignity and high moral purpose", concluding, "Even [Spandau Ballet's] leisure time becomes a virtual religious experience."[49]

Aftermath

The number 29 showing by "Gold" in the US was the first signal to Kemp that Chrysalis America was not promoting them.[90][z] "Communication" only reached number 59 in the US in 1984, and "Only When You Leave", the first single from their next album, Parade, became their last Hot 100 entry when it peaked at number 34 later that year.[62] Kemp was unhappy with those performances as well[90][aa] and blamed the low numbers on a perceived conflict between Chrysalis founders Chris Wright and Terry Ellis distracting them from promotional efforts.[90][ab] Wright refused to license the band to a bigger label in the US, so they sought legal advice to get out of their contract.[91] The disappointing chart performance in the US led Spandau Ballet to leave Chrysalis for CBS Records, which released their Parade follow-up, Through the Barricades, in 1986.[92]

The problem, I think, with America is that you didn't have the pre-history, if you like. You didn't have "To Cut a Long Story Short", "Chant No. 1", except on a kind of club, cult-y level … on the coasts. So in mainstream America the first thing they saw were five really smart-looking young guys who every mother loved ... they didn't get the gritty bit before, so [the success of 'True' there] was a blessing and it was a curse.

– Tony Hadley[1]: 21:37 

Hadley felt that the band's inability to sustain the interest of the American public resulted from a few other factors working against them, primarily that their big US hit was very different to what they had already succeeded with elsewhere.[93][ac] Kemp had said in an interview before "Gold"'s US release that he hoped it would give Americans a more balanced view of Spandau Ballet.[94][ad] Although some American concert attendees knew their old songs, he hoped their upcoming US tour would show the rest who came that "True" was not the sort of song they normally did.[94][ae]

In retrospect, however, Hadley felt they needed to spend several months touring the US so that more audiences could hear that back catalogue and not doing so also hurt their record sales there.[92][af] They played "True" at the 1985 Live Aid concert, but instead of using their brief time on stage to showcase one of their earlier hits, Dagger wanted them to play "Virgin" from their upcoming Through the Barricades album, which even Kemp admitted was not a good idea.[95] Hadley felt Dagger was inexperienced, but whenever he suggested getting a manager with more knowledge about the business, the rest of the band balked.[92][ag]

Kemp told Creem in 1984 that he would continue to write for the larger audience Spandau Ballet had acquired with "True" but it would not be making albums that sounded like the last just because it did well.[94][ah] But, just as he had developed writer's block in 1981 after "Chant No. 1" became their highest-charting single,[8] having a UK number one put pressure on Kemp to churn out more chart-topping hits and left him feeling that the band would always judge his future output against "True".[96][ai] When the Through the Barricades album and its singles failed to chart in the US, Kemp chided himself for exploring so many genres and not simply trying to write more hit songs that were imitations of "True".[97][aj]

Track listing

All tracks are written by Gary Kemp

No.TitleLength
1."Pleasure"3:35
2."Communication"3:40
3."Code of Love"5:11
4."Gold"4:51
5."Lifeline"3:36
6."Heaven Is a Secret"4:27
7."Foundation"4:08
8."True"6:30
True – 2003 edition (bonus tracks)
No.TitleLength
9."Home Video Footage" (multimedia) 
10."Gold" (music video) 
True –2010 edition (bonus disc)
No.TitleLength
1."Lifeline" (7″ short dub)3:37
2."Communication" (7″ edited club version)2:44
3."Gold" (12″ version)7:14
4."Lifeline" (12″ version)5:26
5."Communication" (12″ version)4:28
6."Lifeline" (12″ dub)5:17
7."True" (2002 version)6:42
8."Gold" (instrumental)2:44
9."Lifeline" (acappella)2:02
10."True" (instrumental)5:36
11."Code of Love" (live at Sadler's Wells, 1 May 1983)5:39
12."The Freeze" (live at Sadler's Wells, 1 May 1983)2:16
13."Glow" (live at Sadler's Wells, 1 May 1983)3:42
14."Heaven Is a Secret" (live at Sadler's Wells, 1 May 1983)4:51

Personnel

Spandau Ballet

Additional musician

  • Jess Bailey – keyboards

Technical

  • Spandau Ballet – production
  • Steve Jolley – production
  • Tony Swain – production, engineering
  • Richard Lengyel – engineering assistance
  • Tim Young – mastering
  • David Band – art direction, illustration
  • Lynn Goldsmith – photography
  • Stephen Horsfall – typography
  • Mixed at Red Bus Studios (London)
  • Mastered at CBS Studios (London)

Charts

Certifications

Certifications for True
RegionCertificationCertified units/sales
Germany (BVMI)[106]Gold250,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[107]Platinum100,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[108]Platinum15,000^
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[109]Gold50,000^
Sweden (GLF)[110]Gold50,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[28]Platinum300,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

