Wilco ¦ Yankee Hotel Foxtrot

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Veröffentlichung Yankee Hotel Foxtrot:

2001

Hörbeispiel(e) Yankee Hotel Foxtrot:

Yankee Hotel Foxtrot auf Wikipedia (oder andere Quellen):

Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
A line drawing of skyscrapers
Studio album by
Released
RecordedLate 2000 – Early 2001
StudioThe Loft, Chicago[a]
Genre
Length51:51
Label
ProducerWilco
Wilco chronology
Mermaid Avenue Vol. II
(2000)
Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
(2001)
A Ghost Is Born
(2004)
Singles from Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
  1. "War on War"
    Released: May 21, 2002

Yankee Hotel Foxtrot is the fourth studio album by American rock band Wilco, first released on September 18, 2001. Recording sessions for the album began in late 2000. These sessions, which were documented for the film I Am Trying to Break Your Heart, were marred by conflicts including a switch in drummers and disagreements among the band members and engineers about songs. Despite this, the album would be completed in early 2001. The album showcased a more atmospheric and experimental sound than the band's previous work, and has been described as art rock[1][2] and indie rock[3] by music critics. It was the band's first album with drummer Glenn Kotche, and last with multi-instrumentalist and songwriter Jay Bennett.

Reprise Records, Wilco's record label at the time, refused to release the album as they felt unhappy about the end result; this would lead to Wilco's departure from Reprise. The band subsequently acquired the rights to the album and later streamed the entire album for free on their website on September 18, 2001. In November of that year, Wilco signed with Nonesuch Records, who gave the album its first official retail release on April 23, 2002. Yankee Hotel Foxtrot received widespread acclaim from music critics at release, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest albums of the 2000s.[4] It is also Wilco's best-selling work, having reached number 13 on the Billboard 200 chart.[5]

Background and recording

Wilco was touring to promote Mermaid Avenue Vol. II in May 2000 when lead singer Jeff Tweedy was invited to play at the Noise Pop Festival in Chicago. The festival promoter offered to pair Tweedy with a collaborator of his choosing, and Tweedy decided to perform with Jim O'Rourke. Tweedy frequently played O'Rourke's album Bad Timing in his car while he traveled during the previous winter. O'Rourke was an accomplished producer as well as a musician, and had produced over 200 albums by the time that Tweedy requested the collaboration. O'Rourke offered the services of drummer Glenn Kotche, and the trio performed at Double Door for the festival on May 14, 2000. Tweedy enjoyed the performance so much that he suggested that the trio record an album together. They chose the name Loose Fur, and recorded six songs during the following summer.[7]

By the end of the year, Wilco had recorded enough demo tracks to release a fourth studio album (the working title was Here Comes Everybody), but the band was unhappy with some of the takes of the songs. This was attributed to the inflexibility of Ken Coomer's drumming. According to American Songwriter, "virtually every attempt [Tweedy] made to steer Coomer toward the percussive sound he had envisioned for the record sparked a fight."[8] The band decided to bring Kotche into the studio to record with the band. Wilco officially replaced Coomer with Kotche in January 2001, a decision originally proposed by Tweedy and almost immediately approved by the rest of the band.[9]

The Marina City complex on the Chicago River. The album cover features a photograph of the two towers.

Guitarist Jay Bennett and Chris Brickley served as the audio engineers, and agreed with Tweedy that O'Rourke would be a good choice to mix the album, after a failed attempt to mix a few of the songs at the Chicago Recording Company and after hearing O'Rourke's "audition mix". One of the conflicts, exhibited in the film I Am Trying to Break Your Heart: A Film About Wilco, was over the ten-second transition between "Ashes of American Flags" and "Heavy Metal Drummer". Bennett attempted to explain to Tweedy that there were several slightly different ways to approach the transition, each of which would yield slightly different results, but Tweedy explained that he just wanted the problem fixed, and was not concerned with understanding the different approaches. Bennett focused on the individual songs, while Tweedy focused on larger conceptual and thematic issues—a tried and true division of labor that had worked well on the four releases on which they co-wrote the material.[10]

