Alan Silvestri composed the scores for the entire Back to the Future film series.

Back to the Future soundtracks are soundtrack albums to the Back to the Future film series. These soundtracks mostly contain film scores composed by American composer Alan Silvestri, and were released by MCA Records, Varèse Sarabande and Intrada Records.

Back to the Future

Soundtrack

Back to the Future: Music from the Motion Picture Soundtrack
Michael J. Fox stepping out of a partially-visible DeLorean with lines of fire trailing behind, looking astonishingly at his wristwatch. A sticker on the upper right says "Featuring "The Power of Love" by Huey Lewis and the News".
Soundtrack album by
various artists
ReleasedJuly 20, 1985
Genre
Length37:41
LabelMCA
Back to the Future soundtrack chronology
Back to the Future: Music from the Motion Picture Soundtrack
(1985)
Back to the Future Part II: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(1989)
Singles from Back to the Future: Music from the Motion Picture Soundtrack
  1. "The Power of Love"
    Released: June 1985

Back to the Future: Music from the Motion Picture Soundtrack is the soundtrack album to the film of the same name, released on July 8, 1985 by MCA Records. The soundtrack includes two tracks from American composer Alan Silvestri's score for the film, two pop tracks from American rock band Huey Lewis and the News, two songs played by the fictional Marvin Berry and The Starlighters, one played by the fictional Marty McFly with The Starlighters, and two pop songs that are very briefly heard in the background of the film.

"The Power of Love" was released as the album's lead single on June 1985, becoming Huey Lewis and the News's first chart topper on the US Billboard Hot 100, as well as being certified Gold and nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song.[2] The soundtrack spent nineteen weeks on the Billboard 200, peaking at number twelve in October 1985.[3]

Development

American rock band Huey Lewis and the News performed "The Power of Love" and "Back in Time". Huey Lewis was approached to write a theme song for the film.[4] He met with Bob Gale, Steven Spielberg, and Robert Zemeckis, from the film's production team, who intended that the band be Marty's favorite band. Though flattered, Lewis did not want to participate because he did not know how to write film songs and did not want to write one called "Back to the Future".[4] Zemeckis assured Lewis he could write any song he wanted. Lewis agreed to submit the next song he wrote, which was "The Power of Love". The lyrics do not make any mention of the film's storyline.[4]

Lewis was asked by Zemeckis to write one more song for the film’s end credits, which came to be "Back in Time".[4] Unlike "The Power of Love", the lyrics for "Back in Time" center around the movie’s story points. In an interview with People in 2015, Lewis states: "Sean [Hopper], [Chris] Hayes and I put together "Back in Time" – and it turned out that it’s actually quite easy to write for film! In a way, it’s easier, in that you don’t have to invest yourself in it. So that was a lot of fun, actually."[5]

"Johnny B. Goode", written by Chuck Berry, is performed by the characters Marty McFly and Marvin Berry and the Starlighters in the film, with lead vocals provided by Harry Waters Jr. as Marvin Berry, Mark Campbell as Marty McFly and the guitar solo by Tim May. Campbell and May received a "special thanks" acknowledgment in the film's end credits, with the recording credit going to the fictional characters [6]Campbell did not receive credit as the filmmakers wanted to create the illusion that Fox was singing. When music supervisor Bones Howe learned of this, he secured Campbell a small percentage of the soundtrack revenue as compensation.[7] Berry withheld permission to use "Johnny B. Goode" until the day before filming. He was paid $50,000 for the rights.[8]

In the film

In the film, Marvin Berry, a fictitious cousin of Chuck Berry, phones Chuck and lets him listen to the music. The real "Johnny B. Goode" was released in 1958, three years after the time it is played in the film.[9]

Huey Lewis portrays a high-school band audition judge who rejects Marty McFly's band, the Pinheads, as they perform the short instrumental hard-rock version of "The Power of Love". Lewis stated that his character was inspired by a Chrysalis Records executive.[4]