Notes

  1. ^ "Every seminal moment in British youth culture had had a band or artist that represented it: skiffle – Lonnie Donegan … punk – the Sex Pistols. We knew, even then, that Blitz and all it entailed and encouraged was going to be an important chapter in the story of London youth and their street-found fashions; and so, in a basement studio on Islington's Holloway Road, the Angel boys were busily trying to create a band who'd embody this latest twist in the tale."[2]
  2. ^ "  our future sound had to be like the one we heard every Tuesday night. If we were to attempt to be the band that represented this new cult, then we had to be absolutely ready."[3]
  3. ^ "Unlike second marriages, second albums are notoriously difficult. Journeys had been developed over some time and played live before we went into the recording studio, with some songs being discarded at the last minute. It was a mission statement, cohesive and tight, with none of the indulgence that often plagues follow-ups."[5]
  4. ^ "'Look, Diamond has just come out; it can't survive without another single from it.' … 'I'm worried it won’t be enough just to release "Instinction". We need something else. A remix maybe.' Remix was a business euphemism for SOS. But Dagger was right – the song had more pop in it than anything we'd ever done …"[9]
  5. ^ "At the end of the second album there was a feeling, you know, there were some of the kids we were hanging out with at the time who were going, 'We can't follow these guys anymore. They've been on Top of the Pops six times.' It's not really cult, is it? And I sort of realized that I didn't have to keep chasing 'What's the latest rhythm that I need to write to? What sound are all my friends wanting to dance to in that club?' I could just actually breathe and write a song, and it would not be written from the beat upwards or the riff."[11]
  6. ^ "In a way, what we were doing—'cause punk was so anti-establishment and so anti-being commercial, we were trying to be subversive by saying, 'We want to be commercial. We want to sell lots of records. We'll sell them on our terms, and we'll look like this and we'll play this kind of music. But it's about getting in the charts for us.'"[1]
  7. ^ "I remember thinking that we no longer wanted to be a cult band. We'd always been about what was hip, but it's impossible to keep that going when you've been on Top of the Pops six times."[19]
  8. ^ "  and we wanted-- I wrote it in the lyric. 'I bought a ticket to the world', and that's what we wanted to do."
  9. ^ "  the sax, an inspiration from the Beggar & Co. sessions, fell easily into his hands."[21]
  10. ^ "As teenagers we'd listen endlessly to the blowing on Smokey and Stevie's hits, as well as, more recently, Evelyn Champagne King's sublime 'Shame' — with its silky sax breaks it had been on constant rotation for us since our cruising around Bournemouth during Easter weekend 1978."[21]
  11. ^ "And so the sound of the sax felt very much like home and we loved the sweet, nostalgic voice it gave us. It was the sound of soul; it would be the sound of the new album. And the songs had started to arrive quickly: 'Communication'; 'Code Of Love'; 'Heaven Is A Secret'; 'Lifeline'."[21]
  12. ^ "It's a much more song-orientated album, going back to the way I used to write, songs that sounded really good with just me and an acoustic guitar. I think they're the best things I've ever written, easily. The songs are more personal as well for me. Writing songs about relationships is hard. I used to think it was easy. Let's write songs about people in rooms in the East. But nobody can relate to that. The hard thing is doing it in an original way AND being personal … When you get into the music business you tend to get scared of being honest in your music, but this time I didn't care at all."[22]
  13. ^ "I think I wanted to write a song that was a bit like a Marvin Gaye, Al Green song, a blue-eyed soul song."[24]
  14. ^ "You're sitting at home, and there's the music in your head, and I say, That's the song I want to write. So then you use it as a springboard to go into your truth, you know."[1]
  15. ^ "We all look for influences in our life, and I had a slightly unrequited passion for a particular lovely woman—girl … And I actually got a little gift from this girl, and it was the book Lolita by Nabokov. And there was some lyrics that I twisted in there. I mean, people are always saying, 'What are you talking about? Seaside arms? What's that about? Really! What a naff lyric!'"[1]
  16. ^ "I was ridiculed for that for years. 'What's that line about? It's stupid.'"
  17. ^ "I wanted to do a James Bond theme song. That's what was in my head. I loved John Barry. I loved the chords, the sort of … eastern European chords. And Gold was obviously from "Goldfinger", I guess, you know … It was about trying to make a movie theme."[1]
  18. ^ "I'd work on an idea and then call Martin in to play it to him. It was my young-brother whistle-test. He'd trot down from watching telly and then cringe, nod or "wow" accordingly. He'd play along with his bass and I'd get a sense if I was going in the right direction or not. 'Gold' he loved, and more came quickly."[12]
  19. ^ "We liked hiking. So our passion was to go to the mountains. I went to the Lake District with him a few times and we camped up there together. We were living through this great heightened period in the eighties of celebrity and success and yet David and I would like to bury ourselves away and become two small creatures climbing in the mountains, and I think that was very bonding."[27]
  20. ^ The album peaked at number 4 in Australia,[32] number 8 in Canada[33] and West Germany[34] and number 13 in Sweden.[35]
  21. ^ "In September 2008 the Daily Mail came up with the ultimate promotion. On twelve consecutive days they gave away an original 80s album. It started off with Spandau Ballet's True' '…"[39]
  22. ^ "Lifeline" peaked at number 68 in Australia,[32] number 11 in Ireland,[50] and number 33 in New Zealand.[51]
  23. ^ "Communication" reached number 24 in Australia,[32] number 13 in Ireland,[59] number 10 in New Zealand,[60] and number 19 in Sweden.[61]
  24. ^ "True" reached number 3 in Spain,[69] number 4 in Australia,[32] the Netherlands[70] and New Zealand,[71] number 5 in Switzerland[72] and number 9 in Belgium[73] and West Germany.[74]
  25. ^ "Gold" reached number 2 in the Netherlands,[70] number 3 in Belgium,[80] number 4 in Ireland[68] and Spain,[69] number 8 in New Zealand[81] and number 9 in Australia.[32]
  26. ^ "America was not going to plan. 'Gold' had been a hit, although not as big as 'True' ... While we were selling large amounts in Europe and the rest of the world, Chrysalis America were not pulling their weight."[90]
  27. ^ "'Communication' and 'Only When You Leave' had fallen away early."[90]
  28. ^ "The spat between Wright and Ellis, the two company owners, was worsening and it seemed to us we were being affected like the children of a disintegrating marriage."[90]