In order to achieve the band's musical goals, Tweedy invited Jim O'Rourke into the studio to mix "I Am Trying to Break Your Heart", and the results impressed the band members. Jim O'Rourke was officially in Wilco from that point. He recorded 6 of the 12 tracks on the album. O'Rourke was then asked to mix the rest of the album.[11] After the album's completion, Tweedy decided to remove Bennett from the band. The album was completed in 2001, and Tweedy believed it to be ready for release.[12] The album was given the title Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, referencing a series of letters in the phonetic alphabet that Tweedy had heard on the Irdial box set The Conet Project: Recordings of Shortwave Numbers Stations. A clip from this Numbers Station transmission was placed in the Yankee Hotel Foxtrot song "Poor Places"; Irdial later sued Wilco for copyright infringement, and a settlement was reached out of court.[13] The cover of the album is a picture of the two Marina City complex towers in the band's adopted hometown of Chicago.

Los Angeles photographer Sam Jones contacted Wilco in 2000 about producing a documentary film about the creation of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot. Jones shot over 80 hours of footage for I Am Trying to Break Your Heart: A Film About Wilco beginning on the day that Coomer was dismissed from the band. The footage was edited down to 92 minutes, and the film was released to theaters in 2002.[14] The documentary has received generally positive reviews.[15]

Release

Original release

In 2001, AOL merged with Time Warner to form AOL Time Warner. Time Warner's market share of the music industry had dropped almost five percent from the mid-1990s, and the new executives ordered the termination of 600 jobs. One of those jobs was Reprise Records president Howie Klein, who had been a big supporter of Wilco on the label. Klein's dismissal placed head A&R representative David Kahne in charge of the decision whether to release Yankee Hotel Foxtrot. Kahne assigned A&R representative Mio Vukovic to monitor the progress of the album. Vukovic was unhappy about the album because he felt that his suggestions were not being considered. Kahne wanted a radio single from the album, but he felt that none of the songs were suitable for commercial release. In June 2001, the album was officially rejected and Vukovic suggested that the band independently release the album.[16]

Josh Grier, Wilco's lawyer, was able to negotiate a buy-out of the band from Reprise. The band would keep the rights to the album if they paid Reprise $50,000. Before Wilco could accept the deal, Reprise called the band and changed their offer to give the band the rights to Yankee Hotel Foxtrot for free. Despite Reprise's efforts to accommodate Wilco's departure, the process marred public relations after an article in the Chicago Tribune described what had happened.[17]

Wilco had planned on releasing Yankee Hotel Foxtrot on September 11, 2001, but Tweedy did not want a change in record labels to significantly delay the release of the album. Within weeks of being released from the label and Jay Bennett leaving the band, MP3s of all tracks from the album began to appear on file sharing networks. In a decision aimed at discouraging the downloading of lower quality unlicensed MP3s and having some control over how the album was distributed, on September 18, 2001, Wilco began streaming the entirety of the album on their official website. The wilcoworld.net website registered over 50,000 hits that day, eight times as much as typical daily traffic. Traffic to the website quadrupled the normal traffic over the next few months. The following tour was a success financially, and members of Wilco observed that fans sang along with unreleased songs from the album.[18]

Retail release

Both major and independent record labels made bids to release Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, including Artemis Records and Nonesuch Records. Tweedy denied the bids of record labels that did not have a roster of signed artists that he liked. He also decided to ignore small, independent labels because he wanted to be able to put the album out for a large audience and felt that very small labels would be unable to produce more than 100,000 copies. Wilco decided to sign with Warner Music subsidiary Nonesuch Records in November 2001, basing the decision on the label's affiliation with a large company, but also Nonesuch's artist-friendly atmosphere. In the end, Wilco recorded and produced Yankee Hotel Foxtrot with Reprise Records (a Warner label), received the rights to the album from Reprise for free, and then had it released by a different Warner label, Nonesuch Records.[19]