Track listing

No.TitleWriter(s)PerformerLength
1."The Power of Love"Huey Lewis and the News3:58
2."Time Bomb Town"Lindsey BuckinghamLindsey Buckingham2:44
3."Back to the Future"Alan SilvestriThe Outatime Orchestra3:20
4."Heaven Is One Step Away"Eric ClaptonEric Clapton4:13
5."Back in Time"
  • Colla
  • Hayes
  • Sean Hopper
  • Lewis
Huey Lewis and the News4:22
6."Back to the Future Overture"Alan SilvestriThe Outatime Orchestra8:18
7."The Wallflower (Dance with Me, Henry)"Etta James2:41
8."Night Train"
Marvin Berry & The Starlighters[a]2:17
9."Earth Angel (Will You Be Mine)"Marvin Berry & The Starlighters[a]3:02
10."Johnny B. Goode"Chuck BerryMarty McFly with The Starlighters[b]3:06
Total length:37:41
  • ^a Lead vocals provided by Harry Waters Jr.
  • ^b Lead vocals provided by Mark Campbell
  • The Outatime Orchestra is named after the license plate of the DeLorean in the film.

Songs in the film but not included on the soundtrack album:[10]

The tracks are not presented in the order they appear in the film. In chronological order, the track listing goes: 1, 2, 7, the first 90 seconds of 6, 8, 9, 10, the remainder of 6, 4, 5, and 3. "Back to the Future Overture" is made up of the following cues as released on the subsequent score album:

  1. Marty's Letter
  2. Clocktower (0:50 - 5:35)
  3. '85 Lone Pine Mall (1:41 - end)

Charts

Chart (1985–86)Peak
position
Australia (Kent Music Report)[11]36
Belgian Albums (Ultratop)[12]66
Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[13]21
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[14]47
UK Albums (OCC)[15]66
US Billboard 200[16]12

Certifications

RegionCertificationCertified units/sales
United States (RIAA)[17]Gold500,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

Film score

Back to the Future: Intrada Special Collection
Michael J. Fox stepping out of a partially-visible DeLorean with lines of fire trailing behind, looking astonishingly at his wristwatch. "Intrada Special Collection" is written on the top of the cover.
Film score by
ReleasedNovember 24, 2009
RecordedMay 16 to June 11, 1985
StudioThe Burbank Studios
GenreScore
Length89:08
LabelIntrada
Back to the Future soundtrack chronology
The Back to the Future Trilogy
(1999)
Back to the Future: Intrada Special Collection
(2009)
Back to the Future: The Musical (Original Cast Recording)
(2021)

Back to the Future: Intrada Special Collection is a soundtrack album to the film Back to the Future, released by Intrada Records on November 24, 2009. Unlike the original 1985 soundtrack, this limited two-disc release contains Alan Silvestri's complete score for the film. The first disc contains the complete orchestral score for the film, along with two source cues that Silvestri wrote. The second disc contains alternate approaches that Silvestri took with a large portion of the score, with a darker and more serious tone. The two-disc set had a limited release of 10,000 units and sold nearly 6,000 units by the end of January 2010.[18]

The soundtrack was reissued on October 12, 2015 as a single-disc release, titled Back To The Future: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (Expanded Edition), to commemorate the film's 30th anniversary.[19] This release only contains the music on disc one of the two-disc set.[20]

Development

Alan Silvestri composed the film score for Back to the Future; he had previously worked with director Robert Zemeckis on Romancing the Stone. The only direction Zemeckis gave him was "it's got to be big". Silvestri used an orchestral score to create a sound that contrasted with the small-town setting and the significant time-changing events occurring within it. He wanted a heroic theme that would be instantly recognizable in just a few notes.[21]

For moments in the film where Silvestri's score was shortened (i.e. the final moments of "Einstein Disintegrated" and "Peabody Barn; Marty Ditches DeLorean"), replaced with source music ("Town Square") or unused ("Logo"), the full score cue is presented as originally recorded.

The themes from the score have since been included in the scores of the film's sequels, in Back to the Future: The Ride, and used as ambient music at Universal Studios theme parks.