  29. ^ "It wasn't typical of our music as a whole - if anything, it was atypical - and there was a danger it could pigeonhole us in the eyes of the American market as five blokes in suits singing a ballad."[93]
  30. ^ "I'm glad 'Gold' is going to do well over here; it's shaking off the enigma of (the song) 'True'. It's selling us as a band. The thing that worried us about America is people didn't know Spandau Ballet, they knew 'True'. 'True' is a much stronger song if they know where it's coming from."[94]
  31. ^ "Spandau Ballet's history is important so people know what the band are. Certain people in America do; we've noticed on tour the back catalog are quite well known by a lot of the audience. People who only know Spandau Ballet for the soft focus image on 'True' ... well, we wanted to come over and show ourselves with all our hard edges, transport our history over to America."[94]
  32. ^ "The fact was, we had proved ourselves capable of balancing a ballad like 'True' with electro-pop and funk, but we couldn't quite get the U.S. market to understand that. We needed to spend months touring, letting them hear the whole repertoire, but we never did. "[92]
  33. ^ "A couple of times I suggested we bring in a more experienced manager. It wasn't about ditching Steve Dagger. I just thought it made sense to have someone working with us who knew more about the business than we did. We were all - Steve included - as inexperienced as each other, learning (or not) as we went along. It wouldn’t have hurt to have someone with more commercial know-how on our side. No one else saw it that way. They were wary of bringing in outsiders. "[92]
  34. ^ "If I can, I'll be writing songs that appeal to that amount of people. Doesn't mean to say I'm going to stick to an equation now, 'cause we never have. The next album won't sound like True just because True sold so well."[94]
  35. ^ "With 'True' I'd created my own competition, setting a personal benchmark almost impossible to reach again. A hit song of that nature takes on a legend of its own: people's lives become personally involved in it; they fall in love and get married to it; and a hungry band wants more of it. That kind of iconic status needs time. But whatever I brought to the rehearsal table would only be judged by 'True'."[96]
  36. ^ "[Dagger] was haunted by the lack of interest shown by them towards the Barricades album, which was ironic, given America was the reason we'd joined them in the first place. 'It's my fault, Steve,' I told him one day. 'I keep changing our style. I should have just written "True" over and over again.'"[97]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Kemp, Gary (24 June 2013). "Spandau Ballet (A-Side)". Mastertapes. Series 2. UK. BBC. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  2. ^ a b Kemp 2009, p. 95
  3. ^ a b Kemp 2009, p. 93
  4. ^ Kemp 2009, p. 106
  5. ^ a b Kemp 2009, pp. 152–153
  6. ^ Kemp 2009, pp. 134–135
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Spandau Ballet | full Official Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  8. ^ a b Kemp 2009, p. 153
  9. ^ a b Kemp 2009, p. 162
  10. ^ Kemp 2009, p. 163
  11. ^ a b Kemp, Gary (11 July 2018). "Richard Strange Interviews Gary Kemp – HiBrow". YouTube. Hibrow TV. Archived from the original on 27 September 2021. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  12. ^ a b c Kemp 2009, p. 170
  13. ^ a b Kemp 2009, pp. 170–171
  14. ^ Earls, John. "Making Spandau Ballet: Journeys To Glory". Classic Pop. Anthem Publishing. Archived from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  15. ^ Birch, Ian (30 September – 13 October 1982). "The Brothers". Smash Hits. Vol. 4, no. 20. p. 48.
  16. ^ Kemp 2009, pp. 174–175
  17. ^ Lifeline (7-inch single liner notes). Spandau Ballet. Chrysalis Records. 1982. CHS 2642.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  18. ^ Kemp 2009, p. 181
  19. ^ a b c d e Simpson, Dave; Kemp, Gary; Norman, Steve (14 May 2012). "How we made: Gary Kemp and Steve Norman on True". The Guardian. London.
  20. ^ Hadley 2004, pp. 109–110
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Kemp 2009, p. 173
  22. ^ a b c d e f Page, Betty (12 February 1983). "Let's Spand the Night Together". Record Mirror. p. 14.
  23. ^ a b c Myers, Marc (27 December 2017). "The Story Behind the Making of Spandau Ballet's 'True'". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 17 April 2022. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  24. ^ a b Dvorkin, Ashley (4 May 2015). "Story Behind the Song: Spandau Ballet's 1983 hit single 'True'". Fox News. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  25. ^ Bernstein, Jonathan (4 October 2014). "Spandau Ballet's True story: 1980s pop stars on how their hits were written". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 17 May 2022. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
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  27. ^ a b c d e "Painting a bigger picture: David Band remembered". The Herald. 20 April 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  28. ^ a b c "British album certifications – Spandau Ballet – True". British Phonographic Industry. 23 May 1983. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  29. ^ a b "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  30. ^ a b "Dutchcharts.nl – Spandau Ballet – True" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
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  33. ^ a b "Top RPM Albums: Issue 4379a". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  34. ^ a b "Offiziellecharts.de – Spandau Ballet – True" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  35. ^ a b "Swedishcharts.com – Spandau Ballet – True". Hung Medien. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  36. ^ a b "Spandau Ballet Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  37. ^ "True [20th Anniversary Expanded Edition] – Spandau Ballet". AllMusic. Retrieved 13 December 2022.
  38. ^ "Chrysalis Records Releases Spandau Ballet on Hybrid SACD". highfidelityreview.com. 15 July 2003. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  39. ^ a b Jones, Graham (2010). Last Shop Standing: Whatever Happened to Record Shops?. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-857-12417-3. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
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  41. ^ a b c LeRoy, Dan. "True – Spandau Ballet". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  42. ^ Page, Betty (5 March 1983). "True or Waltz? Spandau Ballet: True (Chrysalis CDL1403)". Record Mirror. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  43. ^ a b c Evans, Paul (2004). "Spandau Ballet". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. p. 764. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  44. ^ a b Rimmer, Dave (3–16 March 1983). "Spandau Ballet: True". Smash Hits. Vol. 5, no. 5. p. 41.
  45. ^ "Billboard's Top Album Picks >Billboard's Recommended LPs >Spandau Ballet - True" (PDF). Billboard. 23 April 1983. p. 61. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  46. ^ Puterbaugh, Parke (29 September 1983). "True: Spandau Ballet (Chrysalis)". Rolling Stone. No. RS405. p. 68.