The More Like the Moon EP (also called Bridge and Australian EP) was originally released as a bonus disc to the Australian version of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot. The EP comprised six songs that were recorded but not released during the Yankee Hotel Foxtrot sessions including a re-working of "Kamera". On the one-year anniversary of the release of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, Wilco uploaded the EP onto their official website, and offered it for free to anyone who purchased the album. The band would later allow anyone to download the EP for free off the website, regardless of whether they had purchased the full-length album.[20][21]

20th Anniversary Reissue

In celebration of the 20th anniversary of the album's release, Wilco performed the album in its entirety for four nights at the United Palace in New York City and three nights at the Auditorium Theater in Chicago. The band was joined by strings and horns sections in an attempt to perform the album as it was recorded. The band also announced reissues of the album, including a Super Deluxe version spanning 11 LPs which includes the original remastered album, demos, rare live recordings, and other alternate versions of the songs. These reissues were released on September 30, 2022. Pitchfork gave the reissue a perfect 10 rating, and naming it "Best New Reissue".[22]

Reception

Critical

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
Metacritic87/100[23]
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[24]
Blender[25]
Entertainment WeeklyA−[26]
The Guardian[27]
NME8/10[28]
Pitchfork10/10[29]
Q[30]
Rolling Stone[31]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide[32]
Uncut[33]

Yankee Hotel Foxtrot was acclaimed by critics upon release.[23] Brent Sirota of Pitchfork gave the album a perfect 10 rating, noting that the album was "simply a masterpiece."[29] David Fricke of Rolling Stone praised its resemblance to psychedelia while Allmusic writer Zac Johnson lauded its musical "complexity".[24][31] E! Online said that its "rich, exotic flavor gets more intense the longer you chew on it",[23] while Stylus Magazine called it "a great album, and an outstanding place for prospective new Wilco fans to start."[34] Billboard gave it a favorable review and called it "a more adventurous and rewarding release".[35] The Austin Chronicle gave it four stars out of five and said that "After a while -- a familiarity period if you will -- it becomes clear that these songs are not only fully realized, they're damn near brilliant."[36] Playlouder gave it four stars out of five and called it "The most worth-the-wait long-awaited album in the world ... ever? Could be ..."[37] Uncut also gave the album four stars out of five and said, "The most common description of this much-discussed album over the past few months is that YHF is Americana's Kid A. In truth, it's more successful than that."[23] Blender likewise gave it four stars out of five and stated: "Tweedy whittles down the arrangements and drops in enough experimental nuances to make the whole thing sound refreshingly lo-fi."[23] Q likewise gave it four stars and called it "battered, bonkers and bewitching in equal parts" and that it "at last finds Wilco's 'interesting' phase become downright fascinating."[23] Yahoo! Music UK gave it eight stars out of ten and said, "Tweedy takes conventional songforms birthed on his acoustic guitar and scrambles them completely, reassembled into fractured, dissonant epics with the help of the reliably brilliant Jim O'Rourke."[38]

Trouser Press was one of the few major media outlets that did not give the album a good review, instead giving it an average review and stating that "more time spent in the songwriting lab might have yielded material more suitable to the evident studio effort invested and brought Wilco closer to making a truly great album."[39] Robert Christgau gave the album a one-star honorable mention rating, describing the music as "purty" but stating that he found the lyrics and vocals in general to be boring.[40]

Though Yankee Hotel Foxtrot was recorded before the September 11, 2001 attacks, critics perceived references in the album to the attacks. For example, Jeff Gordinier of Entertainment Weekly compared the two towers of Marina City to the World Trade Center towers.[26] Also containing similar themes are the songs "War on War" and "Ashes of American Flags" which contains the line "I would like to salute the ashes of American flags." The song "Jesus, Etc." also contains these lyrics: "Tall buildings shake, Voices escape singing sad sad songs ... Voices whine, Skyscrapers are scraping together, your voice is smoking."[41]

Commercial

Yankee Hotel Foxtrot was released by Nonesuch on April 23, 2002. The album sold 55,573 copies during its first week of release, peaking on the US Billboard 200 album chart at number 13.[42][43] The album was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America and has sold over 590,000 units.[44][45]