Track listing

Disc 1: The Complete Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
No.TitleLength
1."Logo"0:20
2."DeLorean Reveal"0:46
3."Einstein Disintegrated"1:22
4."'85 Twin Pines Mall"4:43
5."Peabody Barn; Marty Ditches DeLorean"3:09
6."'55 Town Square"1:18
7."Lorraine's Bedroom"0:47
8."Retrieve DeLorean"1:15
9."1.21 Jigowatts"1:37
10."The Picture"1:09
11."Picture Fades"0:17
12."Skateboard Chase"1:39
13."Marty's Letter"1:20
14."George to the Rescue - Pt. 1"0:50
15."Marvin Be-Bop"2:25
16."George to the Rescue - Pt. 2"2:34
17."Tension; The Kiss"1:33
18."Goodnight Marty"1:31
19."It's Been Educational; Clocktower"10:30
20."Helicopter"0:19
21."'85 Lone Pine Mall"3:46
22."4 x 4"0:40
23."Doc Returns"1:14
24."Back to the Future"3:16
Total length:48:36
Disc 2: The Creation of a Classic... Alternate Early Sessions
No.TitleLength
1."DeLorean Reveal"0:40
2."Einstein Disintegrated"1:25
3."Peabody Barn"2:17
4."Marty Ditches DeLorean"1:56
5."'55 Town Square #1"1:35
6."'55 Town Square #2"1:35
7."Retrieve DeLorean"1:16
8."1.21 Jigowatts"1:36
9."The Picture"1:08
10."Skateboard Chase"1:40
11."George to the Rescue"4:13
12."Tension; The Kiss"1:42
13."Clocktower"11:02
14."'85 Lone Pine Mall"3:50
15."Doc Returns"1:19
16."Ling Ting Ring"2:01
Total length:39:44

Back to the Future Part II

Back to the Future Part II: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd stepping out of a partially-visible DeLorean vehicle, looking astonishingly at their wristwatches. The Back to the Future Part II logo is on the top left of the cover.
Film score by
ReleasedNovember 22, 1989 (1989-11-22)
RecordedSeptember 14 to November 2, 1989
StudioThe Burbank Studios
GenreScore
Length44:55
LabelMCA
Back to the Future soundtrack chronology
Back to the Future: Music from the Motion Picture Soundtrack
(1985)
Back to the Future Part II: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(1989)
Back to the Future Part III: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(1990)

Back to the Future Part II: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the film score to the 1989 film of the same name, the second installment in the Back to the Future trilogy. It was released under MCA Records on November 22, 1989, and features most of the film score by American composer Alan Silvestri.[22] AllMusic rated it four-and-a-half stars out of five.[23] Unlike the previous soundtrack, it only contains the musical score by Silvestri, none of the vocal songs featured throughout the film are included.

On October 12, 2015, Intrada Records reissued the soundtrack as a two-disc expanded edition, in commemoration of the first film's 30th anniversary. The soundtrack includes the complete score (22 tracks) on disc one and an arrangement of alternate cues and source music on disc two.[24]

Track listing

All music is composed by Alan Silvestri.

Standard edition
No.TitleLength
1."Main Title"2:21
2."The Future"5:23
3."Hoverboard Chase"2:49
4."A Flying DeLorean?"4:30
5."My Father!"2:04
6."Alternate 1985"3:04
7."If They Ever Did"3:57
8."Pair O' Docs"1:27
9."The Book"4:49
10."Tunnel Chase"5:21
11."Burn The Book"2:25
12."Western Union"1:52
13."End Title"4:37
Total length:44:55
Expanded edition - Disc 1: The Film Score
No.TitleLength
1."Back to Back / It's Your Kids"2:38
2."Main Title (extended version)"3:19
3."The Future"5:22
4."Chicken / Hoverboard Chase"3:12
5."A Flying DeLorean?"4:28
6."I'm In The Future / Biff Steals DeLorean"2:12
7."Chicken Needles / Jenn Sees Jenn"2:56
8."Biff's World / 27th Floor"2:08
9."My Father!"2:03
10."Alternate 1985"3:02
11."Gray's Sports Almanac / If They Ever Did"4:26
12."Something Inconspicuous"1:33
13."You'll Never Lose / Old New DeLorean"3:18
14."Pair O' Docs"1:26
15."The Book"4:49
16."Nobody / Tunnel Chase"5:46
17."Burn The Book"2:24
18."He's Gone"0:43
19."Western Union"1:52
20."I'm Back / End Logo"0:59
21."The West"0:57
22."End Title"4:37
Total length:64:00
Expanded edition- Disc 2: Alternates
No.TitleLength
1."Back to Back (Alternate)"1:02
2."Main Title (Alternate)"3:54
3."The Future (Alternate)"5:23
4."Hoverboard Chase (Alternate)"2:50
5."A Flying DeLorean? (Alternate)"4:32
6."Biff's World (Alternate)"1:35
7."If They Ever Did (Alternate segment)"2:05
8."You'll Never Lose (Alternate)"2:52
9."Western Union (Alternate #1)"2:04
10."I'm Back (Alternate #1)"0:34
11."Western Union (Alternate #2)"1:59
12."I'm Back (Alternate #2)"0:24
13."End Logo (Alternate)"0:17
14."The West (Alternate)"1:17
15."End Title (Alternate)"4:37
Total length:35:33