  47. ^ Mackay, Don (1 June 1983). "Briefs > Spandau Ballet: True". Rip It Up. p. 28. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  48. ^ a b c Robbins, Ira (August 1983). "Spandau Ballet: True (Chrysalis)". Trouser Press. Retrieved 16 October 2022.
  49. ^ a b Martin, Gavin (5 March 1983). "Spandau Ballet: True (Chrysalis)". New Musical Express. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  50. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Lifeline". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 6 November 2022.
  51. ^ "Charts.nz – Spandau Ballet – Lifeline". Hung Medien. Retrieved 6 November 2022.
  52. ^ "Bubbling Under The Hot 100" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 95, no. 24. 11 June 1983. p. 89. ISSN 0006-2510 – via World Radio History.
  53. ^ "Spandau Ballet Chart History (Dance Club Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 6 November 2022.
  54. ^ "Video Music Programming" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 95, no. 19. 7 May 1983. p. 30. ISSN 0006-2510.
  55. ^ Cooper, Mark (25 September 1982). "Spandau Ballet: "Lifeline"". Record Mirror. Vol. 29, no. 39. p. 22.
  56. ^ "45s". Rip It Up. 1 December 1982. p. 26. Retrieved 8 April 2022.
  57. ^ True (record sleeve). Spandau Ballet. London: Chrysalis Records. 1983. CDL 1403.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  58. ^ Kemp 2009, pp. 185–186
  59. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Communication". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 17 November 2022.
  60. ^ "Charts.nz – Spandau Ballet – Communication". Hung Medien. Retrieved 17 November 2022.
  61. ^ "swedishcharts.com – Spandau Ballet – Communication". Hung Medien. Retrieved 17 November 2022.
  62. ^ a b c d "Spandau Ballet Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 17 November 2022.
  63. ^ "Feature Picks" (PDF). Cashbox. 7 April 1984. p. 7. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  64. ^ "Spandau Ballet - Communication" (PDF). Record Business. 14 February 1983. p. 19. Retrieved 21 November 2022.
  65. ^ Dellar, Fred (3–16 February 1983). "Spandau Ballet: "Communication"". Smash Hits. Vol. 5, no. 3. p. 31. Retrieved 21 November 2022.
  66. ^ Kemp 2009, p. 186
  67. ^ "RPM 50 Singles". RPM. 17 July 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  68. ^ a b "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Spandau Ballet". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
  69. ^ a b Fernando Salaverri (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  70. ^ a b "Spandau Ballet – Top 40 Hitdossier-artiesten". top40.nl. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  71. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Spandau Ballet – True". Hung Medien. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  72. ^ "Spandau Ballet – True – hitparade.ch". Swiss Hitparade. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  73. ^ "Spandau Ballet – True – ultratop.be". Ultratop. Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  74. ^ "Spandau Ballet – True – Offizielle Deutsche Charts". GfK Entertainment charts. Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  75. ^ "Spandau Ballet Chart History: Adult Contemporary". Billboard. Retrieved 17 November 2022.
  76. ^ Soave, Daniela (23 April 1983). "Spandau Ballet: "True"". Record Mirror. p. 19. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  77. ^ Larsen, Peter (25 January 2015). "Spandau Ballet stays 'True' to its sound". Orange County Register. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  78. ^ Hann, Michael (25 March 2009). "Spandau Ballet: The sound of Thatcherism". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  79. ^ Kemp, Gary (24 June 2013). "Spandau Ballet (A-Side)". Mastertapes. Series 2. UK. BBC. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
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  81. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Spandau Ballet – Gold". Hung Medien. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  82. ^ "Billboard's Top Single Picks >Pop >Spandau Ballet - Gold" (PDF). Billboard. 12 November 1983. p. 66. Retrieved 14 September 2022.
  83. ^ Gardner, Mike (6 August 1983). "Spandau Ballet: "Gold"". Record Mirror. p. 8. Retrieved 24 August 2022.
  84. ^ Martin, Gavin (5 March 1983). "Spandau Ballet: True (Chrysalis)". New Musical Express. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  85. ^ Gittins, Ian (1 October 2014). "Spandau Ballet review – return of the shoulder-heaving soul boys". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  86. ^ "True - Spandau Ballet". timstwitterlisteningparty.com. Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  87. ^ "Spandau Ballet – Dutch Charts". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  88. ^ "Spandau Ballet – ultratop.be". Ultratop. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  89. ^ "Spandau Ballet – Pleasure – Offizielle Deutsche Charts". GfK Entertainment charts. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  90. ^ a b c d e f Kemp 2009, p. 224
  91. ^ Hadley 2004, pp. 237–238
  92. ^ a b c d e Hadley 2004, p. 132
  93. ^ a b Hadley 2004, pp. 131–132
  94. ^ a b c d e f Kaye, Annene (May 1984). "Spandau Ballet: UP, UP, and Away". Creem. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  95. ^ Kemp 2009, p. 227
  96. ^ a b Kemp 2009, p. 208
  97. ^ a b Kemp 2009, p. 258
  98. ^ Kent 1993, p. 435
  99. ^ "The Top Albums of 1983". RPM. Vol. 39, no. 17. 24 December 1983. p. 15. ISSN 0033-7064 – via Library and Archives Canada.
  100. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 1983" (in Dutch). Dutch Charts. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  101. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts – 1983" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  102. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 1983". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  103. ^ Scaping, Peter, ed. (1984). "Top 100 LPs: 1983". BPI Year Book 1984. British Phonographic Industry. pp. 44–45. ISBN 0-906154-04-9.
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  105. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 1984" (in Dutch). Dutch Charts. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  106. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Spandau Ballet; 'True')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
  107. ^ "Dutch album certifications – Spandau Ballet – True" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved 20 September 2019. Enter True in the "Artiest of titel" box. Select 1983 in the drop-down menu saying "Alle jaargangen".
  108. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Spandau Ballet – True". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
  109. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  110. ^ "Mike Watts, Mike Allen with Lars Olof-Helen (Sonet, Sweden) Presenting Gold Albums for "True" to Spandau Ballet Very Early Morning …" (PDF). Music & Media. 25 June 1984. p. 17. Retrieved 10 October 2019.