Accolades

Yankee Hotel Foxtrot was voted as the best album of the year in The Village Voice Pazz & Jop critics poll.[46] In 2008, Rolling Stone critic Tom Moon listed Yankee Hotel Foxtrot among the 1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die. The album was also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[47]

Yankee Hotel Foxtrot found a place on many lists of the greatest albums of the 2000s. Rolling Stone ranked the album at number three on its list of the 100 Best Albums of the Decade.[48] Pitchfork put the album at number four on the Top 200 Albums of the 2000s.[49] The alternative music website also named "Poor Places" and "Jesus, Etc." as the 147th and 61st best songs of the decade, respectively.[50] Paste named the album the second-best album of the decade.[51] Some music outlets have ranked Yankee Hotel Foxtrot as one of the greatest albums of all time. In 2006, readers of Q Magazine voted it the 100th "Greatest Album Ever".[52] In 2012, Rolling Stone ranked it #493 on its list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, saying, "Wilco's great leap forward was a mix of rock tradition, electronics, oddball rhythms and experimental gestures."[53], and in the 2020 reboot of the list, they elevated the album's position to #225.[54]

Track listing

All lyrics are written by Jeff Tweedy; all music is composed by Tweedy with Jay Bennett, except tracks 1, 7 and 11 by Tweedy.

No.TitleLength
1."I Am Trying to Break Your Heart"6:57
2."Kamera"3:29
3."Radio Cure"5:08
4."War on War"3:47
5."Jesus, Etc."3:50
6."Ashes of American Flags"4:43
7."Heavy Metal Drummer"3:08
8."I'm the Man Who Loves You"3:55
9."Pot Kettle Black"4:00
10."Poor Places"5:15
11."Reservations"7:22
Total length:51:51

Personnel

Credits according to liner notes.[14]

Charts

Weekly charts

2001–2002 weekly chart performance for Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
Chart (2001–2002)Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[55]43
French Albums (SNEP)[56]124
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[57]29
Irish Albums (IRMA)[58]32
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[59]4
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[60]24
UK Albums (OCC)[61]40
US Billboard 200[62]13
2022 weekly chart performance for Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
Chart (2022)Peak
position
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[63]89
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[64]142
Hungarian Albums (MAHASZ)[65]10
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[66]46
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[67]50

Year-end charts

Year-end chart performance for Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
Chart (2002)Position
Canadian Alternative Albums (Nielsen SoundScan)[68]108