Back to the Future Part III

Back to the Future Part III: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd and Mary Steenburgen stepping out of a partially-visible DeLorean vehicle, looking astonished. The Back to the Future Part III logo is on the top left of the cover.
Film score by
ReleasedMay 29, 1990 (1990-05-29)
Recorded1989-1990
StudioThe Burbank Studios
GenreScore
Length44:58
LabelVarèse Sarabande
Back to the Future soundtrack chronology
Back to the Future Part II: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(1989)
Back to the Future Part III: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(1990)
The Back to the Future Trilogy
(1999)
Singles from Back to the Future Part III: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
  1. "Doubleback"
    Released: Mar 23, 1990[25]
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic4.5/5 stars[26]

Back to the Future Part III: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the film score to the film of the same name, the third and final installment in the Back to the Future trilogy. It was released under Varèse Sarabande on May 29, 1990, and features most of the film score by American composer Alan Silvestri.[27]

The soundtrack includes the acoustic instrumental version of the song "Doubleback", as performed in the film during the 1885 festival, but does not include the ZZ Top version of the song played in the end credits.

On October 12, 2015, Varèse Sarabande reissued the soundtrack as a two-disc expanded edition, in commemoration of the film's 25th anniversary. The soundtrack includes the complete score (26 tracks) in chronological order on disc one, and an arrangement of alternate cues, source music and acoustic renditions of traditional folk songs on disc two.[28]

Track listing

All music is composed by Alan Silvestri; "Doubleback" written by Billy Gibbons, Dusty Hill and Frank Beard.

Standard edition
No.TitleLength
1."Main Title"3:05
2."It's Clara (The Train, Part II)"4:33
3."Hill Valley"2:20
4."The Hanging"1:40
5."At First Sight"3:12
6."Indians"1:10
7."Goodbye Clara"2:57
8."Doc Returns"2:50
9."Point of No Return (The Train, Part III)"3:45
10."The Future Isn't Written"3:35
11."The Showdown"1:28
12."Doc to the Rescue"2:29
13."The Kiss"1:51
14."We're Out of Gas"1:15
15."Wake Up Juice"1:11
16."A Science Experiment (The Train, Part I)"3:05
17."Doubleback" (acoustic instrumental version)1:30
18."End Credits"4:34
Total length:44:58
25th Anniversary edition- Disc 1: The Film Score
No.TitleLength
1."Back to Back / Court House"1:25
2."Main Title"2:43
3."Into the Mine / Tombstone / It's Me"3:18
4."Warmed Up"1:30
5."Indians (Film version)"1:10
6."Safe and Sound"0:42
7."Hill Valley"2:20
8."The Hanging"1:42
9."We're Out of Gas"1:17
10."There is No Bridge / Doc to the Rescue"1:26
11."At First Sight"3:17
12."Yellow"0:47
13."The Kiss"1:57
14."You Talkin' to Me?"0:36
15."The Future Isn't Written"3:36
16."Goodbye Clara"3:02
17."What's Up Doc / Marty Gallops / To the Future"1:45
18."Wake Up Juice"1:12
19."Callin' You Out / Count Off"1:59
20."The Showdown / The Kick"2:13
21."A Science Experiment (The Train - Part I)"3:11
22."It's Clara (The Train - Part II)"4:36
23."Point of No Return (The Train - Part III)"3:49
24."It's Destroyed / Back to the Girlfriend / It's Erased"3:41
25."Doc Returns"2:52
26."End Credits"4:01
Total length:60:00
25th Anniversary edition- Disc 2: Alternates
No.TitleLength
1."Back to Back / Court House (Alternate)"0:33
2."I'm Back / Main Title (Alternate)"2:49
3."Into the Mine / Tombstone (Alternate)"3:19
4."Warmed Up (Alternate)"1:47
5."Indians (Alternate)"1:20
6."The Hanging (Alternate)"1:44
7."Goodbye Clara (Alternate segment)"0:52
8."Count Off (Alternate)"1:30
9."The Kick (Alternate)"0:44
10."Doc's Return (Alternate)"2:40
11."Clock Dedication / Battle Cry of Freedom"1:03
12."Doubleback (Extended version)"3:12
13."Turkey in the Straw"3:00
14."My Darling Clementine"2:51
15."Saloon Piano Melody"1:44
16."Arkansas Traveler"2:49
17."Devil's Dream"2:48
18."Pop Goes the Weasel"2:59
19."Virginia Reel (Tip-Top)"2:57
20."I'm Back (Alternate #2)"1:07
21."Into the Mine (Alternate #2)"1:53
22."Indians (Alternate #2)"1:11
23."Doc Returns (Alternate #2)"3:02
Total length:48:38