Bibliography

  • Hadley, Tony (2004). To Cut a Long Story Short. Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 978-0-283-07386-1.
  • Kemp, Gary (2009). I Know This Much: From Soho to Spandau. London: Fourth Estate. ISBN 978-0-00-732330-2.
  • Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.

Artist(s)

Veröffentlichungen von Spandau Ballet die im OTRS erhältlich sind/waren:

40 Years: The Greatest Hits ¦ Through The Barricades ¦ To Cut A Long Story Short ¦ Parade ¦ Gold: The Best Of Spandau Ballet ¦ True

Spandau Ballet auf Wikipedia (oder andere Quellen):

Spandau Ballet war eine New-Romantic-Band sowie Pop- und Dance-Band. Sie wurde in den späten 1970er Jahren gegründet und stammt aus dem Londoner Stadtbezirk Islington. Ihre größten Erfolge feierte sie zwischen Herbst 1980 und Frühjahr 1987, darunter waren Hits wie To Cut a Long Story Short, Chant No. 1 (I Don’t Need This Pressure On), True, Gold, Through the Barricades und Fight for Ourselves.

Mitte 1990 löste sich die Gruppe auf. Fast 20 Jahre später kehrte die Originalbesetzung im Herbst 2009 wieder mit einem neuen Album und Live-Auftritten zurück.

Bandgeschichte

Anfänge

Die Schulfreunde Gary Kemp und Steve Norman besuchten die Dame Alice Owen’s School im Londoner Stadtteil Islington. Sie teilten das Interesse an Musik und wollten eine Band gründen. Die Band gründete sich 1976 und nannte sich zunächst The Roots, mit Kemp und Norman an der Gitarre. Norman übernahm später Saxofon und Percussion. Später stieß der Mitschüler John Keeble dazu, der Norman kennengelernt hatte, als er sein Schlagzeug im Musikraum der Schule lagerte. Die Drei trafen sich regelmäßig in den Mittagspausen zum Proben. Nach Keeble stieß der Bassist Michael Ellison zur Band. Tony Hadley, ein Bekannter von Norman, übernahm den Gesang und komplettierte das Quintett. Man spielte überwiegend Coverversionen etwa von den Rolling Stones oder den Kinks.

Nach einigen Monaten wurde Michael Ellison am Bass durch Richard Miller ersetzt, bis zuletzt Gary Kemps Bruder Martin Kemp einige Jahre später zur Band stieß und die Rolle des Bassisten übernahm. Zu dieser Zeit hatten die Gruppe bereits einige Live-Erfahrung gesammelt. Steve Dagger, ein gemeinsamer Freund der Bandmitglieder, wurde von Gary Kemp und Norman gebeten, das Management zu übernehmen. Dagger wurde schnell zum integralen Bestandteil des beginnenden und dauerhaften Erfolgs. Die Band benannte sich 1976[1] zunächst in The Makers, später in The Cut und dann in The Gentry um.[2]

Erfolge als Spandau Ballet

1979 änderten sie den Namen schließlich in Spandau Ballet. Der Journalist Robert Elms, der mit der Band befreundet war und für das britische Modemagazin The Face schrieb, sah diesen Namen an der Wand einer Toilette in einem Berliner Nachtklub im Zusammenhang mit dem Kriegsverbrechergefängnis in Berlin-Spandau, was die Musiker zu ihrem Bandnamen inspirierte. (Eine andere Erklärung ist die Übernahme eines sarkastischen militärischen Ausdruckes aus dem Ersten Weltkrieg. Alliierte Soldaten nannten das Bewegen von Leichen, die im Stacheldraht von Schützengrabensystemen hängend von deutschen Spandau-MGs getroffen wurden, „Spandau-Ballett“.[3]). Hinter der Umbenennung verbarg sich aber kein politischer Ansatz, im Gegenteil, die Gruppe gab sich zu Beginn ihrer Karriere betont unpolitisch. Der Musikstil wechselte ins Elektronische, als die Bandmitglieder häufig die Londoner Clubszene um das „Sally's“ und das „Blitz“ besuchten, wo sie mit der Musik von Kraftwerk und Telex in Kontakt kamen. Im „Blitz“ wurde die Modebewegung der New Romantics geboren, die sich selbst zunächst Blitz-Kids nannten.