Notes

Notes

  1. ^ Additional recording at CRC and Soma E.M.S. in Chicago

Citations

  1. ^ Gu, Marshall (November 11, 2014). "Wilco - Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Free City Sounds. Archived from the original on 2014-12-06. Retrieved 2020-12-25.
  2. ^ Blackstock, Peter (September 23, 2011). "Wilco, Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Wondering Sound. Archived from the original on 2016-08-03. Retrieved 2020-12-25.
  3. ^ Mezydlo, Jeff (February 12, 2020). "The most successful musical spinoff groups". Yardbarker. Retrieved 2021-08-02.
  4. ^ Dietz, Jason. "Best Albums of the Decade: A Roundup of Critic Lists". Metacritic.com. Red Ventures. Retrieved 2021-03-27.
  5. ^ "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot - Wilco". Billboard. May 11, 2002. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
  6. ^ Kot, Greg (2008). Wilco:Learning How to Die. Random House LLC. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-307-49319-4.
  7. ^ Kot 2004, pp. 176–184.
  8. ^ Baxley, Jaymie (April 23, 2012). "A Decade of Wilco's Yankee Hotel Foxtrot: Part One". American Songwriter. Retrieved 2012-04-24.
  9. ^ Kot 2004, pp. 185–188.
  10. ^ Jones, Sam. I Am Trying to Break Your Heart: A Film About Wilco (DVD), Plexifilm, 2002.
  11. ^ Kot 2004, pp. 195–199.
  12. ^ Kot 2004, pp. 199–200.
  13. ^ Gupta, Jaya (June 25, 2004). "Wilco Settle Lawsuit". Filter Magazine. Archived from the original on 2006-10-27.
  14. ^ a b I Am Trying to Break Your Heart liner notes.
  15. ^ "I Am Trying to Break Your Heart (2002)". Rotten Tomatoes.
  16. ^ Kot 2004, pp. 201–206.
  17. ^ Kot, Greg (August 15, 2001). "Wilco's shot in the arm". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 2001-08-26.
  18. ^ Kot 2004, pp. 223–226.
  19. ^ Kot 2004, pp. 227–228.
  20. ^ Kot 2004, p. 237.
  21. ^ Unterberger, Andrew (September 1, 2003). "Wilco - More Like the Moon EP - Review". Stylus Magazine.
  22. ^ Deusner, Stephen. Pitchfork https://pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/wilco-yankee-hotel-foxtrot-super-deluxe-edition/. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ a b c d e f "Reviews for Yankee Hotel Foxtrot by Wilco". Metacritic. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  24. ^ a b Johnson, Zac. "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot – Wilco". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 2019-06-07. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
  25. ^ Harris, John (June–July 2002). "Wilco: Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Blender. No. 7. p. 116. Archived from the original on 2004-10-26. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  26. ^ a b Gordinier, Jeff (April 26, 2002). "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 2016-02-25. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
  27. ^ Sweeting, Adam (April 19, 2002). "Yankee doodle dandies". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-12-18.
  28. ^ Robinson, John (April 16, 2002). "Wilco: Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". NME. Archived from the original on 2005-12-22. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
  29. ^ a b Sirota, Brent S. (April 21, 2002). "Wilco: Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
  30. ^ "Wilco: Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Q. No. 190. May 2002. p. 121.
  31. ^ a b Fricke, David (April 10, 2002). "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2013-04-28. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
  32. ^ Kot, Greg (2004). "Wilco". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 873–874. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  33. ^ "Wilco: Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Uncut. No. 60. May 2002. p. 112.
  34. ^ Hamilton, Ryan (September 1, 2003). "Wilco - Yankee Hotel Foxtrot - Review". Stylus Magazine. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  35. ^ "Wilco: Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Billboard. May 11, 2002. Archived from the original on 2002-08-15. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  36. ^ Bertin, Michael (May 3, 2002). "Wilco: Yankee Hotel Foxtrot (Nonesuch)". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  37. ^ Moffat, Iain (April 30, 2002). "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot by Wilco". Playlouder. Archived from the original on 2002-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  38. ^ Mulvey, John (April 22, 2002). "Wilco - 'Yankee Hotel Foxtrot'". Yahoo! Music UK. Archived from the original on 2004-08-18. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  39. ^ "Wilco". Trouser Press.
  40. ^ Christgau, Robert. "CG: Wilco". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
  41. ^ "The 5 Most Mind-Blowing Predictions Ever Made in Pop Songs". cracked.com. May 26, 2013. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  42. ^ "The Billboard 200". Billboard. May 11, 2002.
  43. ^ Kot 2004, pp. 228–229.
  44. ^ "Gold and Platinum Database Search". Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on 2007-06-26.
  45. ^ Cohen, Jonathan (April 13, 2007). "Wilco: In The Comfort Zone". Billboard. Archived from the original on 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
  46. ^ "Pazz & Jop 2002". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on 2003-02-20. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  47. ^ Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (March 23, 2010). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 978-0-7893-2074-2.
  48. ^ "100 Best Albums of the 2000s". Rolling Stone. July 18, 2011. Retrieved 2009-12-10.
  49. ^ "Staff Lists: The Top 200 Albums of the 2000s: 20-1 | Features". Pitchfork. October 2, 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
  50. ^ "P2K: The Decade in Music". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
  51. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of the 2000s". Paste. November 2, 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
  52. ^ "2006 Q Magazine Readers' 100 Greatest Albums Ever". Q. February 2006.
  53. ^ Wenner, Jann S., ed. (2012). Rolling Stone - Special Collectors Issue - The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. USA: Wenner Media Specials.ISBN 978-7-09-893419-6
  54. ^ "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. September 22, 2020. Retrieved 2021-08-02.
  55. ^ "Australiancharts.com – Wilco – Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  56. ^ "Lescharts.com – Wilco – Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  57. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Wilco – Yankee Hotel Foxtrot" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  58. ^ "Irish-charts.com – Discography Wilco". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  59. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Wilco – Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  60. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Wilco – Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  61. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  62. ^ "Wilco Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  63. ^ "Ultratop.be – Wilco – Yankee Hotel Foxtrot" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved October 9, 2022.
  64. ^ "Ultratop.be – Wilco – Yankee Hotel Foxtrot" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved October 9, 2022.
  65. ^ "Album Top 40 slágerlista – 2022. 40. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved October 14, 2022.
  66. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Wilco – Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 16, 2022.
  67. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Wilco – Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 9, 2022.
  68. ^ "Canada's Top 200 Alternative albums of 2002". Jam!. Archived from the original on 2004-09-02. Retrieved 2022-03-28.