On the standard edition, the tracks are not presented in the order they appear in the film. In chronological order, the track listing goes 1, 6, 3, 4, 14, 12, 5, 17, 13, 10, 7, 15, 11, 16, 2, 9, 8, and 18.

Songs in the film not included on the soundtrack album:[29]

The Back to the Future Trilogy

The Back to the Future Trilogy
Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd standing, with trails of fire behind them. The Back to the Future Trilogy logo is displayed in the center of the cover.
Film score / compilation album by
ReleasedSeptember 21, 1999 (1999-09-21)
VenueGlasgow City Halls, Glasgow, Scotland
GenreScore
Length48:02
LabelVarèse Sarabande
Back to the Future soundtrack chronology
Back to the Future Part III: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(1990)
The Back to the Future Trilogy
(1999)
Back to the Future: Intrada Special Collection
(2009)

The Back to the Future Trilogy is a licensed soundtrack compilation album in the Back to the Future franchise. It was released by Varèse Sarabande on September 21, 1999.[31] The album is a compilation of Alan Silvestri compositions from all three Back to the Future film scores, as well the theme from Back to the Future: The Ride at Universal Studios.

Whilst the tracks from Part III are from the original soundtrack, those for Part I, Part II and The Ride are re-recordings performed by John Debney and the Royal Scottish National Orchestra at the Glasgow City Halls.

Track listing

All music is composed by Alan Silvestri.

No.TitleFilmLength
1."Back to the Future"Back to the Future (1985)3:28
2."Skateboard Chase"Back to the Future1:45
3."Marty's Letter"Back to the Future1:34
4."Clocktower Pt. 1"Back to the Future5:22
5."Clocktower Pt. 2 / Helicopter"Back to the Future5:42
6."'85 Lone Pine Mall"Back to the Future3:43
7."4x4"Back to the Future0:54
8."Doc Returns"Back to the Future1:27
9."Hill Valley, 2015"Back to the Future Part II (1989)4:11
10."Burn the Book"Back to the Future Part II2:46
11."He's Gone"Back to the Future Part II0:44
12."The Letter"Back to the Future Part II2:00
13."I'm Back"Back to the Future Part II0:51
14."End Logo"Back to the Future Part II0:19
15."The West"Back to the Future Part II1:12
16."Main Title"Back to the Future Part III (1990)3:06
17."Indians"Back to the Future Part III1:10
18."Point of No Return (The Train Pt. III)"Back to the Future Part III3:48
19."End Credits"Back to the Future Part III4:00
20."Back to the Future: The Ride"Back to the Future: The Ride (1991)4:10
Total length:48:02