Spandau Ballet war eine der ersten Bands dieser Musik- und Modebewegung. Die Band, die durch die Kontakte mit den angesagten Clubs bereits zu Beginn ihrer Laufbahn dort auftreten konnte, erspielte sich schnell eine große lokale Fangemeinde. Die ersten Auftritte der Band, beginnend am 17. November 1979 auf einer Privatfeier und organisiert vom eigentlichen Initiator der Band, dem Manager und Clubbesitzer Steve Dagger,[1] wurden durch Mundpropaganda gezielt in Clubs lanciert, ohne die Musikpresse oder interessierte Plattenfirmen einzuladen und um die „Rockisten“ zu verärgern, wie der Auftritt im Scala Kino im März 1980. (Ende 1979 hatte die Band von Chris Blackwell, dem Chef von Island Records, einen Plattenvertrag angeboten bekommen, den die Musiker jedoch ablehnten, weil sie eine eigene Plattenfirma ins Leben rufen wollten[1]). Dagger versendete auch keine Demobänder der Band und beeinflusste die Kritiken der Musikpresse durch gezielte Informationen. So schickte er Robert Elms mit einer Kritik zum NME und Barry Cain zum Record Mirror. Nach der Ausstrahlung der halbstündigen Dokumentation 20th Century Box für den Privatkanal London Weekend bemühten sich mehrere Major-Plattenlabel nach nur acht Auftritten der Band um einen Vertrag. Für Spandau Ballet kamen nur CBS und Chrysalis in die engere Wahl. Chrysalis bot eine Beteiligung von 14 % statt der üblichen 8 % und bekam den Zuschlag.[4] Vertraglich war dabei der Vertrieb des bandeigenen Labels Reformation durch Chrysalis Records geregelt.[1]

Mit der Unterzeichnung des Plattenvertrages im April 1980 kam sehr schnell der Erfolg. Die erste Single To Cut a Long Story Short schaffte es im November 1980 in nur zwei Wochen nach der Veröffentlichung in die britischen Charts und erreichte Platz 5, ebenso ihre erste LP Journeys to Glory (1981), die bereits zehn Tage nach den Studioaufnahmen veröffentlicht wurde. Die Alben Journeys to Glory und Diamond (1982) wurden vom Elektroniktüftler Richard James Burgess produziert, der auch am Sound der Band Visage beteiligt war, die ebenfalls zu den New Romantics zählen. Burgess prägte auch den Begriff „New Romantics“.[5]

Mit dem im Frühjahr 1983 von Tony Swain und Steve Jolley produzierten Album True und der gleichnamigen Single, die beide die Chartspitze in Großbritannien erreichten, stellte sich dann auch der langersehnte Erfolg jenseits des Atlantiks und in Asien ein. Swain und Jolley veränderten den Sound der Band von den für New-Romantic-Bands obligatorischen Synthesizern hin zum souligen Pop, der von Hadleys Stimme dominiert war. Es folgte das, wie die seit 1981 entstandenen Alben, „in einem gefälligen Disco-Stil“ gehaltene Top-10-Album Parade (1984); über belanglose Dance-Music deutlich hinausgehend schließlich die LP Through the Barricades (1986).[1] Allein in Großbritannien konnten sie zehn Singles in die Top Ten der Charts bringen, neben den genannten auch Musclebound/Glow, Chant No. 1 (Don’t Need This Pressure On), Instinction, Lifeline, Gold, Only When You Leave, I’ll Fly for You und Through the Barricades.

Ende 1984 war die Band an den Aufnahmen der Band-Aid-Single Do They Know It’s Christmas? beteiligt und nahm 1985 am Live-Aid-Projekt von Bob Geldof teil. Sie traten dort im Londoner Wembley-Stadion auf. Ende 1985 war die erfolgreiche LP The Singles Collection mit sämtlichen Single-Hits der Gruppe erschienen.

Nach Erscheinen der routinierte Pop- und Dance-Songs enthaltenden Platte Heart Like a Sky im Spätsommer 1989 begann der Erfolg zu bröckeln. Sie floppte für ihre Verhältnisse, auch wenn die LP und die Single-Auskopplungen Raw und Be Free With Your Love in den oberen Charts landeten.[1] Nach internen Zerwürfnissen, die teils auch vor Gericht ausgetragen wurden, ging man im Jahr darauf getrennte Wege.

Getrennte Wege und Reunion

Tony Hadley veröffentlichte im Frühjahr 1992 seine erste Soloplatte, und die Kemp-Brüder widmeten sich ab 1990 ihrer Schauspielkarriere. Für ihr Mitwirken als Hauptdarsteller in dem englischen Film The Krays von Peter Medak über die Kray-Zwillinge ernteten sie 1991 sehr gute Kritiken.

Gary Kemp spielte 1992 im Film Bodyguard eine Nebenrolle, Martin Kemp war in der britischen Seifenoper EastEnders zu sehen.

Gegen Ende der 1980er-Jahre, als die New Romantic-Welle verebbt war, erinnerte sich Gary Kemp an seine Kindheit im Londoner East End und an die Arbeiterklasse, der er entstammte. Er beteiligte sich am Projekt „Red Wedge“, das von Paul Weller ins Leben gerufen worden war und Jugendliche dazu bringen wollte, sich für (sozialdemokratische) Politik zu interessieren und zu engagieren.