References

Artist(s)

Veröffentlichungen von Wilco die im OTRS erhältlich sind/waren:

Summerteeth ¦ Being There ¦ Yankee Hotel Foxtrot

Wilco auf Wikipedia (oder andere Quellen):

Wilco

Wilco (2011)
von links: Patrick Sansone, Mikael Jorgensen, Jeff Tweedy, Nels Cline, Glenn Kotche, John Stirratt
Allgemeine Informationen
HerkunftChicago, Vereinigte Staaten
Genre(s)Alternative Country, Indie-Rock, Alternative Rock
Gründung1994
Websitewww.wilcoworld.net
Gründungsmitglieder
Jeff Tweedy
John Stirratt
Ken Coomer (bis 2000)
Max Johnston (bis 1996)
Aktuelle Besetzung
Jeff Tweedy
John Stirratt
Glenn Kotche (seit 2000)
Mikael Jorgensen (seit 2002)
Nels Cline (seit 2004)
Pat Sansone (seit 2004)
Ehemalige Mitglieder
Bob Egan (1995–1998)
Jay Bennett (1995–2001) († 2009)
Leroy Bach (2000–2004)

Wilco ist eine 1994 gegründete US-amerikanische Rockband aus Chicago. Sie wird auch – vor allem mit ihren früheren Werken – dem Alternative Country zugerechnet. Darüber hinaus spielt sie Indie- und Alternative Rock, aber auch experimentelle Rockmusik.

Bandgeschichte

Die ersten Alben

Wilco wurde im Jahr 1994 von Mitgliedern der aufgelösten Band Uncle Tupelo gegründet. Die ersten Alben A. M. und Being There sind noch sehr stark an countryesk-folkigen Klängen orientiert und von melancholischen Balladen geprägt. Das dritte Album Summerteeth enthält weniger Country-Elemente als die Vorgänger, hat aber noch den bis dato typischen Wilco-Sound. Eine Zäsur stellte das experimentellere, mit elektronischen Klängen und Samples aufgearbeitete Album Yankee Hotel Foxtrot (2002) dar. Traditioneller orientierte Fans lehnten es als Renegatentum ab, aber es erreichte eine große neue Hörerschaft und wurde zum erfolgreichsten der frühen Wilco-Alben. Es erreichte Platz 12 der US-amerikanischen Albumcharts und machte Wilco nach den ersten, vornehmlich von den Kritikern gefeierten Alben auch über die USA hinaus bekannt.