Back to the Future: The Musical

Back to the Future: The Musical (Original Cast Recording)
Bttfmusical castrecording.png
Cast recording by
various artists
ReleasedNovember 26, 2021
VenueAdelphi Theatre, West End
LabelMasterworks Broadway
ProducerAlan Silvestri
Back to the Future soundtrack chronology
Back to the Future: Intrada Special Collection
(2009)
Back to the Future: The Musical (Original Cast Recording)
(2021)

Back to the Future: The Musical (Original Cast Recording) is the upcoming cast recording of the musical of the same name, with music and lyrics by Alan Silvestri and Glen Ballard. The cast recording of the West End production is set to be released by Sony's Masterworks Broadway imprint on November 26, 2021.[32][33]

Background

The Back to the Future website originally announced on October 21, 2020 ("Back to the Future Day") that a cast recording of the West End production will be released in summer 2021.[34] The announcement was accompanied by the release of Olly Dobson's rendition of "Back in Time", which was originally featured in the first film.

References

  1. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20181111001148/http://www.mademan.com/mm/10-best-pop-rock-songs.html
  2. ^ "Huey Lewis & the News - Chart History". Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  3. ^ "'Back to the Future' Honors the Past With Soundtrack Reissue". Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e "The Breakdown: Huey Lewis and the News on 'The Power of Love'". Rolling Stone. December 30, 2019. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  5. ^ "Huey Lewis Shares the Inspiration Behind the Back to the Future Anthem 'The Power of Love'". People. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  6. ^ Dahl, Bill. "Song Review: Night Train - Jimmy Forrest". AllMusicGuide. All Media Guide, LLC. Retrieved December 17, 2006.
  7. ^ Gaines 2015, p. 88.
  8. ^ "Back to the Future: 13 things you may not know". The Daily Telegraph. October 21, 2015. Archived from the original on February 6, 2020. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
  9. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (March 18, 2017). "How Chuck Berry's 'Johnny B. Goode' Helped Define 'Back to the Future'". The Billboard. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  10. ^ Back to the Future End Credits
  11. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 284. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  12. ^ "Soundtrack / Alan Silvestri – Back To The Future". Retrieved September 27, 2021. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  13. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 0578". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  14. ^ "Charts.nz – Soundtrack / Alan Silvestri – Back To The Future". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  15. ^ "Original Soundtrack | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  16. ^ "Top Pop Albums For Week Ending October 5, 1985". Billboard. Vol. 29 no. 40. October 5, 1985. p. 66. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  17. ^ "American album certifications – Soundtrack – Back to the Future". Recording Industry Association of America.
  18. ^ "Intrada Soundtrack Forum • View topic - We get a lot". Intrada.net. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  19. ^ "Back to the Future".
  20. ^ "Intrada Soundtrack Forum • View topic - INTRADA Announces Alan Silvestri's BACK TO THE FUTURE". Intrada.net. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  21. ^ Koknow, David (June 9, 2015). "How Back to the Future Almost Didn't Get Made". Esquire. Archived from the original on July 26, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  22. ^ "Back To The Future II: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack - Amazon". Amazon. 1989. Retrieved July 15, 2021.
  23. ^ "Original Motion Picture Soundtrack" Archived June 12, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. allmusic.com
  24. ^ Intrada soundtrack release Archived October 31, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. store.intrada.com
  25. ^ "ZZ Top – Doubleback".
  26. ^ Allmusic review
  27. ^ "Back to the Future Part III (1990) Soundtracks - IMDb". Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  28. ^ "Back to the Future Part III: 25th Anniversary Edition (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) - Amazon". Amazon. Retrieved July 13, 2021.
  29. ^ Back to the Future Part III End Credits
  30. ^ Movie-List: Music Video Archived 2011-07-14 at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ The Back to the Future Trilogy at allmusic.
  32. ^ "Back to the Future: The Musical (Original Cast Recording) CD". Back to the Future™. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  33. ^ Original Cast of Back To The Future: The Musical (2021), Back To The Future: The Musical, Sony Music Classical, retrieved September 27, 2021
  34. ^ "Sony Masterworks Broadway to release Original Cast Album to Back to the Future - The Musical". Back to the Future. October 21, 2020. Retrieved August 9, 2020.