Im März 2009 verkündete die Originalbesetzung von Spandau Ballet ihr Comeback und stand nach knapp 20 Jahren am 13. Oktober 2009 in Dublin erstmals wieder gemeinsam auf der Bühne. Für das im Herbst 2009 erschienene Album Once More wurden viele alte Hits mit neuem Arrangement aufgenommen. Die Welttournee führte die Band im März 2010 auch nach München, Berlin und Düsseldorf.

Am 31. Juli 2014 gab die Band auf ihrer Website bekannt, zusammen mit dem britischen Musikproduzenten Trevor Horn an einem neuen Album zu arbeiten.

Im Juli 2017 gab Hadley per Twitter seinen Ausstieg aus der Band bekannt.[6]

Als neuer Sänger der Band wurde Ross William Wild in die Band genommen, die er allerdings im Frühjahr 2019 zugunsten eigener musikalischer Werke wieder verließ.[7] Daraufhin kam es zur erneuten Auflösung der Band.

Diskografie

Studioalben

JahrTitelHöchstplatzierung, Gesamtwochen, AuszeichnungChartplatzierungenChartplatzierungen[8]
(Jahr, Titel, Plat­zie­rungen, Wo­chen, Aus­zeich­nungen, Anmer­kungen)
Anmerkungen
 DE CH UK US
1981Journeys to GloryUK5
Gold
Gold

(29 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 6. März 1981
1982DiamondUK15
Gold
Gold

(17 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 5. März 1982
1983TrueDE8
Gold
Gold

(42 Wo.)DE
UK1
Platin
Platin

(90 Wo.)UK
US21
(4 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 4. März 1983
1984ParadeDE7
(19 Wo.)DE
CH9
(9 Wo.)CH
UK2
Platin
Platin

(39 Wo.)UK
US50
(16 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 25. Mai 1984
1986Through the BarricadesDE9
(23 Wo.)DE
CH25
(1 Wo.)CH
UK7
Platin
Platin

(19 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 21. November 1986
1989Heart Like a SkyDE29
(11 Wo.)DE
UK31
(3 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 23. September 1989
2009Once MoreDE30
(3 Wo.)DE
UK7
Gold
Gold

(5 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 19. Oktober 2009

grau schraffiert: keine Chartdaten aus diesem Jahr verfügbar

Livealben

  • 2005: Live from the N. E. C. (2 CDs)

Kompilationen

JahrTitelHöchstplatzierung, Gesamtwochen, AuszeichnungChartplatzierungenChartplatzierungen[8]
(Jahr, Titel, Plat­zie­rungen, Wo­chen, Aus­zeich­nungen, Anmer­kungen)
Anmerkungen
 DE CH UK US
1985The Singles CollectionUK3
Doppelplatin
×2
Doppelplatin

(54 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 4. November 1985
1991The Best of Spandau BalletUK44
Silber
Silber

(3 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 16. September 1991
2000Gold – The Best of Spandau BalletUK7
Platin
Platin

(30 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 4. September 2000
2014The Story –
The Very Best of Spandau Ballet
UK8
Gold
Gold

(14 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 10. Oktober 2014
202040 Years – The Greatest HitsUK15
Silber
Silber

(4 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 27. November 2020

Weitere Kompilationen

  • 1986: The Twelve Inch Mixes
  • 1989: The Best Of
  • 1994: Greatest Hits
  • 1996: The Best of Spandau Ballet
  • 1997: The Collection
  • 2002: Reformation
  • 2003: The Collection II
  • 2005: The Essential
  • 2012: The Albums 1980–84 (Box mit 4 CDs)

Singles

JahrTitel
Album
Höchstplatzierung, Gesamtwochen, AuszeichnungChartplatzierungenChartplatzierungen[8]
(Jahr, Titel, Album, Plat­zie­rungen, Wo­chen, Aus­zeich­nungen, Anmer­kungen)
Anmerkungen
 DE CH UK US
1980To Cut a Long Story Short
Journeys to Glory
UK5
Silber
Silber

(11 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 3. November 1980
1981The Freeze
Journeys to Glory
UK17
(8 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 12. Januar 1981
Musclebound
Journeys to Glory
UK10
(10 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 23. März 1981
Chant No. 1 (I Don’t Need This Pressure On)
Diamond
UK3
Silber
Silber

(11 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 6. Juli 1981
Paint Me Down
Diamond
UK30
(5 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 2. November 1981
1982She Loved Like Diamond
Diamond
UK49
(4 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 11. Januar 1982
Instinction
Diamond
UK10
(10 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 29. März 1982
Lifeline
True
UK7
(9 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 20. September 1982
1983Communication
True
UK12
(10 Wo.)UK
US59
(7 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 31. Januar 1983
True
True
DE9
(17 Wo.)DE
CH5
(7 Wo.)CH
UK1
Platin
Platin

(15 Wo.)UK
US4
(18 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 11. April 1983
Gold
True
DE16
(16 Wo.)DE
UK2
Platin
Platin

(9 Wo.)UK
US29
(12 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 1. August 1983
Pleasure
True
DE61
(6 Wo.)DE
Erstveröffentlichung: November 1983
1984Only When You Leave
Parade
DE26
(12 Wo.)DE
CH20
(7 Wo.)CH
UK3
(13 Wo.)UK
US34
(12 Wo.)US
Erstveröffentlichung: 18. Mai 1984
I’ll Fly for You
Parade
UK9
(12 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 13. August 1984
Highly Strung
Parade
UK15
(8 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 8. Oktober 1984
Round and Round
Parade
UK18
(8 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 26. November 1984
1986Fight for Ourselves
Through the Barricades
DE32
(10 Wo.)DE
CH23
(5 Wo.)CH
UK15
(7 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 14. Juli 1986
Through the Barricades
Through the Barricades
DE14
(13 Wo.)DE
UK6
Silber
Silber