Der Streit um Yankee Hotel Foxtrot und die Alben bei Nonesuch Records

Mit zum Erfolg von Yankee Hotel Foxtrot mag beigetragen haben, dass Jeff Tweedy im Zusammenhang mit dem Album einen langen Rechtsstreit mit der Plattenfirma Warner Music Group um die künstlerische Freiheit der Band geführt hatte. Das zu Warner gehörende Unterlabel Reprise Records lehnte die Veröffentlichung des Albums in der von der Band gewünschten Form ab, da es befürchtete, die elektronischen Experimente könnten von der potenziellen Käuferschaft des Albums abgelehnt werden. Die Band bestand jedoch auf ihrer Version und kaufte das Album dem Label ab. Es wurde auf der Wilco-Webseite als Web-Stream angeboten, bis sich eine neue Plattenfirma fand, die das Album veröffentlichen wollte. Diese fand sich mit Nonesuch Records, einem anderen Warner-Unterlabel. Von vielen Fans wurde der Erfolg der Band als Sieg im Kampf um die künstlerische Freiheit, des Independent-Gedankens und von David gegen Goliath gefeiert.

Im Jahr 2004 erschien der Nachfolger A Ghost Is Born, das in konsequenter Weiterführung des mit Yankee Hotel Foxtrot eingeschlagenen Wegs auch wieder mit elektronischen Klängen und Samples arbeitete. Es erreichte sogar Platz 8 in den Billboard-Charts und brachte Wilco 2005 zwei Grammy Awards ein, unter anderem für das beste Alternative-Album.

Im November 2005 veröffentlichten Wilco das Live-Doppelalbum Kicking Television – Live in Chicago, das im Mai desselben Jahres aufgenommen wurde, als die Band an vier aufeinanderfolgenden Abenden im Vic Theatre von Chicago spielte.

Am 11. Mai 2007 erschien mit Sky Blue Sky ein neues Wilco-Album. Zwei Wochen vor Veröffentlichungstermin konnte man das gesamte Album als Stream auf der offiziellen Website von Wilco hören.

Am 26. Juni 2009 erschien Wilcos siebtes Studioalbum Wilco (The Album). Auf diesem Album singt unter anderem als Gast Leslie Feist bei You and I. Das Album wurde vom Rolling Stone Magazine zum Album des Jahres 2009 ernannt. Die Veröffentlichung wurde teilweise vom Tod des 2001 bei Wilco ausgeschiedenen Ur-Mitglieds Jay Bennett, der am 24. Mai 2009 überraschend verstarb, überschattet.

The Whole Love

Im September 2011 erschien das Studioalbum The Whole Love.[1] Nachdem Wilcos Vertrag mit Nonesuch Records endete, wurde das Album vom neuen bandeigenen Label dBpm herausgebracht. Das Stück I Might wurde Ende Juni 2011 auf der offiziellen Bandhomepage als Web-Stream vorveröffentlicht. The Whole Love wurde sowohl von den Kritikern als auch den Lesern des deutschen Rolling Stone zum „Album des Jahres 2011“ gewählt.

Kompilationen

Ende 2014 erschien das Boxset Alpha Mike Foxtrott mit rund 80 Raritäten und Liveaufnahmen der Band[2], sowie das Best-of-Doppelalbum What’s Your 20?

Mermaid Avenue

Auf Initiative von Nora Guthrie vertonten Wilco in einem gemeinsamen Projekt mit Billy Bragg Songtexte aus der Hinterlassenschaft ihres Vaters, des legendären Folksängers Woody Guthrie. Die beiden in Dublin aufgenommenen Mermaid Avenue-Alben von 1998 und 2000 wurden von Fans und Kritikern sehr positiv bewertet. Im Jahr 2012 erschien eine dritte Platte mit Outtakes sowie ein Boxset mit den drei Alben und der Dokumentation Man in the Sand.

Diskografie

Alben

JahrTitelHöchstplatzierung, Gesamtwochen, AuszeichnungChartplatzierungenChartplatzierungen[3][4]
(Jahr, Titel, Plat­zie­rungen, Wo­chen, Aus­zeich­nungen, Anmer­kungen)
Anmerkungen
 DE AT CH UK US
1995A. M.
1996Being ThereUS73
(3 Wo.)US
1998Mermaid AvenueUK34
Silber
Silber

(4 Wo.)UK
US90
(7 Wo.)US
Billy Bragg & Wilco
1999SummerteethUK38
(2 Wo.)UK
US78
(3 Wo.)US
2000Mermaid Avenue Vol. IIUK61
(1 Wo.)UK
US88
(4 Wo.)US
Billy Bragg & Wilco
2001Yankee Hotel FoxtrotDE29
(6 Wo.)DE
CH50
(1 Wo.)CH
UK40
(2 Wo.)UK
US13
Gold
Gold

(20 Wo.)US
2004A Ghost Is BornDE41
(3 Wo.)DE
AT75
(1 Wo.)AT
UK50
(1 Wo.)UK
US8
(9 Wo.)US
2005Kicking Television – Live in ChicagoUS47
(2 Wo.)US
Livealbum
2007Sky Blue SkyDE36
(3 Wo.)DE
CH61
(2 Wo.)CH
UK39
(2 Wo.)UK
US4
(17 Wo.)US
2009Wilco (The Album)DE32
(3 Wo.)DE
AT60
(1 Wo.)AT
CH43
(2 Wo.)CH
UK49
(1 Wo.)UK
US4
(13 Wo.)US
2011The Whole LoveDE14
(5 Wo.)DE
AT19
(2 Wo.)AT
CH28
(3 Wo.)CH
UK30
(2 Wo.)UK
US5
(13 Wo.)US
2012iTunes Sessions (EP)US54
(1 Wo.)US
Live-EP
Mermaid Avenue Vol. III
Billy Bragg & Wilco
2014Alpha Mike Foxtrot: Rare Tracks 1994–2014US46
(1 Wo.)US
Kompilation mit rund 80 Raritäten und Liveaufnahmen
2015Star WarsDE83
(1 Wo.)DE
CH52
(1 Wo.)CH
UK83
(1 Wo.)UK
US105
(1 Wo.)US
2016SchmilcoDE21
(2 Wo.)DE
AT25
(1 Wo.)AT
CH22
(2 Wo.)CH
UK25
(1 Wo.)UK
US11
(3 Wo.)US
2019Ode to JoyDE25
(1 Wo.)DE
AT42
(1 Wo.)AT
CH24
(2 Wo.)CH
UK29
(1 Wo.)UK
US21
(1 Wo.)US
2022Cruel CountryCH100
(1 Wo.)CH

Weitere Veröffentlichungen

  • More Like the Moon EP (auch bekannt als Australian EP und Bridge EP) (2003)
  • Mermaid Avenue – The Complete Sessions (mit Billy Bragg) (2012)
  • What’s Your 20? Essential Tracks 1994–2014 (2014)

Singles

JahrTitel
Album
Höchstplatzierung, Gesamtwochen, AuszeichnungChartsChartplatzierungen[3]
(Jahr, Titel, Album, Plat­zie­rungen, Wo­chen, Aus­zeich­nungen, Anmer­kungen)
Anmerkungen
 UK
1997Outtasite (Outta Mind)
Being There
UK97
(1 Wo.)UK
1998Way Over Yonder in the Minor Key
Mermaid Avenue
UK89
(1 Wo.)UK
Billy Bragg & Wilco
1999Can’t Stand It
Summerteeth
UK67
(2 Wo.)UK
A Shot in the Arm
Summerteeth
UK88
(1 Wo.)UK
2004I’m a Wheel
A Ghost ist Born
UK85
(1 Wo.)UK

Videoalben

  • I am Trying to Break Your Heart (Dokumentarfilm von Sam Jones, 2002, US:GoldGold)
  • Ashes of American Flags: Wilco Live (2009)

Buch

  • The Wilco Book (2004)
  • Wilco: Learning How to Die von Greg Kot (2004)

Quellen

  1. New Wilco: "I Might", Amy Phillips, Pitchfork Magazine, 25. Juni 2011.
  2. Wilco: Eine Schlachtplatte für die Ohren, Rezension von Karl Fluch in Der Standard vom 13. Jänner 2015, abgerufen am 13. März 2015.
  3. a b Chartquellen: DE AT CH UK US
  4. Auszeichnungen für Verkäufe: USA (RIAA) / Großbritannien (BPI, Datenbanksuche)

Weblinks

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