(10 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 27. Oktober 1986
1987How Many Lies?
Through the Barricades
UK34
(4 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 2. Februar 1987
1988Raw
Heart Like a Sky
UK47
(3 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 22. August 1988
1989Be Free with Your Love
Heart Like a Sky
DE52
(13 Wo.)DE
UK42
(4 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 14. August 1989
Empty Spaces
Heart Like a Sky
UK94
(2 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 13. November 1989
1990Crashed into Love
Heart Like a Sky
UK96
(2 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 12. Februar 1990
2009Once More
Once More
UK82
(1 Wo.)UK
Erstveröffentlichung: 19. Oktober 2009

Weitere Singles

  • 1985: The Smash Hits Interview (Flexi)
  • 1987: To Cut a Long Story Short
  • 2000: Gold (The Sun Mixes)
  • 2014: This Is the Love (VÖ: 3. Oktober)
  • 2015: Gold (Live 1983)

Videoalben

  • 1981: The Video Collection
  • 1987: Over Britain – Live in London!
  • 1990: Live
  • 1991: The Best of Spandau Ballet
  • 2004: Live from the N. E. C.
  • 2009: The Reformation Tour 2009: Live at the O2 (UK:GoldGold)
  • 2014: Soul Boys of the Western World

Auszeichnungen für Musikverkäufe

Goldene Schallplatte

  • Australien Australien
    • 1984: für das Album Parade
  • Kanada Kanada
    • 1983: für die Single True
  • Italien Italien
    • 2015: für das Album Once More
    • 2019: für die Single Through the Barricades
  • Japan Japan
    • 1985: für das Album Parade
  • Neuseeland Neuseeland
    • 1981: für das Album Journeys to Glory[9]
  • Niederlande Niederlande
    • 1986: für das Album Through the Barricades
  • Spanien Spanien
    • 1983: für das Album True
    • 1987: für das Album Through the Barricades
    • 1990: für das Album Heart Like a Sky
    • 2024: für die Single True

Platin-Schallplatte

  • Kanada Kanada
    • 1983: für das Album Spandau Ballet
  • Neuseeland Neuseeland
    • 1985: für das Album Parade[9]
    • 1986: für das Album The Singles Collection
  • Niederlande Niederlande
    • 1983: für das Album True
    • 1984: für das Album Parade
  • Spanien Spanien
    • 2001: für das Album Gold – The Best of Spandau Ballet

2× Platin-Schallplatte

Anmerkung: Auszeichnungen in Ländern aus den Charttabellen bzw. Chartboxen sind in ebendiesen zu finden.

Land/RegionAus­zeich­nung­en für Mu­sik­ver­käu­fe
(Land/Region, Auszeichnungen, Verkäufe, Quellen)
Silber Gold PlatinVer­käu­feQuel­len
 Australien (ARIA)0! S Gold10! P35.000worldradiohistory.com (PDF-Datei, S. 3)
 Deutschland (BVMI)0! S Gold10! P250.000musikindustrie.de
 Italien (FIMI)0! S 2× Gold20! P50.000fimi.it
 Japan (RIAJ)0! S Gold10! P100.000worldradiohistory.com (PDF-Datei, S. 5)
 Kanada (MC)0! S Gold1 Platin1150.000musiccanada.com
 Neuseeland (RMNZ)0! S Gold1 4× Platin490.000nztop40.co.nz
 Niederlande (NVPI)0! S Gold1 2× Platin2250.000nvpi.nl
 Spanien (Promusicae)0! S 4× Gold4 Platin1280.000elportaldemusica.es ES2
 Vereinigtes Königreich (BPI) 5× Silber5 5× Gold5 8× Platin84.395.000bpi.co.uk
Insgesamt 5× Silber5 17× Gold17 16× Platin16

Literatur

  • Martin Kemp: True – The Autobiography of Martin Kemp. Orion, London 2000, ISBN 0-7528-3769-9.
  • Tony Hadley: To Cut a Long Story Short – An Autobiography. Sigdwick & Jackson, London 2004, ISBN 0-283-07386-1.
  • Gary Kemp: I Know This Much; From Soho to Spandau. Forth Estate, London 2009, ISBN 978-0-00-732330-2.

Weblinks

Musikbeispiele

Einzelnachweise

  1. a b c d e f Wieland Harms: The Unplugged Guitar Book 2. Gerig, 1996, ISBN 3-87252-250-7, S. 77.
  2. New Page 1. Abgerufen am 25. September 2021.
  3. Warlord Games (2016). Bolt Action: Armies of Germany. 2nd Edition. Bloomsbury, ISBN 1-4728-1780-X, S. 33.
  4. Spandau Ballet, the Blitz kids and the birth of the New Romantics. In: www.guardian.co.uk. 4. Oktober 2009, abgerufen am 1. Oktober 2010 (englisch).
  5. FASHION / The British supermarket of style. In: www.independent.co.uk. Abgerufen am 1. Oktober 2010 (englisch).
  6. Heul! Tony Hadley verlässt Spandau Ballet. 3. Juli 2017, abgerufen am 25. September 2021 (deutsch).
  7. https://twitter.com/rosswilliamwild/status/1131549159922782209. Abgerufen am 5. Juli 2022.
  8. a b c Chartquellen: DE CH UK US
  9. a b c Dean Scapolo: The Complete New Zealand Music Charts: 1966 – 2006. Maurienne House, 2007, ISBN 978-1-877443-00-8 (englisch).